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Enhancement of temporal coherence via time-periodic coupling strength in a scale-free network of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2015 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics379 ( 26-27 ) , pp.1594 - 1599

We investigate the effects of time-periodic coupling strength on the temporal coherence or firing regularity of a scale-free network consisting of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley (H-H) neurons. The temporal coherence exhibits a resonance-like behavior depending on the cell size or the channel noise intensity. The best temporal coherence requires an optimal channel noise intensity, and this coherence can be significantly increased by time-periodic coupling strength when its frequency matches the integer multiples of the intrinsic subthreshold oscillation frequency of H-H neuron. Particularly, we find the multiple-coherence resonance depend . . .ing on frequency of time-periodic coupling strength at the optimal noise intensity. We also obtain a resonance-like dependence of temporal coherence on the amplitude of time-periodic coupling strength. Additionally, we investigate the effects of average degree on the temporal coherence and find that the temporal coherence exhibits a resonance-like behavior with respect to the network average degree, indicating that the best regularity requires an optimal average degree. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of channel noise on the time-course of recovery from inactivation of sodium channels

Özer, Mahmut | Ekmekçi, N. Hakan

Article | 2005 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics338 ( 2 ) , pp.150 - 154

Ion channel noise that stems from the stochastic nature of the channel has important effects on neuronal dynamics. In this context, we examine the effect of the channel noise on the time-course of recovery from inactivation of sodium channels by using a stochastic extension of the Hodgkin-Huxley model. We show that the channel noise provides both some amount of the non-inactivated channels and a smaller time-course for recovering from inactivation leading to an increased maximal sodium conductance compared to deterministic one. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Stochastic resonance on Newman-Watts networks of Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with local periodic driving

Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž | Uzuntarla, Muhammet

Article | 2009 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics373 ( 10 ) , pp.964 - 968

We study the phenomenon of stochastic resonance on Newman-Watts small-world networks consisting of biophysically realistic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with a tunable intensity of intrinsic noise via voltage-gated ion channels embedded in neuronal membranes. Importantly thereby, the subthreshold periodic driving is introduced to a single neuron of the network, thus acting as a pacemaker trying to impose its rhythm on the whole ensemble. We show that there exists an optimal intensity of intrinsic ion channel noise by which the outreach of the pacemaker extends optimally across the whole network. This stochastic resonance phenomenon can be . . .further amplified via fine-tuning of the small-world network structure, and depends significantly also on the coupling strength among neurons and the driving frequency of the pacemaker. In particular, we demonstrate that the noise-induced transmission of weak localized rhythmic activity peaks when the pacemaker frequency matches the intrinsic frequency of subthreshold oscillations. The implications of our findings for weak signal detection and information propagation across neural networks are discussed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Collective firing regularity of a scale-free Hodgkin-Huxley neuronal network in response to a subthreshold signal

Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2013 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics377 ( 18 ) , pp.1301 - 1307

We consider a scale-free network of stochastic HH neurons driven by a subthreshold periodic stimulus and investigate how the collective spiking regularity or the collective temporal coherence changes with the stimulus frequency, the intrinsic noise (or the cell size), the network average degree and the coupling strength. We show that the best temporal coherence is obtained for a certain level of the intrinsic noise when the frequencies of the external stimulus and the subthreshold oscillations of the network elements match. We also find that the collective regularity exhibits a resonance-like behavior depending on both the coupling . . .strength and the network average degree at the optimal values of the stimulus frequency and the cell size, indicating that the best temporal coherence also requires an optimal coupling strength and an optimal average degree of the connectivity. © 2013 Elsevier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Inverse stochastic resonance induced by synaptic background activity with unreliable synapses

Uzuntarla, Muhammet

Article | 2013 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics377 ( 38 ) , pp.2585 - 2589

Inverse stochastic resonance (ISR) is a recently pronounced phenomenon that is the minimum occurrence in mean firing rate of a rhythmically firing neuron as noise level varies. Here, by using a realistic modeling approach for the noise, we investigate the ISR with concrete biophysical mechanisms. It is shown that mean firing rate of a single neuron subjected to synaptic bombardment exhibits a minimum as the spike transmission probability varies. We also demonstrate that the occurrence of ISR strongly depends on the synaptic input regime, where it is most prominent in the balanced state of excitatory and inhibitory inputs. © 2013 Els . . .evier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Frequency-dependent information coding in neurons with stochastic ion channels for subthreshold periodic forcing

Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2006 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics354 ( 4 ) , pp.258 - 263

The channel noise that stems from the stochastic nature of the ion channel has important effects on neuronal dynamics. In this context, we investigate the effect of the sub-threshold periodic current forcing on the regularity and synchronization of neuronal spiking activity by using a stochastic extension of the Hodgkin-Huxley model. We demonstrate that the intrinsic coherence resonance is independent of the forcing frequency for very small patch size while it is dependent on the frequency for larger sizes. We also show that the observed phase locking behavior occurs on the positive phase of the periodic current forcing for a small . . .frequency range while the spikes fire most frequently at negative phase as the frequency is increased. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Collective temporal coherence for subthreshold signal encoding on a stochastic small-world Hodgkin-Huxley neuronal network

Özer, Mahmut | Uzuntarla, Muhammet | Kayıkcıoğlu, Temel | Graham, Lyle J.

Article | 2008 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics372 ( 43 ) , pp.6498 - 6503

We study the collective temporal coherence of a small-world network of coupled stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons. Previous reports have shown that network coherence in response to a subthreshold periodic stimulus, thus subthreshold signal encoding, is maximal for a specific range of the fraction of randomly added shortcuts relative to all possible shortcuts, p, added to an initially locally connected network. We investigated this behavior further as a function of channel noise, stimulus frequency and coupling strength. We show that temporal coherence peaks when the frequency of the external stimulus matches that of the intrinsic sub . . .threshold oscillations. We also find that large values of the channel noise, corresponding to small cell sizes, increases coherence for optimal values of the stimulus frequency and the topology parameter p. For smaller values of the channel noise, thus larger cell sizes, network coherence becomes insensitive to these parameters. Finally, the degree of coupling between neurons in the network modulates the sensitivity of coherence to topology, such that for stronger coupling the peak coherence is achieved with fewer added short cuts. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of the sub-threshold periodic current forcing on the regularity and the synchronization of neuronal spiking activity

Özer, Mahmut | Uzuntarla, Muhammet | Ağaoğlu, Şükrüye Nihal

Article | 2006 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics360 ( 1 ) , pp.135 - 140

We first investigate the amplitude effect of the subthreshold periodic forcing on the regularity of the spiking events by using the coefficient of variation of interspike intervals. We show that the resonance effect in the coefficient of variation, which is dependent on the driving frequency for larger membrane patch sizes, disappears when the amplitude of the subthreshold forcing is decreased. Then, we demonstrate that the timings of the spiking events of a noisy and periodically driven neuron concentrate on a specific phase of the stimulus. We also show that increasing the intensity of the noise causes the phase probability densit . . .y of the spiking events to get smaller values, and eliminates differences in the phase locking behavior of the neuron for different patch sizes. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Dynamic dielectric response of a quantum wire superlattice in interaction with a nonlocal host medium

Ayaz Y.

Article | 2009 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics373 ( 43 ) , pp.3982 - 3988

We study nonlocality effects of a bulk plasmalike dielectric medium on the plasmon spectrum of a one-dimensional (1D) quantum wire superlattice in interaction with the 3D nonlocal host bulk plasma, by carrying out a closed-form analytic determination of the inverse dielectric function ? for the joint nanostructure system within the random phase approximation (RPA), in which we treat nonlocality of the 1D superlattice in the RPA and that of the bulk medium in the hydrodynamic model. By examining the frequency poles of ? (i.e., the dispersions relations), we show analytically that coupled plasmon modes of the interacting 1D superlatti . . .ce-3D nonlocal host are damped in high frequencies (damping is pronounced near resonance region) and that nonlocality of the host medium introduces nonlocal low frequency (real) modes into the spectrum, which have cutoff frequencies for finite wave vector values. In order to describe the impact of nonlocality effects more clearly, we also examine the spectrum numerically. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az


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