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Relationship of mast cell density with lymphangiogenesis and prognostic parameters in breast carcinoma

Keser S.H. | Kandemir N.O. | Ece D. | Gecmen G.G. | Gul A.E. | Barisik N.O. | Sensu S.

Article | 2017 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences33 ( 4 ) , pp.171 - 180

In many cancers, mast cell density (MCD) in the tumor microenvironment is associated with tumor progression and, to a greater extent, angiogenesis. Our study was designed to investigate the correlation between MCD, tumor lymphangiogenesis, and several well-established prognostic parameters in breast cancer. One hundred and four cases of invasive breast carcinoma diagnosed in our clinic between 2007 and 2011 were included. Mast cells and lymphatic vessels were stained with toluidine blue and D2-40, respectively, and their densities were calculated in various areas of tumors and lymph nodes. The variables of MCD and lymphatic vessel d . . .ensity (LVD) were compared using prognostic parameters as well as with each other. As tumor size and volume increased, MCD increased comparably in metastatic lymph nodes; intratumoral and peritumoral LVD also increased. Lymphovascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, perineural invasion, and estrogen receptor positivity were positively related to intratumoral MCD. The relationship between peritumoral MCD and nontumoral breast tissue MCD was statistically significant. Stage was correlated with MCD in metastatic lymph nodes. Metastatic lymph node MCD and intratumoral MCD were also significantly related. Stage, lymphatic invasion, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, and metastatic lymph node MCD were all correlated with intratumoral and/or peritumoral LVD. As nuclear grade increased, intratumoral LVD became higher. In breast carcinoma, MCD, depending on its location, was related to several prognostic parameters. Notably, mast cells may have at least some effect on lymphangiogenesis, which appears to be a predictor of tumor progression. © 201 Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of fentanyl-lidocaine-propofol and dexmedetomidine-lidocaine- propofol on tracheal intubation without use of muscle relaxants

Hanci V. | Erdogan G. | Okyay R.D. | Yurtlu B.S. | Ayoglu H. | Baydilek Y. | Turan I.O.

Article | 2010 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences26 ( 5 ) , pp.244 - 250

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of fentanyl or dexmedetomidine when used in combination with propofol and lidocaine for tracheal intubation without using muscle relaxants. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists stage I risk were randomized to receive 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine (Group D, n = 30) or 2 µg/kg fentanyl (Group F, n = 30), both in combination with 1.5 mg/kg lidocaine and 3 mg/kg propofol. The requirement for intubation was determined based on mask ventilation capability, jaw motility, position of the vocal cords and the patient's response to intubation and inflation of the endotracheal tube . . . cuff. Systolic arterial pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation values were also recorded. Rate pressure products were calculated. Jaw relaxation, position of the vocal cords and patient's response to intubation and inflation of the endotracheal tube cuff were significantly better in Group D than in Group F (p < 0.05). The intubation conditions were significantly more satisfactory in Group D than in Group F (p = 0.01). Heart rate was significantly lower in Group D than in Group F after the administration of the study drugs and intubation (p < 0.05). Mean arterial pressure was significantly lower in Group F than in Group D after propofol injection and at 3 and 5 minutes after intubation (p < 0.05). After intubation, the rate pressure product values were significantly lower in Group D than in Group F (p < 0.05). We conclude that endotracheal intubation was better with the dexmedetomidine-lidocaine-propofol combination than with the fentanyl-lidocaine-propofol combination. However, side effects such as bradycardia should be considered when using dexmedetomidine. © 2010 Elsevier. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The evaluation of renal cortical density in urinary stone disease by unenhanced helical computed tomography

Tokgöz Ö. | Voyvoda N. | Tokgöz H.

Letter | 2014 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences30 ( 1 ) , pp.244 - 250

[No abstract available]

Effect of the endothelin receptor antagonist tezosentan on alpha-naphthylthiourea-induced lung injury in rats

Atalay F. | Yurdakan G. | Yilmaz-Sipahi E.

Article | 2012 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences28 ( 2 ) , pp.72 - 78

Acute lung injury is an inflammatory syndrome that increases the permeability of the blood-gas barrier, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Despite intensive research, treatment options remain limited. We investigated the protective efficacy of tezosentan, a novel, dual endothelin receptor antagonist, in an experimental model of alpha-naphthylthiourea (ANTU)-induced acute lung injury in rats. ANTU was intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected into rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg. Tezosentan was injected 30 minutes before ANTU was subcutaneously (s.c.) injected at doses of 2, 10, or 30 mg/kg, 60 minutes before ANTU was injected at doses of . . . 2, 10, or 30 mg/kg (i.p.), and 90 minutes before ANTU at a dose of 10 mg/kg (i.p.). Four hours later, the lung weight/body weight (LW/BW) ratio and pleural effusion (PE) were measured. When injected 30 minutes before ANTU at doses of 2, 10, or 30 mg/kg (s.c.), tezosentan had no effect on lung pathology. When injected 60 minutes before ANTU at doses of 2, 10, or 30 mg/kg (i.p.) or 90 minutes before ANTU (10 mg/kg, i.p.), tezosentan significantly decreased the PE/BW ratio and had a prophylactic effect on PE formation at all doses. Therefore, tezosentan may attenuate lung injury. Furthermore, its acute and inhibitory effects on fluid accumulation were more effective in the pleural cavity than in the interstitial compartment in this experimental model. © 2011, Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of low-flow anesthesia education on knowledge, attitude and behavior of the anesthesia team

Hanci V. | Yurtlu S. | Ayoglu H. | Okyay R.D. | Erdogan G. | Abduşoglu M. | Sayin E.

Article | 2010 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences26 ( 8 ) , pp.415 - 421

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of education on the knowledge, attitude and behavior of anesthesiology staff and residents towards low-flow anesthesia. The staff and residents in the Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Zonguldak Karaelmas University were given theoretical and practical training in delivering low-flow anesthesia. To evaluate their attitudes and behaviors toward low-flow anesthesia, we collected data during the 6 months before training, during the first 3 months after training, and at 4-6 months after training. Anesthesia follow-up records, operation time, volatile anesthetic agent used, and the . . . amount (in liters) of fresh gas low mid-anesthesia were recorded in all three stages. A total of 3,158 patients received general anesthesia and inhalation anesthesia was used in 3,115 of these patients. Our study group consisted of 2,752 patients who had no absolute or relative contraindications to low-flow anesthesia. While the mean fresh gas flow was 4.00 ± 0.00 L/min before training, this level dropped to 2.98 L/min in the first 3 months after training, and to 3.26 L/min in the following 3 months. The mean fresh gas flow was significantly lower at the two post-training assessments than before training (p < 0.05). In conclusion, low-flow anesthesia may be used more frequently if educational seminars are provided to anesthetists. The use of low-flow anesthesia may increase further by allocating more time to this technique in anesthesia training programs provided at regular intervals. © 2010 Elsevier. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Intraobserver and Interobserver Variability of Fuhrman and Modified Fuhrman Grading Systems for Conventional Renal Cell Carcinoma

Bektas S. | Bahadir B. | Kandemir N.O. | Barut F. | Gul A.E. | Ozdamar S.O.

Article | 2009 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences25 ( 11 ) , pp.596 - 600

The Fuhrman nuclear grade is the most widely used grading system for renal cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraobserver and interobserver variability of the Fuhrman and modified Fuhrman grading systems for conventional renal cell carcinoma. In this study, five pathologists independently classified 110 cases of conventional renal cell carcinoma according to the Fuhrman and modified (three- and two-tiered) Fuhrman grading systems. The intraobserver and interobserver variability of these systems were assessed using ? statistics. The associations between the Fuhrman and modified Fuhrman grades, pathologic stag . . .e and tumor size were determined by correlation analysis. The intraobserver and interobserver combined mean ? values for four-tiered Fuhrman grading were 0.48 and 0.41, respectively. The highest agreement was detected in two-tiered modification (including grades 1 + 2 and 3 + 4); the intraobserver and inter-observer combined mean ? values were 0.67 and 0.62, respectively. Correlations between pathologic stage and tumor size with two-tiered modification (including grades 1 + 2 and 3 + 4) were greater than those in three- and four-tiered Fuhrman grading. Collapsing the Fuhrman grading into a two-tiered scheme improved the intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility. © 2009 Elsevier Daha fazlası Daha az

Dexmedetomidine did not reduce the effects of tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion injury during general anesthesia

Bostankolu E. | Ayoglu H. | Yurtlu S. | Okyay R.D. | Erdogan G. | Deniz Y. | Hanci V.

Article | 2013 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences29 ( 2 ) , pp.75 - 81

Ischemia reperfusion injury causes the release of free oxygen radicals. Free oxygen radicals initiate the production of toxic metabolites, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), through the lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes. Following lipid peroxidation, the antioxidant enzyme system is activated against reactive oxygen species (ROS) and attempts to protect cells from oxidative damage. There is a balance between the scavenging capacity of antioxidant enzymes and ROS. Because of this balance, the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) measurement is a sensitive indicator of the overall protective effects of the antioxidants. Alpha2 receptor . . . agonists are effective in preventing hemodynamic reactions during extremity surgeries by preventing the release of catecholamines secondary to tourniquet application. They have also been shown to possess preventive effects in various ischemia-reperfusion injury models. In our study, we examined the effects of dexmedetomidine on tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion injury in lower extremity surgeries performed under general anesthesia. The effects of dexmedetomidine were measured with serum MDA and TAC levels. We studied 60 adult American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II patients undergoing one-sided lower extremity surgery with tourniquet. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group D was administered a dexmedetomidine infusion at a rate of 0.1 µg/kg/minute -1 for 10 minutes prior to induction and then at 0.7 µg/kg/hour-1 until 10 minutes before the end of the operation. The control group (Group C) received a saline infusion of the same amount and for the same period of time. General anesthesia was induced with thiopental, fentanyl, and rocuronium and maintained with nitrous oxide and sevoflurane in both groups. Venous blood samples were obtained before the administration of the study drugs (basal) at 1 minute before tourniquet release and at 5 and 20 minutes after tourniquet release (ATR). In both groups, MDA levels decreased at 5 and 20 minutes ATR when compared with the basal values (p < 0.05). TAC levels decreased at 1 and 5 minutes ATR and then returned to basal values at 20 minutes ATR (p < 0.05). In reference to the prevention of lipid peroxidation in tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion injury, the results from the two groups in our study showed that dexmedetomidine did not have an additional protective role during routine general anesthesia. Copyright © 2012, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The presence of oxidized low-density lipoprotein and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in renal damage after intestinal ischemia reperfusion

Yurdakan G. | Tekin I.O. | Comert M. | Acikgoz S. | Sipahi E.Y.

Article | 2012 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences28 ( 1 ) , pp.16 - 22

Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is a complex phenomenon that causes destruction of both local and remote tissues. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible participation of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in renal tissue damage after intestinal I/R. The superior mesenteric artery was blocked for 30 minutes, followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. At the end of the reperfusion period, renal tissues were removed; the presence of oxLDL, superoxide dismutase enzyme activity, malondialdehyde levels, and iNOS expression were evaluated. I/R resulted in po . . .sitive oxLDL staining in renal tissue. Compared with control rats, tissue from the I/R group showed significantly higher malondialdehyde levels and lower superoxide dismutase enzyme activity. Strong and diffuse iNOS expression was present in the I/R group. Our findings support the hypothesis that I/R of intestinal tissue results in oxidative and nitrosative stress and enhances lipid peroxidation in the end organ. These data show that oxLDL accumulates in rat renal tissue after intestinal I/R. Antioxidant strategies may provide organ protection in patients with reperfusion injury, at least by affecting interactions with free radicals, nitric oxide, and oxLDL. This study demonstrates for the first time that oxLDL may play a role in renal tissue damage after intestinal I/R. Antioxidant strategies may be beneficial for protection from reperfusion injury. © 2011, Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Clinical characterization of patients with macroprolactinemia and monomeric hyperprolactinemia

Can M. | Guven B. | Atmaca H. | Ackgoz S. | Mungan G.

Article | 2011 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences27 ( 5 ) , pp.173 - 176

Macroprolactinemia is often a cause of misdiagnosis, unnecessary expensive investigation, and unsuitable treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical findings and the concentrations of macroprolactin in patients with hyperprolactinemia in our region. Eighty-four female hyperprolactinemic patients were screened for macroprolactinemia. Prolactin was measured by chemiluminesans method on an Immulite 2000 analyzer (Siemens Health Diagnostics, Deerfield, IL, USA). Recoveries less than or equal to 40% after polyethylene glycol precipitation were indicative of macroprolactinemia. Clinical features and biochemical . . . values were compared in true hyperprolactinemic and macroprolactinemic patients. Macroprolactinemia was detected in 31 patients (36.9%), with 84 hyperprolactinemic female patients. There was no difference in frequency of galactorrhea and oligomenorrhea/ amenorrhea between the two groups. When we evaluated the clinical features of patients according to prolactin levels, no significant difference was found between the groups. In conclusion, our initial data show that no clinical features could reliably differentiate macroprolactinemic from true hyperprolactinemic patients, but at least one of these symptoms was present in most macroprolactinemic patients. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

The cutoff level of free/total prostate specific antigen (f/t PSA) ratios in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: A validation study on a Turkish patient population in different age categories

Erol B. | Gulpinar M.T. | Bozdogan G. | Ozkanli S. | Onem K. | Mungan G. | Bektas S.

Article | 2014 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences30 ( 11 ) , pp.545 - 550

We investigated an optimal cutoff level of free/total PSA ratios (f/t PSA) in predicting prostate cancer in different age groups, focusing on the avoidance of unnecessary prostate biopsies. A total of 4955 men were enrolled into the study. Serum tPSA, fPSA, and f/t PSA ratios were determined for the study population. All males who had suspicious digital rectal examination and tPSA > 4 ng/mL underwent transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for each group were generated by plotting the sensitivity versus 1-specificity for the f/t PSA ratio. The sensitivity, specificity, posit . . .ive likelihood ratio (PLR), and negative likelihood ratio (NLR) were obtained using various f/t PSA ratio cutoffs for different age groups. There were 657 patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/mL. According to sensitivity and specificity f/t% PSA cutoff points were determined to be 10%, 15%, 15%, and 10% in 50-59 years, 60-69 years, >70 years, and all ages categories, respectively, in patients with initial PSA level of 4-10 ng/mL. f/t PSA ratio had an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.81 (95% confidence level: 0.80-0.82) for all age groups in detecting prostate cancer. f/t PSA ratio has an AUC value of 0.669 (0.632-0.705) in detecting prostate cancer among patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/mL. Ten percent of f/t PSA ratio had the highest specificity with PLR and 30% f/t PSA ratio had the highest sensitivity with lower NLR in the all-age categories. The current study shows that the use of f/t PSA ratio in patients with PSA levels of 4-10 ng/mL should enhance the specificity of PSA screening and decrease the number of unnecessary biopsies. The age-related changes warrant further investigation in a large, multicentric, and multinational population to improve the clinical use of f/t PSA cutoffs. © 2014, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of ghrelin on inflammatory response in lung contusion

Guven B. | Gokce M. | Saydam O. | Can M. | Bektas S. | Yurtlu S.

Article | 2013 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences29 ( 2 ) , pp.69 - 74

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ghrelin on inflammatory response and tissue damage following trauma-induced acute lung injury. Thirty male wistar albino rats (300-400 g) were randomly assigned into three groups: control group (n = 6), lung contusion plus saline (saline-treated, n = 12), and lung contusion plus ghrelin (ghrelin-treated, n = 12). Saline- or ghrelin-treated traumatic rats were sacrificed at two time points (24 and 72 hours) after lung contusion. Blood was collected for the analysis of serum adenosine deaminase (ADA). Tissue transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) and matrix metalloprotein . . .ase-2 (MMP-2) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and histopathological examination was performed on the lung tissue samples. Our results indicated that ghrelin significantly reduced morphologic damages. Serum ADA activities were significantly decreased after lung contusion and this decline started early with ghrelin treatment. TGF-ß1 and MMP-2 levels in lung tissue were elevated at 72 hours after lung contusion and treatment with ghrelin significantly increased TGF-ß1 level and reduced MMP-2 level. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that acute lung injury initiated proinflammatory responses and ghrelin administration showed an anti-inflammatory effect in lung contusion. Copyright © 2012, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Low-power holmium:YAG laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture disease: Comparison of outcomes with the cold-knife technique

Atak M. | Tokgöz H. | Akduman B. | Erol B. | Dönmez I. | Hanc V. | Türksoy O.

Article | 2011 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences27 ( 11 ) , pp.503 - 507

In this prospective randomized clinical trial, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endourethrotomy with holmium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (HO:YAG) laser and compare the outcomes with the conventional cold-knife urethrotomy. Fifty-one male patients with single, iatrogenic, annular strictures of the urethra were randomly divided into two groups; 21 patients who underwent direct-vision endoscopic urethrotomy with Ho:YAG laser (15 W; 1,200-1,400 mJ; 8-12 Hz) at 12 o'clock position (laser group) and 30 patients who underwent direct-vision endoscopic urethrotomy with cold-knife incision at 12 o'clock position (cold-knife group) . . .. The results obtained were analyzed and compared at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months postoperatively by clinical evaluation, uroflowmetry, and retrograde urethrographies. Variables were compared among groups using Fisher's exact and Mann Whitney U tests. There were no differences between two groups in terms of patient age, preoperative Qmax value, stricture location, and length. Operative time was shorter in laser group (16.4 ± 8.04 minutes) when compared with cold-knife group (23.8 ± 5.47 minutes) (p < 0.001). Recurrence-free rate at 3 months was similar between two groups (p = 0.122). However, recurrence-free rates at 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months were significantly higher in laser group when compared with cold-knife group (p values were 0.045, 0.027, and 0.04, respectively). No intra- or postoperative complications were encountered. Use of Ho:YAG laser in the management of urethral stricture disease is a safe and effective method. In addition, it provides shorter operative time and lower recurrence rate when compared with the conventional technique. © 2011, Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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