Review of variations in Mw<7 earthquake motions on position and TEC (Mw Combining double low line 6.5 Aegean Sea earthquake sample)

Turkey is a country located in the middle latitude zone, where tectonic activity is intensive. Recently, an earthquake of magnitude 6.5 Mw occurred offshore in the Aegean Sea on 24 May 2014 at 09:25 UTC, which lasted about 40 s. The earthquake was also felt in Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria in addition to Turkey. In recent years, ionospheric anomaly detection studies have been carried out because of seismicity with total electron content (TEC) computed from the global navigation satellite system's (GNSS) signal delays and several interesting findings have been published. In this study, both TEC and positional variations have been examined separately following a moderate size earthquake in the Aegean Sea. The correlation of the aforementioned ionospheric variation with the positional variation has also been investigated. For this purpose, a total of 15 stations was used, including four continuously operating reference stations in Turkey (CORS-TR) and stations in the seismic zone (AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC), as well as international GNSS service (IGS) and European reference frame permanent network (EPN) stations. The ionospheric and positional variations of the AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC stations were examined using Bernese v5.0 software. When the precise point positioning TEC (PPP-TEC) values were examined, it was observed that the TEC values were approximately 4 TECU (total electron content unit) above the upper-limit TEC value at four stations located in Turkey, 3 days before the earthquake at 08:00 and 10:00 UTC. At the same stations, on the day before the earthquake at 06:00, 08:00, and 10:00 UTC, the TEC values were approximately 5 TECU below the lower-limit TEC value. The global ionosphere model TEC (GIM-TEC) values published by the Centre for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) were also examined. Three days before the earthquake, at all stations, it was observed that the TEC values in the time period between 08:00 and 10:00 UTC were approximately 2 TECU above the upper-limit TEC value; 1 day before the earthquake at 06:00, 08:00, and 10:00 UTC, the TEC values were approximately 4 TECU below the lower-limit TEC value. Again, by using the same 15 stations, positional variation investigation for before and after the earthquake was undertaken for the AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC stations. As a result of the conducted analysis, positional displacements were seen before and after the earthquake at the CANA station, which is the nearest station to the earthquake centre. Before and after the earthquake, positional displacements were observed as 10 and 3 cm respectively. © 2016 Author(s).

Yazar Yildirim O.
Inyurt S.
Mekik C.
Yayın Türü Review
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7424
Tek Biçim Adres 10.5194/nhess-16-543-2016
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Sayfalar 543 - 557
Yayın Yılı 2016
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Review of variations in Mw<7 earthquake motions on position and TEC (Mw Combining double low line 6.5 Aegean Sea earthquake sample)
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2016
Yayıncı
[dc.publisher]
Copernicus GmbH
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
review
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Turkey is a country located in the middle latitude zone, where tectonic activity is intensive. Recently, an earthquake of magnitude 6.5 Mw occurred offshore in the Aegean Sea on 24 May 2014 at 09:25 UTC, which lasted about 40 s. The earthquake was also felt in Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria in addition to Turkey. In recent years, ionospheric anomaly detection studies have been carried out because of seismicity with total electron content (TEC) computed from the global navigation satellite system's (GNSS) signal delays and several interesting findings have been published. In this study, both TEC and positional variations have been examined separately following a moderate size earthquake in the Aegean Sea. The correlation of the aforementioned ionospheric variation with the positional variation has also been investigated. For this purpose, a total of 15 stations was used, including four continuously operating reference stations in Turkey (CORS-TR) and stations in the seismic zone (AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC), as well as international GNSS service (IGS) and European reference frame permanent network (EPN) stations. The ionospheric and positional variations of the AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC stations were examined using Bernese v5.0 software. When the precise point positioning TEC (PPP-TEC) values were examined, it was observed that the TEC values were approximately 4 TECU (total electron content unit) above the upper-limit TEC value at four stations located in Turkey, 3 days before the earthquake at 08:00 and 10:00 UTC. At the same stations, on the day before the earthquake at 06:00, 08:00, and 10:00 UTC, the TEC values were approximately 5 TECU below the lower-limit TEC value. The global ionosphere model TEC (GIM-TEC) values published by the Centre for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) were also examined. Three days before the earthquake, at all stations, it was observed that the TEC values in the time period between 08:00 and 10:00 UTC were approximately 2 TECU above the upper-limit TEC value; 1 day before the earthquake at 06:00, 08:00, and 10:00 UTC, the TEC values were approximately 4 TECU below the lower-limit TEC value. Again, by using the same 15 stations, positional variation investigation for before and after the earthquake was undertaken for the AYVL, CANA, IPSA, and YENC stations. As a result of the conducted analysis, positional displacements were seen before and after the earthquake at the CANA station, which is the nearest station to the earthquake centre. Before and after the earthquake, positional displacements were observed as 10 and 3 cm respectively. © 2016 Author(s).
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-543-2016
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7424
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Yildirim O.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Inyurt S.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Mekik C.
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
543
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
557
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
10
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
21 Şubat 2024 12:47
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earthquake stations positional before values examined approximately Turkey ionospheric variation observed electron global published station displacements variations reference lower-limit upper-limit content located Aegean activity intensive Recently magnitude Before occurred offshore respectively (total Author(s) (PPP-TEC) positioning
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

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