Filtreler
Effects of acceptor phase and donor phase properties on sodium ions transport from aqueous solutions using liquid membrane systems

Altın, Süreyya | Demircioğlu, Nuhi | Peker, İbrahim | Altın, Ahmet

Article | 2007 | Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects306 ( 1-3 SPEC. ISS. ) , pp.14 - 21

In this study, the effects of the acceptor phase and the donor phase properties on sodium ion transport were examined in bulk liquid membrane systems. In the experiments, toluene and a mixture of toluene-dichloromethane (90-10%, v/v) containing 1 × 10-3 M DB18C6 (dibenzo18crown6) was used as the membrane. In order to examine the effects of different the acceptor phases, firstly H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, CH3COOH and distilled water were used as the acceptor phases. Furthermore, the experiments were performed by using various acid concentrations such as 2, 0.2 and 0.02 M of acids, as the acceptor phase. In the second part of the study, the ef . . .fect of donor phase on sodium ion transport was examined. For this examination, Na2SO4, NaNO3, NaOH and NaCl were applied. In order to determine the effect of the donor phase concentration, the experimentation was performed using 1.08 × 10-2, 2.17 × 10-2, 3.26 × 10-2 and 4.34 × 10-2 M concentrations of Na+ in form of NaCl. Finally, nonsteady-state kinetics was applied on all data obtained from the experiments and reaction constants (k1, k2, and k3) and the values of the Rmax, tmax, k1/k2 were calculated. Consequently, it was determined that the type and the concentration of the acceptor phase and the donor phase solutions were significant for transport efficiency in liquid membrane systems. The most efficient transport was obtained by applying 2 M H2SO4 and 2.17 × 10-2 M Na+ in form of NaCl. Besides, It was observed that there was a significant effect of the anion attached to the cation on transport efficiency. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of pH and temperature on the adsorption of bovine serum albumin onto titanium dioxide

Kopac T. | Bozgeyik K. | Yener J.

Article | 2008 | Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects322 ( 01.Mar ) , pp.19 - 28

The effects of pH and temperature on the equilibrium and the kinetics of bovine serum albumin (BSA) adsorption onto titanium dioxide (TiO2) were investigated. Adsorption rate and equilibrium experiments were carried out at pH conditions of 4, 5, 10 and in a temperature range of 20-40 °C. Adsorption rate was increased with decreasing pH and increasing temperature. The Langmuir isotherm constants corresponding to adsorption capacity, Q0, were 35.8, 40.0 and 42.6 mg/g for 20, 30 and 40 °C and pH 4; and 24.5, 29.1 and 33.4 mg/g for 20, 30, 40 °C and pH 5, respectively. The BSA adsorption capacities of TiO2 were higher for pH 4 at 40 °C. . . . Adsorption of BSA on TiO2 at different pH and temperatures was found to be first order kinetics. At pH 4, k1 has values of 0.018 and 0.019 min-1 at 20 and 40 °C, respectively. For pH 5, k1 is 0.013 min-1 at 20 °C and 0.019 min-1 at 40 °C. The first order rate constants are higher at pH 4 than the values at pH 5. Higher values of the adsorption rate constants at pH 4, could be due to the change of pore structure of TiO2 or denaturation by conformational change of BSA with increasing pH. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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