Autaptic pacemaker mediated propagation of weak rhythmic activity across small-world neuronal networks

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2016 | Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications444 , pp.538 - 546

We study the effects of an autapse, which is mathematically described as a self-feedback loop, on the propagation of weak, localized pacemaker activity across a Newman-Watts small-world network consisting of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons. We consider that only the pacemaker neuron, which is stimulated by a subthreshold periodic signal, has an electrical autapse that is characterized by a coupling strength and a delay time. We focus on the impact of the coupling strength, the network structure, the properties of the weak periodic stimulus, and the properties of the autapse on the transmission of localized pacemaker activity. Obta . . .ined results indicate the existence of optimal channel noise intensity for the propagation of the localized rhythm. Under optimal conditions, the autapse can significantly improve the propagation of pacemaker activity, but only for a specific range of the autaptic coupling strength. Moreover, the autaptic delay time has to be equal to the intrinsic oscillation period of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron or its integer multiples. We analyze the inter-spike interval histogram and show that the autapse enhances or suppresses the propagation of the localized rhythm by increasing or decreasing the phase locking between the spiking of the pacemaker neuron and the weak periodic signal. In particular, when the autaptic delay time is equal to the intrinsic period of oscillations an optimal phase locking takes place, resulting in a dominant time scale of the spiking activity. We also investigate the effects of the network structure and the coupling strength on the propagation of pacemaker activity. We find that there exist an optimal coupling strength and an optimal network structure that together warrant an optimal propagation of the localized rhythm. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of autapse and ion channel block on the collective firing activity of Newman–Watts small-world neuronal networks

Uzun, Rukiye | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2017 | Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications486 , pp.386 - 396

An autapse is a special kind of synapse established between the axon and dendrites of the same neuron. In the present study, we have investigated the cooperative effects of autapse and ion channel block on the collective firing regularity of Newman–Watts small-world networks of stochastic Hodgkin–Huxley neurons. We obtain autaptic time delay induced multi-coherence resonance (MCR) phenomenon in the absence of ion channel block. When the ion channel block is considered, we find that this autaptic delay induced MCR phenomenon enhances with the increasing of potassium channel block, whereas it weakens with the increasing of sodium chan . . .nel block at weak and intermediate autaptic conductance regimes. However, at strong autaptic conductance regime neither sodium nor potassium channel block have a significant effect on the collective firing regularity of the network. Besides, we investigate the effects of the coupling strength, the network randomness and the cell size on the regularity. We obtain an optimal coupling strength value and an optimal cell size leading to a more prominent MCR effect. We also show that the MCR phenomenon increases with the increasing of network randomness in potassium channel block, but it needs to a minimum network randomness for its appearing in case of sodium channel block. © 2017 Elsevier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Blocking of weak signal propagation via autaptic transmission in scale-free networks

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2017 | Istanbul University - Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering17 , pp.3081 - 3085

In this paper, the effects of autapse, a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrite, on the transmission of weak signal are investigated in scale-free neuronal networks. In the study, we consider that each neuron has an autapse modelled as chemical synapse. Then, a weak signal that is thought to carry information or an unwanted activity such as virus is applied to all neurons in the network. It is seen that the autapse with its small conductance values can slightly increases the transmission of weak signal across the network when the autaptic time delay is equal to the intrinsic oscillation peri . . .od of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron. Interestingly, when the autaptic time delay becomes equal to half of this intrinsic period or its integer multiples the autapse can prominently blocks the weak signal transmission. Also, as the autaptic conductance is increased the weak signal transmission is completely impeded by the autapse with its proper auatptic time delays. One consider that the weak signal is an unwanted or virius threatening the whole network, this autaptic mechanism is an efficient way to protect the network from attacks Daha fazlası Daha az

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