Temperament and character dimensions of patients with adult separation anxiety disorder

Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that separation anxiety can occur in adults. We aimed to determine temperament and character dimensions in patients with adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) compared to patients with panic disorder (PD) and healthy subjects. Methods: The study sample included 77 outpatients with ASAD, 44 outpatients with a PD with or without agoraphobia diagnosis, and 35 healthy subjects. ASAD diagnoses were confirmed with Structured Clinical Interview for Separation Anxiety Symptoms. Other measures included Adulthood Separation Anxiety Checklist, Separation Anxiety Symptom Inventory, and Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Group comparisons according to presence or absence of PD comorbidity in ASAD were also done. Results: Patients with ASAD scored higher in harm avoidance (HA) and scored lower in self-directedness (SD) compared to PD and control groups. Moreover, both PD patients and ASAD patients scored higher in RD, and self-transcendence dimensions than control subjects. All subscales of HA (anticipatory worry, fear of uncertainty, shyness, and fatigability) were significantly higher than controls. While HA scores were not different between ASAD and 'ASAD + PD' patients, HA levels of both groups were higher than PD alone and control groups. SD scores of patients with ASAD were lower than PD and control groups. Limitations: Cross-sectional design and ASAD group have other anxiety disorders comorbidity which might affect the results. Conclusion: Similar to PD and other anxiety disorders HA and RD was higher, and SD was lower in patients with ASAD compared to healthy subjects. Observed TCI profile is related to the ASAD itself since depression comorbidity was controlled. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Yazar Mertol, Seda
Alkin, Tunc
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/3436
Tek Biçim Adres 10.1016/j.jad.2012.02.034
Konu Başlıkları Adult separation anxiety disorder
Temperament
Character
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 139
Dergi Sayısı 2
Sayfalar 199 - 203
Yayın Yılı 2012
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Temperament and character dimensions of patients with adult separation anxiety disorder
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Mertol, Seda
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Alkin, Tunc
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2012
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
ELSEVIER
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that separation anxiety can occur in adults. We aimed to determine temperament and character dimensions in patients with adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) compared to patients with panic disorder (PD) and healthy subjects. Methods: The study sample included 77 outpatients with ASAD, 44 outpatients with a PD with or without agoraphobia diagnosis, and 35 healthy subjects. ASAD diagnoses were confirmed with Structured Clinical Interview for Separation Anxiety Symptoms. Other measures included Adulthood Separation Anxiety Checklist, Separation Anxiety Symptom Inventory, and Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Group comparisons according to presence or absence of PD comorbidity in ASAD were also done. Results: Patients with ASAD scored higher in harm avoidance (HA) and scored lower in self-directedness (SD) compared to PD and control groups. Moreover, both PD patients and ASAD patients scored higher in RD, and self-transcendence dimensions than control subjects. All subscales of HA (anticipatory worry, fear of uncertainty, shyness, and fatigability) were significantly higher than controls. While HA scores were not different between ASAD and 'ASAD + PD' patients, HA levels of both groups were higher than PD alone and control groups. SD scores of patients with ASAD were lower than PD and control groups. Limitations: Cross-sectional design and ASAD group have other anxiety disorders comorbidity which might affect the results. Conclusion: Similar to PD and other anxiety disorders HA and RD was higher, and SD was lower in patients with ASAD compared to healthy subjects. Observed TCI profile is related to the ASAD itself since depression comorbidity was controlled. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Açıklama
[dc.description]
WOS: 000306535300012
Açıklama
[dc.description]
PubMed: 22440427
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Adult separation anxiety disorder
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Temperament
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Character
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
0165-0327
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1573-2517
Sponsor YAYINCI
[dc.description.sponsorship]
Ely-Lilly; Janssen-CilagJohnson & Johnson USAJanssen Biotech Inc; PfizerPfizer
Sponsor YAYINCI
[dc.description.sponsorship]
Dr. Allan served as a researcher to Pfizer, and sponsored in congresses by Ely-Lilly, Janssen-Cilag, and Pfizer in the previous 3 years.
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
199
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
203
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
2
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
139
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2012.02.034
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/3436
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
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Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
9
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
08 Şubat 2024 17:19
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patients higher groups control subjects anxiety compared Anxiety healthy comorbidity Separation scored scores Inventory disorders disorder outpatients included separation dimensions (anticipatory controls different subscales fatigability) self-transcendence significantly shyness Moreover reserved uncertainty between Conclusion controlled depression
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