Genç, Ayten | Tosun, İbrahim
Article | 2002 | Separation Science and Technology37 ( 13 ) , pp.3053 - 3064
Results from the electrofiltration of anatase (TiO2) particles in a water suspension and using three different electrode configurations are presented. The three electrode configurations studied were spot, foil, and mesh. For the first two configurations, the electric field was perpendicular to the direction of flow while for the mesh configuration it was opposite to the direction of flow. The percent gain volume filtrate and power consumption were measured for each electrode configuration. For a given percent gain volume filtrate, it was observed that the foil electrode configuration consumes the least power.
Altın, Süreyya | Alemdar, Sonay | Altın, Ahmet | Yıldırım, Yılmaz
Article | 2011 | Separation Science and Technology46 ( 5 ) , pp.754 - 764
Selective removal of cadmium from wastewaters is very important, because cadmium is toxic for the environment and for human health. This work is a comprehensive study on the selective removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by using a co-current flow flat sheet supported liquid membrane system. 4.4 × 10-4M Cd(II) concentration was used as a feed solution in the experiments. Toluene containing Aliquat 336 was used as the membrane liquid in the membrane system. Parameters such as the properties of feed and stripping solutions, carrier concentration, and flow rate, which have roles in transport of Cd(II) ions, were optimized. The effi . . .ciency of the system is expressed in terms of permeability and flux values, and transport efficiency. The optimum process conditions for the Cd(II) transport are experimentally found as follows: The feed solution as 2 M HCl, the carrier concentration as 0.1 M Aliquat 336, the stripping solution as 0.06 M EDTA, and the flow rates for the feed and stripping solutions as 50 mL/min and 80 mL/min, respectively. Under these conditions, the Cd(II) transport efficiency is found to be 82%. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az
Yener J. | Kopac T. | Dogu G. | Dogu T.
Article | 2006 | Separation Science and Technology41 ( 9 ) , pp.1857 - 1879
Adsorption of Methylene Blue on clinoptilolite and on Amberlite XAD4 was investigated in a temperature range of 20-50°C, in a batch adsorber. Results of this work showed that clinoptilolite was a better sorbent than Amberlite XAD4 for the removal of Methylene Blue. Among the four adsorption rate models tested in the analysis of the adsorption rate data, a simple single parameter diffusion model (Model C) was shown as the best model to be used in practical applications. The diffusivity found from this model was not dependent on the adsorbate concentration. Although the pseudofirst order adsorption rate model also gave good agreement . . .with the experimental data obtained at the initial periods of the adsorption experiments, the concentration dependence of the rate constant of this model was found as the major disadvantage of this model. Results indicated that dissociative chemisorption and blocking of some of the pores during adsorption caused high tortuosity factors and a decrease in the adsorption rate. Adsorption capacity of these adsorbents were also found to be increased significantly by a decrease of the pH of the solution from 10 to 3 Daha fazlası Daha az