Influence of smoking on human milk tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels at postpartum seventh day

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on human milk interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels at the postpartum seventh day. Methods: Forty-four mothers (age range: 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study. Mothers were interviewed and classified according to their smoking status into one of two groups: the smoking mothers (n = 21) and the nonsmoking mothers (n = 23). Results: There were no significant differences between study groups with respect to human milk interleukin-1 beta (P = 0.12) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels (P = 0.83). However, TNF-alpha levels were found to be significantly lower in the smoking mothers compared with the controls (P = 0.002). Conclusion: This study shows that maternal smoking during pregnancy affects the levels of TNF-alpha in milk. The protective effect of human milk against infections seems to be impaired in smoking mothers.

Yazar Ermis, Bahri
Yildirim, Abdulkadir
Tastekin, Ayhan
Ors, Rahmi
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2782
Tek Biçim Adres 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2009.02864.x
Konu Başlıkları cytokines
human milk
maternal smoking
pregnancy
tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 51
Dergi Sayısı 6
Sayfalar 821 - 824
Yayın Yılı 2009
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Influence of smoking on human milk tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels at postpartum seventh day
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ermis, Bahri
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Yildirim, Abdulkadir
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Tastekin, Ayhan
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ors, Rahmi
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2009
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
WILEY
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on human milk interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels at the postpartum seventh day. Methods: Forty-four mothers (age range: 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study. Mothers were interviewed and classified according to their smoking status into one of two groups: the smoking mothers (n = 21) and the nonsmoking mothers (n = 23). Results: There were no significant differences between study groups with respect to human milk interleukin-1 beta (P = 0.12) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 levels (P = 0.83). However, TNF-alpha levels were found to be significantly lower in the smoking mothers compared with the controls (P = 0.002). Conclusion: This study shows that maternal smoking during pregnancy affects the levels of TNF-alpha in milk. The protective effect of human milk against infections seems to be impaired in smoking mothers.
Açıklama
[dc.description]
WOS: 000271811000011
Açıklama
[dc.description]
PubMed: 19438832
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
cytokines
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
human milk
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
maternal smoking
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
pregnancy
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1328-8067
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1442-200X
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
821
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
824
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
6
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
51
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2009.02864.x
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2782
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
11
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
04 Şubat 2024 04:33
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Tıklayınız
smoking mothers levels vascular molecule-1 adhesion soluble during groups effect maternal pregnancy interleukin-1 TNF-alpha significant respect differences between However Background impaired infections against protective affects significantly Results Conclusion controls compared Mothers Methods investigate necrosis factor-alpha
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