Change in tear film characteristics in visual display terminal users

Purpose: To evaluate changes in symptoms and tear film characteristics in young computer users. Methods: Fifty-one computer users and 26 controls were evaluated at the beginning and the end of the working day. Subjects with ocular or systemic disease, history of ocular surgery, use of contact lenses or glasses with antireflective surfaces, and use of topical or systemic medications were excluded from the study. Computer use duration, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear osmolarity, Schirmer test, tear break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface vital dye staining were performed prevocationally and postvocationally. Results: The mean age was 31.2 +/- 6.3 years in computer users and 33.7 +/- 5.8 in controls. The mean reported computer use was 6.9 +/- 2.7 hours/day in computer users and 0.4 +/- 0.5 hours/day in controls. The mean prevocational and postvocational values in computer users for OSDI, osmolarity, TBUT, and Schirmer test were 23.2 +/- 16.6 and 27.0 +/- 17.6, 306.6 +/- 14.9 and 311.0 +/- 12.5 mOsm/L, 13.9 +/- 4.0 and 13.2 +/- 3.8 seconds, 22.7 +/- 11.8 and 20.6 +/- 12.5 mm, respectively. The vocational change was significant for all parameters in the computer user group but not in the control group. The osmolarity-based dry eye diagnosis was 27.4% in the computer users while it was 15.4% in the control group. Oxford score was only grade 1 in 5.9% of visual display terminal users and did not change at the end of the day. Conclusions: Both symptoms and signs of dry eye increased significantly with computer use. Approximately 1 of every 3-4 computer users was found to have dry eye with higher tear osmolarity values.

Yazar Yazici, Alper
Sari, Esin S.
Sahin, Gozde
Kilic, Adil
Cakmak, Harun
Ayar, Orhan
Ermis, Samet S.
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2206
Tek Biçim Adres 10.5301/ejo.5000525
Konu Başlıkları Dry eye
Schirmer test
Tear break-up
Tear osmolarity
Visual display terminal
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 25
Dergi Sayısı 2
Sayfalar 85 - 89
Yayın Yılı 2015
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Change in tear film characteristics in visual display terminal users
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Yazici, Alper
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Sari, Esin S.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Sahin, Gozde
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Kilic, Adil
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Cakmak, Harun
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ayar, Orhan
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ermis, Samet S.
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2015
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
WICHTIG PUBLISHING
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Purpose: To evaluate changes in symptoms and tear film characteristics in young computer users. Methods: Fifty-one computer users and 26 controls were evaluated at the beginning and the end of the working day. Subjects with ocular or systemic disease, history of ocular surgery, use of contact lenses or glasses with antireflective surfaces, and use of topical or systemic medications were excluded from the study. Computer use duration, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear osmolarity, Schirmer test, tear break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface vital dye staining were performed prevocationally and postvocationally. Results: The mean age was 31.2 +/- 6.3 years in computer users and 33.7 +/- 5.8 in controls. The mean reported computer use was 6.9 +/- 2.7 hours/day in computer users and 0.4 +/- 0.5 hours/day in controls. The mean prevocational and postvocational values in computer users for OSDI, osmolarity, TBUT, and Schirmer test were 23.2 +/- 16.6 and 27.0 +/- 17.6, 306.6 +/- 14.9 and 311.0 +/- 12.5 mOsm/L, 13.9 +/- 4.0 and 13.2 +/- 3.8 seconds, 22.7 +/- 11.8 and 20.6 +/- 12.5 mm, respectively. The vocational change was significant for all parameters in the computer user group but not in the control group. The osmolarity-based dry eye diagnosis was 27.4% in the computer users while it was 15.4% in the control group. Oxford score was only grade 1 in 5.9% of visual display terminal users and did not change at the end of the day. Conclusions: Both symptoms and signs of dry eye increased significantly with computer use. Approximately 1 of every 3-4 computer users was found to have dry eye with higher tear osmolarity values.
Açıklama
[dc.description]
23rd Annual Meeting of the American-Glaucoma-Society -- FEB 28-MAR 03, 2013 -- Amer Glaucoma Soc, San Francisco, CA
Açıklama
[dc.description]
WOS: 000357614000004
Açıklama
[dc.description]
PubMed: 25363850
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Dry eye
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Schirmer test
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Tear break-up
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Tear osmolarity
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Visual display terminal
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1120-6721
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1724-6016
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
85
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
89
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
2
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
25
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.5301/ejo.5000525
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/2206
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
22
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
20 Şubat 2024 13:02
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computer osmolarity ocular controls values change Schirmer control hours/day systemic symptoms Approximately Conclusions mOsm/L increased significantly higher seconds visual Oxford osmolarity-based display parameters significant terminal vocational respectively diagnosis Purpose Subjects excluded medications topical surfaces antireflective
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