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Impact of hybrid neural network on the early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy disease from video-oculography signals

Kaya, Ceren | Erkaymaz, Okan | Ayar, Orhan | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2018 | Chaos, Solitons and Fractals114 , pp.164 - 174

In this study, we introduce two hybrid artificial neural network models with particle swarm optimization algorithm to diagnose diabetic retinopathy based on the Video-Oculography signals. The hybrid models use Discrete Wavelet Transform and Hilbert-Huang Transform separately to extract features from the signals. The classification performance of both models is analyzed comparatively. We show that the model based on Hilbert–Huang Transform exhibits better classification performance than the model based on the Discrete Wavelet Transform. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Impact of small-world network topology on the conventional artificial neural network for the diagnosis of diabetes

Erkaymaz, Okan | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2016 | Chaos, Solitons and Fractals83 , pp.178 - 185

Artificial intelligent systems have been widely used for diagnosis of diseases. Due to their importance, new approaches are attempted consistently to increase the performance of these systems. In this study, we introduce a new approach for diagnosis of diabetes based on the Small-World Feed Forward Artificial Neural Network (SW- FFANN). We construct the small-world network by following the Watts-Strogatz approach, and use this architecture for classifying the diabetes, and compare its performance with that of the regular or the conventional FFANN. We show that the classification performance of the SW-FFANN is better than that of the . . . conventional FFANN. The SW-FFANN approach also results in both the highest output correlation and the best output error parameters. We also perform the accuracy analysis and show that SW-FFANN approach exhibits the highest classifier performance. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Noise-delayed decay in the response of a scale-free neuronal network

Uzuntarla, Muhammet | Uzun, Rukiye | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2013 | Chaos, Solitons and Fractals56 , pp.202 - 208

Noise-delayed decay occurs when the first-spike latency of a periodically forced neuron exhibits a maximum at particular noise intensity. Here we investigate this phenomenon at the network level, in particular by considering scale-free neuronal networks, and under the realistic assumption of noise being due to the stochastic nature of voltage-gated ion channels that are embedded in the neuronal membranes. We show that noise-delayed decay can be observed at the network level, but only if the synaptic coupling strength between the neurons is weak. In case of strong coupling or in a highly interconnected population the phenomenon vanis . . .hes, thus indicating that delays in signal detection can no longer be resonantly prolonged by noise. We also find that potassium channel noise plays a more dominant role in the occurrence of noise-delayed decay than sodium channel noise, and that poisoning the neuronal membranes may weakens or intensify the phenomenon depending on targeting. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Multi-stage classification of congestive heart failure based on short-term heart rate variability

İşler, Yalçın | Narin, Ali | Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2019 | Chaos, Solitons and Fractals118 , pp.145 - 151

In this study, we propose an automatic system to diagnose congestive heart failure using short-term heart rate variability analysis. The system involves a multi-stage classifier. The features of heart rate variability are computed from time-domain and frequency-domain measures through power spectral density estimations of different transform methods. Nonlinear heart rate variability measures are also calculated by using Poincare plot, symbolic dynamics, detrended fluctuation analysis, and sample entropy. Different combinations of heart rate variability features are selected according to their statistical significance levels and then . . . applied to the classifier. The first two stages of the classifier consist of simple perceptron classifiers that are trained by a genetic algorithm. Five different classifiers, namely k-nearest neighbors, linear discriminant analyses, multilayer perceptron, support vector machines, and radial basis function artificial neuronal network, are tested for the third stage. The proposed system results in a classification performance of an accuracy of 98.8%, specificity of 98.1%, and sensitivity of 100%. We show that our approach provides an effective and computationally efficient tool to automatically diagnose congestive heart failure patients. © 2018 Elsevier Lt Daha fazlası Daha az

Detection of directional eye movements based on the electrooculogram signals through an artificial neural network

Erkaymaz, Hande | Özer, Mahmut | Orak, İlhami Muharrem

Article | 2015 | Chaos, Solitons and Fractals77 , pp.225 - 229

The electrooculogram signals are very important at extracting information about detection of directional eye movements. Therefore, in this study, we propose a new intelligent detection model involving an artificial neural network for the eye movements based on the electrooculogram signals. In addition to conventional eye movements, our model also involves the detection of tic and blinking of an eye. We extract only two features from the electrooculogram signals, and use them as inputs for a feed-forwarded artificial neural network. We develop a new approach to compute these two features, which we call it as a movement range. The res . . .ults suggest that the proposed model have a potential to become a new tool to determine the directional eye movements accurately. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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