Prevalence and risk factors for childhood asthma in Zonguldak, Turkey

Prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases varies between different regions throughout the world. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma and allergies and some risk factors for asthma in schoolchildren, aged between 6 and 16 years old, in Zonguldak, Turkey. We prepared 1500 questionnaires according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood criteria and distributed them in schools, to be completed at home by parents. Appropriately completed 1349 questionnaires, including complementary questions for risk factors, were taken into consideration. Data for air-pollutant levels of sulfurdioxide (SO2) and total suspended particles were obtained also. The prevalence of current wheezing symptoms was 9.6% in children aged between 13 and 16 years old and 11.2% in the total sample. In terms of physician-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema, the prevalences were 4.9, 37.7, and 13.2%, respectively. A family history of allergy, diagnosis, or symptoms of allergic rhinitis and bronchitis (age range, 6-9 years) and male gender were found to be significant predictors for asthma symptoms with adjusted odds ratios of 2.089, 0.336, 4.707, 1.652, and 0.599, respectively. Strongly positive correlation between number of symptomatic asthmatic patients and air pollution levels for SO2 (r = 0.864; p = 0.001) and total suspended particles (r = 0.891; p = 0.001) were observed also. The prevalence of asthma is high in Zonguldak, Turkey, and there is a strong correlation between air pollution and asthma symptoms. Allergy in the first-degree relatives, diagnosis of bronchitis and allergic rhinitis, age, and male gender are more important than the other factors in predicting asthma. Copyright © 2005, OceanSide Publications, Inc.

Yazar Tomac N.
Demirel F.
Acun C.
Ayoglu F.
Yayın Türü Article
Tek Biçim Adres https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7161
Koleksiyonlar Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Dergi Adı Allergy and Asthma Proceedings
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi 26
Dergi Sayısı 5
Sayfalar 397 - 402
Yayın Yılı 2005
Eser Adı
[dc.title]
Prevalence and risk factors for childhood asthma in Zonguldak, Turkey
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Tomac N.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Demirel F.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Acun C.
Yazar
[dc.contributor.author]
Ayoglu F.
Yayın Yılı
[dc.date.issued]
2005
Yayın Türü
[dc.type]
article
Özet
[dc.description.abstract]
Prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases varies between different regions throughout the world. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma and allergies and some risk factors for asthma in schoolchildren, aged between 6 and 16 years old, in Zonguldak, Turkey. We prepared 1500 questionnaires according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood criteria and distributed them in schools, to be completed at home by parents. Appropriately completed 1349 questionnaires, including complementary questions for risk factors, were taken into consideration. Data for air-pollutant levels of sulfurdioxide (SO2) and total suspended particles were obtained also. The prevalence of current wheezing symptoms was 9.6% in children aged between 13 and 16 years old and 11.2% in the total sample. In terms of physician-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema, the prevalences were 4.9, 37.7, and 13.2%, respectively. A family history of allergy, diagnosis, or symptoms of allergic rhinitis and bronchitis (age range, 6-9 years) and male gender were found to be significant predictors for asthma symptoms with adjusted odds ratios of 2.089, 0.336, 4.707, 1.652, and 0.599, respectively. Strongly positive correlation between number of symptomatic asthmatic patients and air pollution levels for SO2 (r = 0.864; p = 0.001) and total suspended particles (r = 0.891; p = 0.001) were observed also. The prevalence of asthma is high in Zonguldak, Turkey, and there is a strong correlation between air pollution and asthma symptoms. Allergy in the first-degree relatives, diagnosis of bronchitis and allergic rhinitis, age, and male gender are more important than the other factors in predicting asthma. Copyright © 2005, OceanSide Publications, Inc.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
[dc.date.accessioned]
2019-12-23
Açık Erişim Tarihi
[dc.date.available]
2019-12-23
Yayın Dili
[dc.language.iso]
eng
Haklar
[dc.rights]
info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
ISSN
[dc.identifier.issn]
1088-5412
İlk Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.startpage]
397
Son Sayfa Sayısı
[dc.identifier.endpage]
402
Dergi Adı
[dc.relation.journal]
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings
Dergi Sayısı
[dc.identifier.issue]
5
Dergi Cilt Bilgisi
[dc.identifier.volume]
26
Tek Biçim Adres
[dc.identifier.uri]
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12628/7161
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Şehir )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Ülke )
Görüntülenme Sayısı ( Zaman Dağılımı )
Görüntülenme
7
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
İndirme
1
09.12.2022 tarihinden bu yana
Son Erişim Tarihi
09 Şubat 2024 08:33
Google Kontrol
Tıklayınız
asthma between symptoms allergic prevalence rhinitis factors questionnaires completed diagnosis pollution particles suspended correlation Turkey bronchitis respectively gender levels Zonguldak predictors adjusted significant ratios years) Prevalence Allergy Publications OceanSide Copyright predicting important relatives first-degree strong
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

creativecommons
Bu site altında yer alan tüm kaynaklar Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.
Platforms