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Separation of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by a new consecutive process consisting of supported liquid membrane and electrodialysis

Altın, Süreyya | Altın, Ahmet

Article | 2019 | Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology10 ( 1 ) , pp.14 - 21

Supported liquid membrane process usually is used for recovering or enrichment of valuable metals in the industrial wastewater. But, even if the metals in the wastewater was separated with high chemical selectivity, it cannot be enough concentrated since separation performance of supported liquid membrane (SLM) process is limited by concentration gradient between feed solution and stripping solution. If metal concentration in the stripping solution to be enough low, transport of metal through membrane can be accomplishment constantly. Therefore, Electrodialysis (ED) has been placed after SLM process and the stripping solution of SLM . . . was used as the feed solution for the ED process. Transport of ions in the solutions is successfully performed by ED process. Thus, the metal concentration in the stripping solution does not rise as to stop ion transport. Besides, valuable metals easily are concentrated by ED process for re-use. In this study, effects of operation parameters like initial Cd(II) concentration, HCl concentration in the feed solution of SLM and applied voltage are investigated on separation efficiency, flux and permeability of the both processes. As the feed solution concentration increased, all performance values has increased. When initial concentration of 100 mg/L is used, separation performances (SP) are 55% and 70%, for SLM and consecutive process, respectively. The best HCl concentration in the feed solution of SLM has determined as 2 M, in this conditions SP are 64% and 72%, for SLM and consecutive process, respectively. With increased of applied voltage on ED process, SP of the consecutive process has been raised from 72% to 83%. According to the obtained experimental data, consecutive process has better separation performance than SLM. When the separation performances of both processes were compared for the same operating conditions, it was determined higher the separation efficiency, permeability and flux values of the consecutive process, 8%, 9% and %10.6, respectively. Consequently, the use of the consecutive process increases the performance efficiency of both processes. The consecutive process studied has quite a good chemical separation efficiency, and enrichment capability. Moreover, this process requires few water and energy. © 2019, Korean Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Transport of silver ions through a flat-sheet supported liquid membrane

Altın, Süreyya | Yıldırım, Yılmaz | Altın, Ahmet

Article | 2010 | HYDROMETALLURGY103 ( 01.Apr ) , pp.144 - 149

Toxic metals from industrial wastewaters are an important environmental issue. The use of supported liquid membrane processes has gained momentum in recent years, as it allows the reuse of water and toxic metals. The aim of this study is to investigate the active transport of silver ion through a supported liquid membrane (micro-porous Fluoropore PTFE) of DC18C6 (Dicyclohexano18crown6) in toluene under various experimental conditions. For this purpose, the effects of various parameters including binary carriers, carrier concentration, feed phase concentration, the nature and concentration of stripping agents in the stripping phase a . . .nd flow rates of feed and stripping phases on transport efficiency were also investigated. The maximum transport efficiency was observed at the following conditions: flow rates of 50 mL/min in both phases, 0.05 M DC18C6 in toluene as carrier solution. 50 ppm Ag(+) dissolved in 0.015 M HNO(3) as feed solution and 0.08 M Na(2)S(2)O(3) as stripping solution Optimum operation time was determined as 240 min. Under these conditions, 94% of the silver ions were transported from the feed phase to the membrane phase. However, the transport rate from the membrane phase to the stripping phase remained at approximately 81%. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of carrier-solvent combination and stripping solutions on zinc transport by supported liquid membrane

Altın, Süreyya | Özgüven, Melih

Article | 2011 | Fresenius Environmental Bulletin20 ( 3 ) , pp.631 - 638

This study analyzed the zinc transport in supported liquid membrane (SLM) systems in which different anionic (Aliquat336) and cationic (D2EHPA) carriers, different solvents (kerosene and toluene) and different feed (deionized water and HCl) / stripping solutions (H3PO4, HCl and H 2SO4) were used. The results were modeled according to steady state (Fick's first law) and non-steady state kinetics approaches and the concordance of the models was discussed. It was observed from the experimental studies that 80.4% zinc transport could be achieved when deionized water was used as feed solution, kerosene/ D2EHPA (0.01 M) as membrane soluti . . .on combination and H3PO4(0.5 M) as stripping solution. Whilst the zinc transport efficiency was found to be 86.5% when HCl (1.0 M) was used as feed solution, toluene-Aliquat336 (0.02 M) as membrane solution combination and HCl (0.5 M) as stripping solution. Modeling studies established that the nonsteady state approach better represented zinc transport. It was therefore concluded that the zinc transport mechanism was affected by interface reactions rather than diffusion. © by PSP Daha fazlası Daha az

Facilitated transport of Cd(II) through a supported liquid membrane with Aliquat 336 as a carrier

Altın, Süreyya | Alemdar, Sonay | Altın, Ahmet | Yıldırım, Yılmaz

Article | 2011 | Separation Science and Technology46 ( 5 ) , pp.754 - 764

Selective removal of cadmium from wastewaters is very important, because cadmium is toxic for the environment and for human health. This work is a comprehensive study on the selective removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by using a co-current flow flat sheet supported liquid membrane system. 4.4 × 10-4M Cd(II) concentration was used as a feed solution in the experiments. Toluene containing Aliquat 336 was used as the membrane liquid in the membrane system. Parameters such as the properties of feed and stripping solutions, carrier concentration, and flow rate, which have roles in transport of Cd(II) ions, were optimized. The effi . . .ciency of the system is expressed in terms of permeability and flux values, and transport efficiency. The optimum process conditions for the Cd(II) transport are experimentally found as follows: The feed solution as 2 M HCl, the carrier concentration as 0.1 M Aliquat 336, the stripping solution as 0.06 M EDTA, and the flow rates for the feed and stripping solutions as 50 mL/min and 80 mL/min, respectively. Under these conditions, the Cd(II) transport efficiency is found to be 82%. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az

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