Ottoman-Russion Struggle for Power Over Wallachia and Moldavia from The Treaty of Kaynarca Until The Treaty of Yas

Yuksel, Sinan

Article | 2019 | BELLETEN83 ( 297 )

Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca was one that changed all balances for the benefit of Russia and paved the way for the accretion of Crimean Dynasty. In addition, this treaty was qualified enough to be able to rise the influence of Russia in Wallachia and Moldavia. After the implementation of treaty, Russia and the Ottoman Empire began to struggle for power over Crimea and then,regions of Wallachia and Moldavia. By having annexed Crimea in 1783, Russia removed the most important obstacle for expansion towards the Black Sea and the Balkans. The regions of Wallachia and Moldavia became more important for two empires afterwards. While Russia wa . . .s trying to increase its influence by assigning a consul in the region, the Ottoman Empire, being unable to prevent it meantime, tried to disallow the decrease of its power over region by closely following the activities of Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, and Russian Consulate. However, the activities of Russian Consulate there and the precedence of Russia in wars held between two empires gradually led the increase of Russian influence over the regions of Wallachia and Moldavia Daha fazlası Daha az

The Young Khivans Movement and the Political Events in Khiva Khanate

Hatunoglu, Nurettin

Article | 2015 | BELLETEN79 ( 285 )

Hive Khanate was an important agent of the fragmented political structure of the post-Timirud era in the Turkestan. Hive Khanate of Western Turkestan lands that was occupied by Russia became mandate of Russia in the 1873. Reformist Jadidism movement in the Turkestan, initially focused on reforms in education and culture anf after technical, social and political reforms and naturally the movement also influenced Hive Khanate. Democratic movements in the Islamic world influenced Jadidism movement in the Turkestan experienced to strong effects of risings of 1905 and 1907 in the Russia. With the influence of Jon Turks (Young Ottomans) m . . .ovement of Ottomans, the movement in Turkestan get Young Khivans name and the Young Khivans movement under the effect of Bolshevik started to become a politically oriented revolutionist movement. Their main purposes was to establish a democratic state while getting rid of oppression of Tsardom of Russia. Thus, to realize their aim they wanted to help of the Bolsheviks that changed the course of the movement. The Red Army for actualizing so-called popular revolution idea of Young Khivans movement, invaded Hive in 1920 and the Army ended up Khanate regime and soon established People's Republic of Khrorezm under the control of Committee of Revolutionary Young Khivans. However, Soviets disallowed the independence of the regime, afterwards Soviets disbanded the People's Republic of Khrorezm in the 1924, thus Young Khivans movement could not realize their main goals Daha fazlası Daha az

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