A novel poly(propylene-co-imidazole) based biofuel cell: System optimization and operation for energy generation

Kılıç, Muhammet Samet | Korkut, Şeyda | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2015 | Materials Science and Engineering C47 , pp.165 - 171

This study describes the construction of an enzymatic fuel cell comprised of novel gold nanoparticles embedded poly(propylene-co-imidazole) coated anode and cathode. Working electrode fabrication steps and operational conditions for the fuel cell have been optimized to get enhanced power output. Electrical generation capacity of the optimized cell was tested by using the municipal wastewater sample. The enzymatic fuel cell system reached to maximum power density with 1 µg and 8 µg of polymer quantity and bilirubin oxidase on electrode surface, respectively. The maximum power output was calculated to be 5 µW cm- 2 at + 0.56 V (vs. Ag . . ./AgCl) in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4, 100 mM, 20 °C) by the addition of 15 mM of glucose as a fuel source. The optimized enzymatic fuel cell generated a power density of 0.46 µW cm- 2 for the municipal wastewater sample. Poly(propylene-co-imidazole) was easily used for a fuel cell system owing to its metallic nanoparticle content. The developed fuel cell will play a significant role for energy conversion by using glucose readily found in wastewater and in vivo mediums. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Enzymatic fuel cells for electric power generation from domestic wastewater

Kılıç, Muhammet Samet | Korkut, Şeyda | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2014 | WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment181 , pp.213 - 224

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EFCs), which employ enzymes as a catalyst, convert the chemical energy released from the enzymatic oxidation of fuel into electrical energy. While chemical energy is being generated by the oxidation of fuel with enzymes, electricity is generated simultaneously by the movement of electrons released as a consequence of this chemical reaction from anode through cathode in enzymatic fuel cells. The major problem encountered in EFC studies is the difficult/slow electron transfer between the enzyme and the electrode. To mediate the electron transfer between the enzyme and the electrode's surface, low molecular wei . . .ght redox compounds called mediators are used in EFC. Higher power generation and minimal interference effects at a lower cell potential are achieved by using a mediator in EFC. The scope of this study is for the development of an enhanced electron transferred EFC with a proper mediator for the generation of electrical energy by the oxidation of glucose in domestic wastewater. Therefore, glucose in domestic wastewater is utilised for energy generation. In this study, Polypyrrole-2-carboxyclic acid was modified with various mediators such as, ferrocene, neutral red and p-benzoquinone, which were tested for this purpose. The maximum power density (100 nW/cm2) was observed for the ferrocene modified electrodes including glucose oxidase and laccase as anodic and cathodic enzyme, respectively. The electrode fabrication step was optimized with respect to the electrode material, its operational potential and the thickness of the polymeric film. The highest current values were obtained from the addition of 10 mM of glucose for the EFC system designed with the gold electrode material and operated with a working potential of 0.45 V. The most suitable polymeric film thickness was achieved in the cyclic voltammetry parameters set up with a scan rate of 50 mV/s and 25 cycles. The optimized EFC was tested in the domestic wastewater of Zonguldak City in Turkey. Ferrocene mediated EFC yielded a power density of 50-200 nW/cm2 for the domestic wastewater. © 2014 WIT Press Daha fazlası Daha az

Development and operation of gold and cobalt oxide nanoparticles containing polypropylene based enzymatic fuel cell for renewable fuels

Kılıç, Muhammet Samet | Korkut, Şeyda | Hazer, Baki | Erhan, Elif

Article | 2014 | Biosensors and Bioelectronics61 , pp.500 - 505

Newly synthesized gold and cobalt oxide nanoparticle embedded Polypropylene-g-Polyethylene glycol was used for a compartment-less enzymatic fuel cell. Glucose oxidase and bilirubin oxidase were selected as anodic and cathodic enzymes, respectively. Electrode fabrication and EFC operation parameters were optimized to achieve high power output. Maximum power density of 23.5µWcm-2 was generated at a cell voltage of +560mV vs Ag/AgCl, in 100mM PBS pH 7.4 with the addition of 20mM of synthetic glucose solution. 20µg of polymer amount with 185µg of glucose oxidase and 356µg of bilirubin oxidase was sufficient to get maximum performance. T . . .he working electrodes could harvest glucose, produced during photosynthesis reaction of Carpobrotus Acinaciformis plant, and readily found in real domestic wastewater of Zonguldak City in Turkey. © 2014 Elsevier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Electrical energy generation from a novel polypropylene grafted polyethylene glycol based enzymatic fuel cell

Kılıç, Muhammet Samet | Korkut, Şeyda | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2014 | Analytical Letters47 ( 6 ) , pp.983 - 995

A recently synthesized polypropylene-g-polyethylene glycol polymer was used for the first time as the working electrode of a fuel cell. Electrodes were prepared for unmediated and mediated enzymatic reactions including ferrocene as the mediator. Glucose oxidase and bilirubin oxidase was used as the anodic and cathodic enzymes for the working electrodes, respectively. The biofuel cell was operated using glucose as the fuel in a single-compartment and membrane-less cell. Electrochemical results demonstrated that the catalytic efficiency of the ferrocene based cathode was approximately 100-fold higher than that of an unmediated cathode . . .. The mediated fuel cell electrodes yielded a power density of 65 nW/cm2 at a cell potential of +560 mV. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az

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