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An electrochemical biosensor for direct detection of DNA using polystyrene-g-soya oil-g-imidazole graft copolymer

Koçak, İzzet | Şanal, Timur | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2017 | Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry21 ( 5 ) , pp.1397 - 1405

A label-free electrochemical DNA biosensor was developed through the attachment of polystyrene-g-soya oil-g-imidazole graft copolymer (PS-PSyIm) onto modified graphene oxide (GO) electrodeposited on glassy carbon electrode (GC). GC/GO electrode was initially functionalised via electrochemical reduction of 4-nitrobenzene diazonium salt, followed by the electrochemical reduction of NO2 to NH2. Subsequent to the electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on modified surface, the attachment of the PS-PSyIm graft copolymer on the resulting electrode was achieved. The interaction of PS-PSyIm with DNA at the bare glassy carbon electr . . .ode was studied by cyclic voltammetry technique, and it was found that interaction predominantly takes place through intercalation mode. The selectivity of developed DNA biosensor was also explored by DPV on the basis of considering hybridisation event with non-complementary, one-base mismatched DNA and complementary target DNA sequence. Large decrease in the peak current was found upon the addition of complementary target DNA. The sensitivity of the developed DNA biosensor was also investigated, and detection limit was found to be 1.20 nmol L-1. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis of Polylactide-b-Poly (Dimethyl Siloxane) Block Copolymers and Their Blends with Pure Polylactide

Hazer, Baki | Baysal, Bahattin M. | Köseoğlu, Ayşe G. | Beşirli, Necati | Taşkın, Elif

Article | 2012 | Journal of Polymers and the Environment20 ( 2 ) , pp.477 - 484

The synthesis of polylactide (PLA)-b-poly (dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) linear block copolymers and their use in blends with pure-PLA are described. PLA-b-PDMS linear block copolymers were obtained by the transesterification reaction in chloroform solution between poly(dimethyl siloxane) bis (2-aminopropyl ether) (molecular weight 2,000 Da) with PLA in the presence of stannous octoate. Molecular weights (Mw) of the block copolymers were varied from 53,800 to 63,600 Da while that of pristine PLA was 73,600 Da. The copolymers obtained were purified by fractional precipitation and then characterized by 1 H NMR, FTIR, GPC, viscometry and D . . .SC techniques. Blends of pure PLA with PLA-b-PDMS block copolymers displayed improved elastic properties (elongation up to 140%) compared to pure PLA (elongation ~9%). Thermal, mechanical and morphological characterization of the blends were also conducted. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az

The Properties of PLA/Oxidized Soybean Oil Polymer Blends

Hazer, Baki

Article | 2014 | Journal of Polymers and the Environment22 ( 2 ) , pp.200 - 208

Novel polymer blends based on completely renewable polymers were reported. Polymer blends based on polylactic acid (PLA) and oxidized and hydroxylated soya bean oil polymers were prepared. Plasticization and mechanical strength effect of the soya bean oil polymers on the PLA were observed. Fracture surface analysis of the polymer blends was carried out by using scanning electron microscopy. The PLA blends showed more amorphous morphologies compared to pure PLA. The blends had better elongation at break in view of the stress-strain measurement. Blend of PLA with the hydroxylated polymeric soya bean oil indicated the slightly antibact . . .erial properties. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and characterization of the novel thermoresponsive conjugates based on Poly(3-hydroxy alkanoates)

Toraman, Tuğba | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2014 | Journal of Polymers and the Environment22 ( 2 ) , pp.159 - 166

Novel thermoresponsive polymer conjugates based on microbial polyesters and poly-N-isopropyl acryl amide, PNIPAM, have been reported. The unsaturated poly-3-hydroxy alkanoates, poly (3-hydroxy undecenoate), PHU, and 1:1 mixture of 10-undecenoic acid and soy oil acids, PHU-Sy, were brominated by using bromine in the dark, at room temperature. Brominated PHAs were transformed to macro reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agents via the substitution reaction with potassium ethyl xanthate. RAFT polymerization of N-isopropyl acryl amide, NIPAM, was initiated by the PHA-derivative containing xanthate pendant groups in o . . .rder to obtain brush type PHA-g-PNIPAM thermo responsive amphiphilic graft copolymers. The water uptake of the PHU-g-PNIPAM and PHU-Sy-g-PNIPAM amphiphilic graft copolymers changed from 50 % to completely soluble in water. Structural and thermal characterization of the novel conjugates were carried out by using 1H NMR, GPC, DSC and TGA techniques. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis, characterization, and drug release properties of macroporous dual stimuli responsive stereo regular nanocomposites gels of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and graphene oxide

Sulu, Elvan | Biswas, Chandra Sekhar | Stadler, Florian J. | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2017 | Journal of Porous Materials24 ( 2 ) , pp.389 - 401

Nanocomposite stereoregular hybrid gels of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) were prepared in 1:1 methanol–water mixture in the presence rare earth yttrium trifluoromethanesulfonate Lewis acid and graphene oxide (GO). The nanocomposite gels were characterized by swelling ratio measurements at different temperatures and different pH, deswelling kinetics, scanning electrone microscopy, FTIR, thermogravimetric analysis, powder XRD, Raman spectroscopy, LCST measurement by DSC etc. Drug release experiments also done by using tramadol hydrochloride as a model drug to check their suitability in application. All results were explained on the basi . . .s of porosity, cononsolvency of the synthesis solvents, hydrophilicity, isotacticity, pH effect, interactions between solvents and polymer molecules, interactions between polymer and GO or interactions between GO and solvents etc. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York Daha fazlası Daha az

Soybean oil based polylactic acid membranes: Synthesis and degradation characteristics

Aydın Tığlı, R. Seda | Akyol, Elvan | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2018 | Journal of Polymers and the Environment26 ( 3 ) , pp.1262 - 1271

Controlling the degradation parameters is one of the main challenges of preparing appropriate biomaterials for biomedical applications. In this study, the effect of soybean oil inclusion on hydrolytic degradation of polylactic acid (PLA) was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. PLA/oil membranes were prepared by using polymeric soybean oil (PSO), epoxidized soybean oil and soybean oil (SOYA) with their varied concentrations. Degradation of membranes was performed in vitro for 8 weeks period and in vivo for 4 weeks period. Weight loss, changes in molecular weight, thermal properties and morphological changes were studied during de . . .gradation. SOYA blended PLA membranes show the lowest degradation rates by bulk degradation after 4 weeks in vitro, followed by surface erosion for the first week. Approximately twofold high percentage weight losses of all membranes were obtained after 4 weeks of degradation in vivo in comparison with in vitro data. The significant weight loss, molecular weight loss and thermal property change for PSO blended membranes were determined during in vivo degradation which highlights the increase of degradation rate by bulk degradation. Drastic morphological changes were observed on surface of degraded membranes in vivo with large pores, cracks, fissures and large cavities. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York Daha fazlası Daha az

Autoxidized oleic acid bifunctional macro peroxide initiators for free radical and condensation polymerization. Synthesis and characterization of multiblock copolymers

Hazer, Baki | Ayyıldız, Elif | Eren, Melike | Canbay-Seçilmiş, Hale | Ashby, Richard D.

Article | 2019 | Journal of Polymers and the Environment27 ( 11 ) , pp.2562 - 2576

Autoxidation of unsaturated fatty acids gives fatty acid macroperoxide initiators containing two functionalities which can lead to free radical and condensation polymerizations in a single pot. The oleic acid macroperoxide initiator obtained by ecofriendly autoxidation (Pole4m) was used in both the free radical polymerization of styrene and the condensation polymerization with amine-terminated polyethylene glycol (PEGNH2) to obtain triblock branched graft copolymers. The narrow molar masses of the poly oleic acid-g-styrene (PoleS) and poly oleic acid-g-styrene-g-PEG (PoSG) graft copolymers were successfully obtained. The inclusion o . . .f oleic acid decreased the glass transition temperature of the polystyrene segment because of the plasticizing effect of oleic acid. In addition, a mechanical property of the copolymer was improved when compared with the pure PS. Structural characterization, morphology of the fracture surface, micelle formation, thermal analysis and molar masses of the obtained products were also evaluated. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature Daha fazlası Daha az

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