Policing the ‘suspects’: Ottoman Greeks and Armenians in Istanbul, 1914–18

Dölek, Sever, Deniz

Article | 2017 | Middle Eastern Studies53 ( 4 ) , pp.533 - 550

During the First World War, a primary domestic political aim for all belligerent countries was to preserve the socio-economic status quo in order to provide appropriate conditions for the survival of the state. Therefore, war governments paid particular attention to the maintenance of internal order. While doing this, the central authority of governments became paramount and this situation had remarkable repercussions on state–society relations. This article examines the wartime public order policies of the Ottoman government specifically concerning the Ottoman Greeks (Rum) and Armenians living in Istanbul. During the Great War, the . . .se non-Muslim elements were officially regarded as ’suspects’, in other words, as ’potential political criminals’ threatening the internal order of the capital. To control the Ottoman Greeks and Armenians, the war government implemented a number of policing strategies that consisted of deportation of individuals and groups, strict control on travel, and close surveillance of ’suspects’. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Soviet Russia’s Foreign Affairs with Turkey in 1923 Reports of Ambassador Surits

Somel, Gözde

Article | 2018 | Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies , pp.533 - 550

The history of Turkey–Soviet Russia relations is one of the most controversial topics in Turkish historiography. The controversy was largely a product of the Cold War interpretations when the USSR and Turkey were in hostile camps. This article shows the Bolsheviks’ reappraisal and readjustment of their policy towards Turkey during the transition of Turkey from a war of independence to the foundation of a New Turkey in conditions of peace. In doing so, the paper focuses specifically on Ambassador Surits’ detailed reports on Turkey in 1923, including his policy recommendations. In this way the article attempts to contribute to our con . . .ception of the essence of Soviet–Turkey relations by taking into account Ambassador Surits’ reports as the primary sources. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

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