An essay on the biological origin of producing surplus value by human labor

In this essay, we explore the origins of the ability to produce surplus value through human labor. The main hypothesis is that the safety factor for energy capacity in humans determines the surplus value of human labor in human societies. We estimate the safety factor for Homo sapiens to be around 2.78. This is based on the rise of the encephalization quotient from 2.5 in Australopithecus africanus to 5.8 in H. sapiens, and we assume this rise is matched by a rise in the safety factor from 1.2 to 2.78. Being a communal species compels human individuals to produce both their personal and their community’s energy need. The possible correlation between Dunbar’s number and the safety factor of energy production capacity provides a very essential feature of human labor, namely “surplus value”. The average labor activity of a modern human is sufficient to provide energy for two to three people’s energy burden in a community. Human labor not only produces the energy for survival of an individual but also produces a surplus due to the safety factor. Therefore, work activity of an individual enables them to supply more than they need for themselves as a value. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Yazar Uysal H.
Atasoy H.T.
Bilge U.
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/4203
Tek Biçim Adres 10.1007/s10818-017-9248-9
Konu Başlıkları Encephalization quotient
Human evaluation
Innovation quotient
Safety factor
Surplus value
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı Journal of Bioeconomics
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 19
Dergi Sayısı 2
Sayfalar 187 - 199
Yayın Yılı 2017
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
An essay on the biological origin of producing surplus value by human labor
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Uysal H.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Atasoy H.T.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Bilge U.
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2017
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
Springer New York LLC
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
In this essay, we explore the origins of the ability to produce surplus value through human labor. The main hypothesis is that the safety factor for energy capacity in humans determines the surplus value of human labor in human societies. We estimate the safety factor for Homo sapiens to be around 2.78. This is based on the rise of the encephalization quotient from 2.5 in Australopithecus africanus to 5.8 in H. sapiens, and we assume this rise is matched by a rise in the safety factor from 1.2 to 2.78. Being a communal species compels human individuals to produce both their personal and their community’s energy need. The possible correlation between Dunbar’s number and the safety factor of energy production capacity provides a very essential feature of human labor, namely “surplus value”. The average labor activity of a modern human is sufficient to provide energy for two to three people’s energy burden in a community. Human labor not only produces the energy for survival of an individual but also produces a surplus due to the safety factor. Therefore, work activity of an individual enables them to supply more than they need for themselves as a value. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Encephalization quotient
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Human evaluation
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Innovation quotient
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Safety factor
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Surplus value
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1387-6996
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
187
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
199
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
Journal of Bioeconomics
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
2
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
19
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10818-017-9248-9
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/4203
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
10
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
08 Şubat 2024 10:42
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Tıklayınız
energy factor safety surplus sapiens individual capacity produces produce activity feature community average namely burden people’s provide sufficient “surplus value” modern Science+Business Springer themselves survival supply enables Therefore essential species provides determines around estimate societies
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