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Yayıncı [2]
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Treatment of severe amitriptyline intoxication with plasmapheresis

Kolsal, Ebru | Tekin, İshak Özel | Pişkin, Etem | Aydemir, Cumhur | Akyüz, Mehmet | Çabuk, Hasan | Eldes, Nilüfer | Numanoğlu, Kemal Varın

Article | 2009 | Journal of Clinical Apheresis24 ( 1 ) , pp.21 - 24

Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is one of the most common causes of serious intoxication. Here, we report a 2-year-old girl with severe amitriptyline (70 mg/kg) intoxication. She was in comatose, had generalized tonic clonic seizure, ventricular tachycardia, and wide QRS complexes. Although she did not respond to classical therapies, very good clinical response to plasmapheresis was obtained and she developed no complications. Thus, plasmapheresis may be an effective treatment modality in poisoning with drugs, which bind to plasma proteins with high affinity. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial activity of metal nanoparticles embedded into amphiphilic comb-type graft copolymers

Kalaycı, Özlem A. | Cömert, Füsun B. | Hazer, Baki | Atalay, Turgay | Cavicchi, Kevin A. | Çakmak, Mükerrem

Article | 2010 | Polymer Bulletin65 ( 3 ) , pp.215 - 226

The synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and antimicrobial efficiency of gold and silver nanoparticles embedded in novel amphiphilic comb-type graft copolymers having good film-forming properties have been described. Amphiphilic comb-type graft copolymers were synthesized by the reaction of chlorinated polypropylene (PP) (Mw = 140,000 Da) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) (Mn = 2,000 Da) at different molar ratios. Metal nanoparticles embedded graft copolymers were prepared by reducing solutions of the salts of silver or gold and the copolymer in tetrahydrofuran. The optical properties of the metal nanoparticle embedded copolymers . . . were determined by using UV-visible spectroscopy. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the gold and silver nanoparticle embedded copolymers in toluene was observed at a maximum wavelength (?max) of 428 and 551 nm in the UV-VIS absorption spectra, respectively. The average particle diameters of the gold and silver nanoparticles were found to be 50 nm from the high resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Amphiphilic polymer films containing silver and gold nanoparticles were found to be highly antimicrobial by virtue of their antiseptic properties to Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. © Springer-Verlag 2009 Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and characterization of polymeric soybean oil-g-methyl methacrylate (and n-butyl methacrylate) graft copolymers: Biocompatibility and bacterial adhesion

Çakmaklı, Birten | Hazer, Baki | Tekin, İshak Özel | Cömert-Beğendik, Füsun

Article | 2005 | Biomacromolecules6 ( 3 ) , pp.1750 - 1758

Peroxidation, epoxidation, and/or perepoxidation reactions of soybean oil under air at room temperature resulted in cross-linked polymeric soybean oil peroxides on the surface along with the waxy soluble part, sPSB, with a molecular weight of 4690, containing up to 2.3 wt % peroxide. This soluble polymeric oil peroxide, sPSB, initiated the free radical polymerization of either methyl methacrylate (MMA) or n-butyl methacrylate (nBMA) to give PSB-g-PMMA and PSB-g-PnBMA graft copolymers. The polymers obtained were characterized by 1H NMR, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography t . . .echniques. Polymeric oil as a plasticizer lowered the glass transition of the PSB-g-PMMA graft copolymers. PSB-g-PMMA and PSB-g-PnBMA graft copolymer film samples were also used in cell culture studies. Fibroblast and macrophage cells were strongly adhered and spread on the copolymer film surfaces, which is important in tissue engineering. Bacterial adhesion on PSB-g-PMMA graft copolymer was also studied. Both Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli adhered on the graft copolymer better than on homo-PMMA. Furthermore, the latter adhered much better than the former. © 2005 American Chemical Society Daha fazlası Daha az

Polymeric linoleic acid-polyolefin conjugates: Cell adhesion and biocompatibility

Çakmaklı, Birten | Hazer, Baki | Tekin, İshak Özel | Açıkgöz, Şerefden | Can, Murat

Article | 2007 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society84 ( 1 ) , pp.73 - 81

To diversify edible-oil polymer composite, polymeric linoleic acid (PLina) peroxide was obtained by the auto-oxidation of linoleic acid in a simple way for use as a macroinitiator in free radical polymerization of vinyl monomers. Peroxidation, epoxidation, and/or perepoxidation reactions of linoleic acid under air at room temperature resulted in PLina, having soluble fraction more than 91 weight percent (wt%), with molecular weight ranging from 1,644 to 2,763 Da, and containing up to 1.0 wt% of peroxide. PLina initiated the free radical polymerization of ether styrene (S), methyl methacrylate (MMA), or n-butyl methacrylate (nBMA) to . . . give PLina-g-polystyrene (PS), PLina-g-poly-MMA (PMMA), and PLina-g-poly- nBMA (PnBMA) graft copolymers. The polymers obtained were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) techniques. Microstructure of the graft copolymers was observed by using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Graft copolymers obtained contained polymeric linoleic acid in a range between 8.5 and 19.3 mol percent (mol%). PLina-g-PS, PLina-g-PMMA and PLina-g-PnBMA graft copolymer samples were also used in cell culture studies. Fibroblast and macrophage cells were strongly adhered and spread on the copolymer film surfaces. These newly synthesized copolymers were tested for their effects on human blood protein adsorption compared with PMMA graft copolymers containing polymeric soybean oil and polymeric linseed oil; interestingly we observed a dramatic decrease in the protein adsorption on the linoleic acid graft copolymer, which is important in tissue engineering. © AOCS 2007 Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis of antibacterial amphiphilic elastomer based on polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene via thiol-ene addition

Keleş, Elif | Hazer, Baki | Cömert, Füsun B.

Article | 2013 | Materials Science and Engineering C33 ( 3 ) , pp.1061 - 1066

A new type of amphiphilic antibacterial elastomer has been described. Thermoplastic elastomer, polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene (PS-b-PI-b-PS) triblock copolymer was functionalized in toluene solution by free radical mercaptan addition in order to obtain an amphiphilic antibacterial elastomer. Thiol terminated PEG was grafted through the double bonds of PS-b-PI-b-PS via free radical thiol-ene coupling reaction. The antibacterial properties of the amphiphilic graft copolymers were observed. The original and the modified polymers were used to create microfibers in an electro-spinning process. Topology of the electrospu . . .n micro/nanofibers were studied by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The chemical structures of the amphiphilic comb type graft copolymers were elucidated by the combination of elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, GPC and FTIR. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All Rights Reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Concanavaline A conjugated bacterial polyester-based PHBHHx nanoparticles loaded with curcumin for breast cancer therapy

Kılıçay, Ebru | Karahaliloğlu, Zeynep | Hazer, Baki | Tekin, İshak Özel | Denkbaş, Emir Baki

Article | 2016 | Journal of Microencapsulation33 ( 3 ) , pp.274 - 285

The aim of this study was to evaluate therapeutic potential of curcumin-loaded poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) PHBHHx nanoparticles (CUR-NPs) and concanavaline A conjugated curcumin-loaded NPs (ConA-CUR-NPs) for breast cancer treatment. The size and zeta potential of prepared NPs were about 228 ± 5 nm and -23.3 mV, respectively. The entrapment efficiencies of polymer/drug weight ratios, 1.25CUR-NPs, 2.5CUR-NPs, 5CUR-NPs, ConA-1.25CUR-NPs, ConA-2.5CUR-NPs and ConA-5CUR-NPs were found to be ?68, 55, 45, 70, 60 and 51%, respectively. Optimized NPs formulations in the freeze-dried form were assessed with their short-term s . . .tability for 30 days of storage at 4 °C and 25 °C. Anticancer activity of ConA-CUR-NPs was proved by MTT assay and reconfirmed by double staining and flow cytometry results. The anticancer activity of ConA-CUR-NPs was measured in human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB 231) in vitro, and the results revealed that the ConA-CUR-NPs had better tumor cells decline activity. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of polymer-based, silver nanoparticle-coated silicone splints on the nasal mucosa of rats

Şevik Eliçora, Sultan | Erdem, Duygu | Dinç, Aykut Erdem | Altunordu Kalaycı, Özlem | Hazer, Baki | Yurdakan, Gamze | Külah, Canan

Article | 2017 | European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology274 ( 3 ) , pp.1535 - 1541

Infection is a serious complication after nasal packing that otolaryngologists seek to avoid. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of silver (Ag) nanoparticle, which serves as antimicrobial agents, with nasal tampons. The study design is an experimental animal model and the setting is tertiary referral center. Twenty-four rats were randomized into the following four groups: (1) control group (n = 6); (2) silicone nasal splint (SNS) group (n = 6); (3) polypropylene-grafted polyethylene glycol (PP-g-PEG) amphiphilic graft copolymer-coated SNS group (n = 6); and (4) Ag nanoparticle-embedded PP-g-PEG (Ag-PP-g-PEG) amphiphilic . . . graft copolymer-coated SNS group (n = 6). These tampons were applied to rats for 48 h, after which they were removed in a sterile manner, and the rats were sacrificed. The nasal septa of the rats were excised, and assessments of tissue changes in the nasal mucosa were compared among the groups. The removed tampons were microbiologically examined, and quantitative analyses were made. When the groups were compared microbiologically, there were no significant differences in bacterial colonization rates of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. among the three groups (p = 0.519), but there was a statistically significant difference among bacterial colonization rates of Heamophilus parainfluenzae and Corynebacterium spp. (p = 0.018, p = 0.004). We found that H. parainfluenzae grew less robustly in the Ag-PP-g-PEG than the PP-g-PEG group (p = 0.017). However, we found no significant difference between the Ag-PP-g-PEG and SNS groups, or between the SNS and PP-g-PEG groups. The growth of Corynebacterium spp. did not differ significantly between the Ag-PP-g-PEG and SNS groups (p = 1.000). When Group 4 was compared with Group 2, the former showed less inflammation. Compared with other tampons, Ag-PP-g-PEG amphiphilic graft copolymer-coated silicone nasal tampons caused less microbiological colonization and inflammation. Therefore, the use of these tampons may prevent secondary infections and reduce the risk of developing complications by minimizing tissue damage. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Daha fazlası Daha az

PMMA-multigraft copolymers derived from linseed oil, soybean oil, and linoleic acid: Protein adsorption and bacterial adherence

Çakmaklı, Birten | Hazer, Baki | Açıkgöz, Şerefden | Can, Murat | Cömert, Füsun B.

Article | 2007 | Journal of Applied Polymer Science105 ( 6 ) , pp.3448 - 3457

Synthesis of Poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA-multigraft copolymers derived from linseed oil, soybean oil, and linoleic acid PMMA-g-polymeric oil/oily acid-g-poly(3-hydroxy alkanoate) (PHA), and their protein adsorption and bacterial adherence have been described. Polymeric oil/oily acid peroxides [polymeric soybean oil peroxide (PSB), polymeric linseed oil peroxide (PLO), and polymeric linoleic acid peroxide (PLina)] initiated the copolymerization of MMA and unsaturated PHA-soya to yield PMMA-PLO-PHA, PMMA-PSB-PHA, and PMMA-PLina-PHA multigraft copolymers. PMMA-PLina-PHA multigraft copolymers were completely soluble while PMMA-PSB-P . . .HA and PMMA-PLO-PHA multigraft copolymers were partially crosslinked. Crosslinked parts of the PLO- and PSB-multigraft copolymers were isolated by the sol gel analysis and characterized by swelling measurements in CHCl3. Soluble part of the PLO- and PSB-multigraft copolymers and completely soluble PLina-multigraft copolymers were obtained and characterized by spectroscopic, thermal, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. In the mechanical properties of the PHA-PLina-PMMA, the elongation at break is reduced up to ~ 9%, more or less preserving the high stress values at its break point (48%) when compared to PLina-g-PMMA. The solvent casting film surfaces were studied by means of adsorption of blood proteins and bacterial adhesion. Insertion of the PHA into the multigraft copolymers caused the dramatic increase in bacterial adhesion on the polymer surfaces. PHA insertion into the graft copolymers also increased the protein adsorption. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals. Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and characterization of polymeric linseed oil grafted methyl methacrylate or styrene

Çakmaklı, Birten | Hazer, Baki | Tekin, İshak Özel | Kızgut, Sait | Köksal, Murat | Menceloğlu, Yusuf

Article | 2004 | Macromolecular Bioscience4 ( 7 ) , pp.649 - 655

Syntheses of wholly natural polymeric linseed oil (PLO) containing peroxide groups have been reported. Peroxidation, epoxidation and/or perepoxidation reactions of linseed oil, either under air or under oxygen flow at room temperature, resulted in polymeric peroxides, PLO-air and PLO-ofl, containing 1.3 and 3.5 wt.-% of peroxide, with molecular weights of 2 100 and 3 780 Da, respectively. PLO-air contained cross-linked film up to 46.1 wt.-% after a reaction time of 60 d, associated with a waxy, soluble part (PLO-air-s) that was isolated with chloroform extraction. PLO-ofl was obtained as a waxy, viscous liquid without any cross-link . . .ed part at the end of 24 d under visible irradiation and oxygen flow. Polymeric peroxides, PLO-air-s and PLO-ofl initiated the free radical polymerization of both methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (S) to give PMMA-graft-PLO and PS-graft-PLO graft copolymers in high yields with Mw varying from 37 to 470 kDa. The polymers obtained were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, TGA, DSC and GPC techniques. Cross-linked polymers were also studied by means of swelling measurements. PMMA-graft-PLO graft copolymer film samples were also used in cell-culture studies. Fibroblast cells were well adhered and proliferated on the copolymer film surfaces, which is important in tissue engineering Daha fazlası Daha az

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