Axillary and Tympanic Temperature Measurement in Children and Normal Values for Ages

Aim The aim of the study was define the normal values of tympanic and axillary body temperature in healthy children. Methods This observational cross-sectional study was performed in healthy children aged 0 to 17 years who visited the ambulatory general pediatric of Istanbul Medical Faculty. Results Of 1364 children, 651 (47.7%) were girls and 713 were boys, the mean (SD, range) age was 72.5 (53.6, 1-204) months. The mean (SD) axillary body temperature was 36.04°C (0.46°C; minimum, 35.0°C; maximum, 37.6°C). The 95th and 99th percentiles were 36.8°C and 37.0°C, respectively. The mean (SD) tympanic body temperature was 36.91°C (0.46°C; minimum, 35.15°C; maximum, 37.9°C). The 95th and 99th percentiles were 37.6°C and 37.8°C, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between sexes for only tympanic body temperatures. Both axillary and tympanic body temperatures were statistically higher in 0 to 2 months compared with other age groups. For this age group, the 99th percentile was 37.5°C for axillary and 37.85°C for tympanic temperature. Conclusions Axillary and tympanic body temperatures should be considered as fever when they are more than 37.0°C and 37.8°C, respectively. For 0 to 2 months, fever is 37.5°C and 37.85°C in axillary and tympanic temperatures, respectively. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Yazar Oguz F.
Yildiz I.
Varkal M.A.
Hizli Z.
Toprak S.
Kaymakci K.
Saygili S.K.
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/4463
Tek Biçim Adres 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000693
Konu Başlıkları axillary temperature
temperature measurement
tympanic temperature
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı Pediatric Emergency Care
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 34
Dergi Sayısı 3
Sayfalar 169 - 173
Yayın Yılı 2018
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Axillary and Tympanic Temperature Measurement in Children and Normal Values for Ages
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Oguz F.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Yildiz I.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Varkal M.A.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Hizli Z.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Toprak S.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Kaymakci K.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Saygili S.K.
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2018
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Aim The aim of the study was define the normal values of tympanic and axillary body temperature in healthy children. Methods This observational cross-sectional study was performed in healthy children aged 0 to 17 years who visited the ambulatory general pediatric of Istanbul Medical Faculty. Results Of 1364 children, 651 (47.7%) were girls and 713 were boys, the mean (SD, range) age was 72.5 (53.6, 1-204) months. The mean (SD) axillary body temperature was 36.04°C (0.46°C; minimum, 35.0°C; maximum, 37.6°C). The 95th and 99th percentiles were 36.8°C and 37.0°C, respectively. The mean (SD) tympanic body temperature was 36.91°C (0.46°C; minimum, 35.15°C; maximum, 37.9°C). The 95th and 99th percentiles were 37.6°C and 37.8°C, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between sexes for only tympanic body temperatures. Both axillary and tympanic body temperatures were statistically higher in 0 to 2 months compared with other age groups. For this age group, the 99th percentile was 37.5°C for axillary and 37.85°C for tympanic temperature. Conclusions Axillary and tympanic body temperatures should be considered as fever when they are more than 37.0°C and 37.8°C, respectively. For 0 to 2 months, fever is 37.5°C and 37.85°C in axillary and tympanic temperatures, respectively. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
axillary temperature
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
temperature measurement
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
tympanic temperature
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
0749-5161
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
169
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
173
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
Pediatric Emergency Care
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
3
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
34
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000000693
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/4463
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
11
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
07 Şubat 2024 17:57
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Tıklayınız
tympanic axillary respectively temperature temperatures months children statistically minimum maximum percentiles healthy higher between differences compared Conclusions reserved rights Health Kluwer Wolters considered should Axillary percentile groups significant Istanbul pediatric general ambulatory visited performed Faculty
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