Prevalence of asthmatic smokers: Turkish experience (PASTE Study)

Background: Although both asthma and smoking are major health problems worldwide, smokers are often excluded from asthma studies. Objectives: It was aimed to verify the prevalence of asthmatic smokers in Turkey and assess the effects of smoking based on clinical parameters, exacerbations and hospitalizations because of lack of national data about the prevalence of smoking among asthmatics. Methods: The study protocol was comprised of a retrospective questionnaire. The asthmatic patients were followed in the outpatient clinics of 18 tertiary hospitals selected from seven different geographical regions in Turkey. We evaluated demographic data, smoking habits, asthma-related diseases, respiratory function and emergency visits. Results: The study population included 1385 patients (M/F: 343/1042), and the mean age was 45.1±14.0 years. Current and former smoking prevalence was 11.4% and 15.1%, respectively. Smoker rates were higher in males and younger asthmatics compared with females and older asthmatics (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). Smoking history ranged from 0.20 to 90 pack-years (the mean was 12.9), and smokers had a higher level of education compared with nonsmokers (P<0.01). Socioeconomically, the most developed region had the highest rate of smoker asthmatics (33.9%; P=0.014). There was an increase in the number of exacerbations in smoker asthmatics during the previous year, but it was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: We showed that the smoking prevalence in Turkey was lower in asthmatics (11.4%) compared with the general population (44.5%). Nevertheless, every effort should be made to encourage asthmatics to stop smoking because smoking is a modifiable risk factor for adverse asthma health outcomes. © 2013 John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Dergi Adı Clinical Respiratory Journal
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 8
Dergi Sayısı 3
Sayfalar 350 - 356
Yayın Yılı 2014
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Prevalence of asthmatic smokers: Turkish experience (PASTE Study)
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Yıldız, Fusun
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Dursun, Adile Berna
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Dişçi, Rian
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Abadoğlu, Öznur
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Atalay, Figen
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ateş, Güngör
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Büyükoğlan, Hakan
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2014
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Background: Although both asthma and smoking are major health problems worldwide, smokers are often excluded from asthma studies. Objectives: It was aimed to verify the prevalence of asthmatic smokers in Turkey and assess the effects of smoking based on clinical parameters, exacerbations and hospitalizations because of lack of national data about the prevalence of smoking among asthmatics. Methods: The study protocol was comprised of a retrospective questionnaire. The asthmatic patients were followed in the outpatient clinics of 18 tertiary hospitals selected from seven different geographical regions in Turkey. We evaluated demographic data, smoking habits, asthma-related diseases, respiratory function and emergency visits. Results: The study population included 1385 patients (M/F: 343/1042), and the mean age was 45.1±14.0 years. Current and former smoking prevalence was 11.4% and 15.1%, respectively. Smoker rates were higher in males and younger asthmatics compared with females and older asthmatics (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). Smoking history ranged from 0.20 to 90 pack-years (the mean was 12.9), and smokers had a higher level of education compared with nonsmokers (P<0.01). Socioeconomically, the most developed region had the highest rate of smoker asthmatics (33.9%; P=0.014). There was an increase in the number of exacerbations in smoker asthmatics during the previous year, but it was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: We showed that the smoking prevalence in Turkey was lower in asthmatics (11.4%) compared with the general population (44.5%). Nevertheless, every effort should be made to encourage asthmatics to stop smoking because smoking is a modifiable risk factor for adverse asthma health outcomes. © 2013 John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Asthma
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Asthma control
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Exacerbation
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Prevalence
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Smoking
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Spirometry
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Turkey
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1752-6981
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
350
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
356
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
Clinical Respiratory Journal
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
3
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
8
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.12079
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7162
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
494
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
16 Temmuz 2024 23:49
Google Kontrol
Tıklayınız
smoking asthmatics prevalence asthma Turkey smokers compared population exacerbations smoker because patients health higher asthmatic highest Smoking increase number history region ranged developed Socioeconomically pack-years nonsmokers education during Background previous factor encourage modifiable effort adverse
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

creativecommons
Bu site altında yer alan tüm kaynaklar Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.
Platforms