Controlling the spontaneous spiking regularity via channel blocking on Newman-Watts networks of Hodgkin-Huxley neurons

Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž | Uzuntarla, Muhammet

Article | 2009 | EPL86 ( 4 )

We investigate the regularity of spontaneous spiking activity on Newman-Watts small-world networks consisting of biophysically realistic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with a tunable intensity of intrinsic noise and fraction of blocked voltage-gated sodium and potassium ion channels embedded in neuronal membranes. We show that there exists an optimal fraction of shortcut links between physically distant neurons, as well as an optimal intensity of intrinsic noise, which warrant an optimally ordered spontaneous spiking activity. This doubly coherence resonance-like phenomenon depends significantly on, and can be controlled via, the fraction o . . .f closed sodium and potassium ion channels, whereby the impacts can be understood via the analysis of the firing rate function as well as the deterministic system dynamics. Potential biological implications of our findings for information propagation across neural networks are also discussed. © EPLA, 2009 Daha fazlası Daha az

Can scale-freeness offset delayed signal detection in neuronal networks?

Uzun, Rukiye | Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2014 | EPL105 ( 6 )

First-spike latency following stimulus onset is of significant physiological relevance. Neurons transmit information about their inputs by transforming them into spike trains, and the timing of these spike trains is in turn crucial for effectively encoding that information. Random processes and uncertainty that underly neuronal dynamics have been shown to prolong the time towards the first response in a phenomenon dubbed noise-delayed decay. Here we study whether Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with a tunable intensity of intrinsic noise might have shorter response times to external stimuli just above threshold if placed on a scale-free netw . . .ork. We show that the heterogeneity of the interaction network may indeed eradicate slow responsiveness, but only if the coupling between individual neurons is sufficiently strong. Increasing the average degree also favors a fast response, but it is less effective than increasing the coupling strength. We also show that noise-delayed decay can be offset further by adjusting the frequency of the external signal, as well as by blocking a fraction of voltage-gated sodium or potassium ion channels. For certain conditions, we observe a double peak in the response time depending on the intensity of intrinsic noise, indicating competition between local and global effects on the neuronal dynamics. © Copyright EPLA, 2014 Daha fazlası Daha az

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