Assessment of Relation Between Subjective Memory Complaints and Objective Cognitive Performance of Elderly Over 55 Years Old Age

Introduction: This study investigated the frequency of forgetfulness in elderly individuals over 55 years of age and examined the association of subjective memory complaints (SMCs) with objective cognitive functions,, depression and other risk factors. Methods: We recruited 405 patients over 55 years of age who were referred to Neurology, Cardiology, or Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinics. All subjects were questioned regarding forgetfulness and then were administered the Subjective Memory Complaint (SMC) Scale, Mini Mental Test (MMT), Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Subjects with SMC were compared with those without SMC in terms of cognition, depression and some laboratory parameters. Results: Of the patients, 42.5% complained of forgetfulness. None of these patients had been admitted to hospital for this complaint. Women and patients with low education had more forgetfulness as well as poorer results on the SMC Scale, MMT, VFT, and GDS. Patients with SMC had lower hemoglobin, ferritin and free T4 levels. Female gender and depression was found to be a risk factor for SMCs. Conclusion: SMCs are common in people over 55 years of age. Being a woman as well as depression was found to be a risk factor for SMC. Since depression is a treatable condition, these people should be assessed carefully in terms of depressive symptoms. Laboratory parameters, such as hemoglobin, ferritin and free T4 levels should be investigated in patients with SMC. Unlike the other cognitive tests, CDT performance is independent of subjective memory complaints. Elderly patients rarely visit hospital with complaint of SMC, therefore, clinicians should be watchful for this problem.

Yazar Acikgoz, Mustafa
Ozen Barut, Banu
Emre, Ufuk
Tascilar, Nida
Atalay, Adnan
Kokturk, Furuzan
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2123
Tek Biçim Adres 10.4274/npa.y6719
Konu Başlıkları Memory disorders
depression
cognition
dementia
aging
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı NOROPSIKIYATRI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 51
Dergi Sayısı 1
Sayfalar 57 - 62
Yayın Yılı 2014
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Assessment of Relation Between Subjective Memory Complaints and Objective Cognitive Performance of Elderly Over 55 Years Old Age
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Acikgoz, Mustafa
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ozen Barut, Banu
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Emre, Ufuk
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Tascilar, Nida
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Atalay, Adnan
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Kokturk, Furuzan
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2014
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
GALENOS YAYINCILIK
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Introduction: This study investigated the frequency of forgetfulness in elderly individuals over 55 years of age and examined the association of subjective memory complaints (SMCs) with objective cognitive functions,, depression and other risk factors. Methods: We recruited 405 patients over 55 years of age who were referred to Neurology, Cardiology, or Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinics. All subjects were questioned regarding forgetfulness and then were administered the Subjective Memory Complaint (SMC) Scale, Mini Mental Test (MMT), Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Subjects with SMC were compared with those without SMC in terms of cognition, depression and some laboratory parameters. Results: Of the patients, 42.5% complained of forgetfulness. None of these patients had been admitted to hospital for this complaint. Women and patients with low education had more forgetfulness as well as poorer results on the SMC Scale, MMT, VFT, and GDS. Patients with SMC had lower hemoglobin, ferritin and free T4 levels. Female gender and depression was found to be a risk factor for SMCs. Conclusion: SMCs are common in people over 55 years of age. Being a woman as well as depression was found to be a risk factor for SMC. Since depression is a treatable condition, these people should be assessed carefully in terms of depressive symptoms. Laboratory parameters, such as hemoglobin, ferritin and free T4 levels should be investigated in patients with SMC. Unlike the other cognitive tests, CDT performance is independent of subjective memory complaints. Elderly patients rarely visit hospital with complaint of SMC, therefore, clinicians should be watchful for this problem.
Açıklama
[dc.description]
WOS: 000334575300011
Açıklama
[dc.description]
PubMed: 28360596
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
tur
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Memory disorders
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
depression
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
cognition
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
dementia
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
aging
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1300-0667
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
57
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
62
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
NOROPSIKIYATRI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
1
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
51
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.4274/npa.y6719
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2123
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
14
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
08 Şubat 2024 08:52
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patients depression forgetfulness should ferritin hemoglobin people hospital factor levels complaints investigated complaint subjective memory parameters cognitive Patients education poorer results Introduction Female Unlike problem watchful clinicians therefore rarely Elderly independent performance gender Laboratory symptoms
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