Smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction among coal workers in Zonguldak, Turkey

To assess the smoking status of coal workers, as coal dust exposure and concomitant cigarette smoking contribute to the increased prevalence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other pulmonary diseases. A survey was conducted to determine the smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction in coal workers. The target population consisted of 475 underground coal workers who lived in Zonguldak city of Turkey, and we reached 389 of them. Each subject completed a detailed smoking history questionnaire (included 56 question). Chest X-rays and pulmonary function tests were performed to evaluate patients' related diseases and complications. Smoking status of the workers was as follows; Sixty-nine never smokers (17.7%), 62 ex-smokers (15.9%) and 258 current smokers (66.3%). The mean age of starting smoking was similar among ex and current smokers (15.9 ± 4.2 versus 15.0 ± 4.0). The most common reason for starting smoking was smoking interest (50%) and friends' influence (15.5%). The most frequent reason stated for successful smoking cessation was experience of smoking-related symptoms or development of a medical condition (51%). The most important reason given by current smokers for smoking cessation attempts was increased chance of developing lung cancer, pneumoconiosis and other diseases (22.9%). Nicotine addiction was assessed by the Fagerstroem test. Mild (0-3 points), moderate (4-6) and severe (7 or more) addiction ratios were found to be 39.1%, 44.2% and 16.7% respectively. Ex-smokers had the highest prevalence of large and small airway obstruction on spirometry. Smoking prevalence is high in coal workers living in Zonguldak city of Turkey. Most of the smokers know that smoking is dangerous and want to quit smoking. A detailed smoking history during medical surveillance may help the occupational physician to develop a system in which such individuals can be referred to comprehensive smoking cessation programs.

Yazar Unalacak M.
Altin R.
Kart L.
Tor M.
Örnek T.
Altunel H.
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7558
Tek Biçim Adres 10.1539/joh.46.289
Konu Başlıkları Chest X-ray abnormalities
Coal workers
Smoking cessation
Spirometry
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı Journal of Occupational Health
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 46
Dergi Sayısı 4
Sayfalar 289 - 295
Yayın Yılı 2004
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction among coal workers in Zonguldak, Turkey
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Unalacak M.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Altin R.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Kart L.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Tor M.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Örnek T.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Altunel H.
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2004
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
To assess the smoking status of coal workers, as coal dust exposure and concomitant cigarette smoking contribute to the increased prevalence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other pulmonary diseases. A survey was conducted to determine the smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction in coal workers. The target population consisted of 475 underground coal workers who lived in Zonguldak city of Turkey, and we reached 389 of them. Each subject completed a detailed smoking history questionnaire (included 56 question). Chest X-rays and pulmonary function tests were performed to evaluate patients' related diseases and complications. Smoking status of the workers was as follows; Sixty-nine never smokers (17.7%), 62 ex-smokers (15.9%) and 258 current smokers (66.3%). The mean age of starting smoking was similar among ex and current smokers (15.9 ± 4.2 versus 15.0 ± 4.0). The most common reason for starting smoking was smoking interest (50%) and friends' influence (15.5%). The most frequent reason stated for successful smoking cessation was experience of smoking-related symptoms or development of a medical condition (51%). The most important reason given by current smokers for smoking cessation attempts was increased chance of developing lung cancer, pneumoconiosis and other diseases (22.9%). Nicotine addiction was assessed by the Fagerstroem test. Mild (0-3 points), moderate (4-6) and severe (7 or more) addiction ratios were found to be 39.1%, 44.2% and 16.7% respectively. Ex-smokers had the highest prevalence of large and small airway obstruction on spirometry. Smoking prevalence is high in coal workers living in Zonguldak city of Turkey. Most of the smokers know that smoking is dangerous and want to quit smoking. A detailed smoking history during medical surveillance may help the occupational physician to develop a system in which such individuals can be referred to comprehensive smoking cessation programs.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Chest X-ray abnormalities
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Coal workers
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Smoking cessation
Konu Başlıkları
[dc.subject]
Spirometry
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1341-9145
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
289
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
295
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
Journal of Occupational Health
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
4
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
46
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.1539/joh.46.289
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7558
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
33
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
07 Şubat 2024 21:27
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Tıklayınız
smoking workers smokers prevalence pulmonary current addiction diseases reason cessation Turkey detailed Smoking Zonguldak starting medical history status increased Nicotine assessed Fagerstroem dangerous cancer system points) pneumoconiosis individuals comprehensive smoking-related symptoms development condition programs important
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