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Araştırmacılar

Autapse-induced multiple coherence resonance in single neurons and neuronal networks
Enhancement of pacemaker induced stochastic resonance by an autapse in a scale-free neuronal network
Enhancement of temporal coherence via time-periodic coupling strength in a scale-free network of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons
Effects of inhibitory autapse on the weak signal detection of Hodgkin-Huxley Neuron
Effects of electrical autapse on first spike latency of Hodgkin-Huxley Neuron
Chaotic resonance in Hodgkin-Huxley neuron
Impact of hybrid autapse on firing regularity in a Hodgkin-Huxley neuron
Autaptic pacemaker mediated propagation of weak rhythmic activity across small-world neuronal networks
Vibrational resonance in a Hodgkin-Huxley neuron
Blocking of weak signal propagation via autaptic transmission in scale-free networks
Effects of autapse on the transmission of localized rhythmic activity in small-world neuronal networks
Blocking of weak signal propagation via autaptic transmission in scale-free neuronal networks

- Mühendislik Fakültesi 14
- Elektrik - Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü 14
- Fakülteler 14
- Araştırma Çıktıları | WoS | Scopus | TR-Dizin | PubMed | SOBİAD 14
- Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü 13
- Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu 13
- WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu 13
- Bildiri Koleksiyonu (Elektrik - Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü) 8
- Bildiri Koleksiyonu (Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü) 7
- Makale Koleksiyonu (Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü) 6
- Makale Koleksiyonu (Elektrik - Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü) 6 Daha fazlası Daha az

- Hodgkin-Huxley neuron 4
- Autapse 2
- H-H neuron 2
- Vibrational resonance 2
- autapse 2
- channel noise 2
- Biological neural networks 1
- Blocking of weak signal 1
- Chaotic resonance 1
- Coherence resonance 1
- Electromagnetic induction 1
- Ion channel noise 1
- Lorenz system 1
- Neuronal dynamics 1
- Neurons 1
- Pacemaker 1
- Pacemakers 1
- Physics 1
- Reactive power 1
- Scale-free 1 Daha fazlası Daha az

- 2017 Medical Technologies National Conference, TIPTEKNO 2017 2
- 2014 22nd Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2014 - Proceedings 1
- 2015 23rd Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2015 - Proceedings 1
- 2016 24th Signal Processing and Communication Application Conference, SIU 2016 - Proceedings 1
- 2016 MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES NATIONAL CONFERENCE (TIPTEKNO) 1
- 26th IEEE Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2018 1
- Istanbul University - Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering 1
- NONLINEAR DYNAMICS 1
- Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 1
- Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics 1
- Science China Technological Sciences 1
- Scientific Reports 1 Daha fazlası Daha az

Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut | Baysal, Veli | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2016 | Scientific Reports6

We study the effects of electrical and chemical autapse on the temporal coherence or firing regularity of single stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons and scale-free neuronal networks. Also, we study the effects of chemical autapse on the occurrence of spatial synchronization in scale-free neuronal networks. Irrespective of the type of autapse, we observe autaptic time delay induced multiple coherence resonance for appropriately tuned autaptic conductance levels in single neurons. More precisely, we show that in the presence of an electrical autapse, there is an optimal intensity of channel noise inducing the multiple coherence resonanc . . .e, whereas in the presence of chemical autapse the occurrence of multiple coherence resonance is less sensitive to the channel noise intensity. At the network level, we find autaptic time delay induced multiple coherence resonance and synchronization transitions, occurring at approximately the same delay lengths. We show that these two phenomena can arise only at a specific range of the coupling strength, and that they can be observed independently of the average degree of the network. © The Author(s) 2016 Daha fazlası Daha az

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Perc, Matjaž | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2016 | Science China Technological Sciences59 ( 3 ) , pp.364 - 370

An autapse is an unusual synapse that occurs between the axon and the soma of the same neuron. Mathematically, it can be described as a self-delayed feedback loop that is defined by a specific time-delay and the so-called autaptic coupling strength. Recently, the role and function of autapses within the nervous system has been studied extensively. Here, we extend the scope of theoretical research by investigating the effects of an autapse on the transmission of a weak localized pacemaker activity in a scale-free neuronal network. Our results reveal that by mediating the spiking activity of the pacemaker neuron, an autapse increases . . .the propagation of its rhythm across the whole network, if only the autaptic time delay and the autaptic coupling strength are properly adjusted. We show that the autapse-induced enhancement of the transmission of pacemaker activity occurs only when the autaptic time delay is close to an integer multiple of the intrinsic oscillation time of the neurons that form the network. In particular, we demonstrate the emergence of multiple resonances involving the weak signal, the intrinsic oscillations, and the time scale that is dictated by the autapse. Interestingly, we also show that the enhancement of the pacemaker rhythm across the network is the strongest if the degree of the pacemaker neuron is lowest. This is because the dissipation of the localized rhythm is contained to the few directly linked neurons, and only afterwards, through the secondary neurons, it propagates further. If the pacemaker neuron has a high degree, then its rhythm is simply too weak to excite all the neighboring neurons, and propagation therefore fails. © 2016, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Daha fazlası Daha az

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2015 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics379 ( 26-27 ) , pp.1594 - 1599

We investigate the effects of time-periodic coupling strength on the temporal coherence or firing regularity of a scale-free network consisting of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley (H-H) neurons. The temporal coherence exhibits a resonance-like behavior depending on the cell size or the channel noise intensity. The best temporal coherence requires an optimal channel noise intensity, and this coherence can be significantly increased by time-periodic coupling strength when its frequency matches the integer multiples of the intrinsic subthreshold oscillation frequency of H-H neuron. Particularly, we find the multiple-coherence resonance depend . . .ing on frequency of time-periodic coupling strength at the optimal noise intensity. We also obtain a resonance-like dependence of temporal coherence on the amplitude of time-periodic coupling strength. Additionally, we investigate the effects of average degree on the temporal coherence and find that the temporal coherence exhibits a resonance-like behavior with respect to the network average degree, indicating that the best regularity requires an optimal average degree. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut | Yılmaz, Ergin

Proceedings | 2017 | 2017 Medical Technologies National Conference, TIPTEKNO 20172017-January , pp.1 - 4

In this paper, the effects of autapse (a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrites) on the weak signal detection capacity of a Hodgkin-Huxley (H-H) neuron are investigated. In the study, we consider that the H-H neuron has an inhibitory autapse modeled as a chemical synapse. The subthreshold sine wave is injected to the H-H neuron as a weak signal. Obtained results indicate that inhibitory autapse prominently increases the weak signal detection capacity of a H-H neuron when the proper autaptic time delay and autaptic conductance values are choosen. © 2017 IEEE.

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Proceedings | 2017 | 2017 Medical Technologies National Conference, TIPTEKNO 20172017-January , pp.1 - 4

In this paper, the effects of autapse on the first spike latency of the stochastic H-H neuron are examined. In the study, it is considered that H-H neuron has an electrical autapse and by applying a suprathreshold periodic signal to neuron the first spike times has been observed. Obtained results show that the first spike latency of H-H neuron increases prominently in a certain autaptic time delay with the increasing of autaptic conductance. Also, the first spike latency decreases with the increasing of autaptic conductance in a different autaptic time delay interval. In the context of these results, we come to conclusion that the a . . .utapse have played important roles on the control of first spike latency of stochastic H-H neurons. © 2017 IEEE Daha fazlası Daha az

Baysal, Veli | Saraç, Zehra | Yılmaz, Ergin

Article | 2019 | NONLINEAR DYNAMICS97 ( 2 ) , pp.1275 - 1285

Chaotic Resonance (CR), whereby the response of a nonlinear system to a weak signal can be enhanced by the assistance of chaotic activities that can be intrinsic or extrinsic, has recently been studied widely. In this paper, the effects of extrinsic chaotic signal on the weak signal detection performance of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron are examined via numerical simulation. The chaotic signal has been derived from Lorenz system and is injected to neuron as a current. Obtained results have revealed that the H-H neuron exhibits CR phenomenon depending on the chaotic current intensity. Also, we have found an optimal chaotic current intens . . .ity ensuring the best detection of the weak signal in H-H neuron via CR. In addition, we have calculated the maximal Lyapunov exponent to determine whether the H-H neuron is in chaotic regime. After determining the state of the neuron, we have shown that the H-H neuron can be able to detect the weak signal even if it is in the chaotic regime. Finally, we have investigated the effects of chaotic activity on the collective behavior of H-H neurons in small-world networks and have concluded that CR effect is a robust phenomenon which can be observed both in single neurons and neuronal networks Daha fazlası Daha az

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut

Proceedings | 2016 | 2016 24th Signal Processing and Communication Application Conference, SIU 2016 - Proceedings , pp.2233 - 2236

In this paper, the effects of autapse (a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrites) on the firing regularity and the firing rate in single Hodgkin-Huxley neuron are investigated. We consider that Hodgkin-Huxley neuron has two autapses. It is supposed that one of them is electrical synapse and the other is chemical synapse. Obtained results indicate that autapse with proper parameter values (delay time and autaptic conductance) prominently increases the firing regularity and the firing rate of a Hodgkin-Huxley neuron. © 2016 IEEE.

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž

Article | 2016 | Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications444 , pp.538 - 546

We study the effects of an autapse, which is mathematically described as a self-feedback loop, on the propagation of weak, localized pacemaker activity across a Newman-Watts small-world network consisting of stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons. We consider that only the pacemaker neuron, which is stimulated by a subthreshold periodic signal, has an electrical autapse that is characterized by a coupling strength and a delay time. We focus on the impact of the coupling strength, the network structure, the properties of the weak periodic stimulus, and the properties of the autapse on the transmission of localized pacemaker activity. Obta . . .ined results indicate the existence of optimal channel noise intensity for the propagation of the localized rhythm. Under optimal conditions, the autapse can significantly improve the propagation of pacemaker activity, but only for a specific range of the autaptic coupling strength. Moreover, the autaptic delay time has to be equal to the intrinsic oscillation period of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron or its integer multiples. We analyze the inter-spike interval histogram and show that the autapse enhances or suppresses the propagation of the localized rhythm by increasing or decreasing the phase locking between the spiking of the pacemaker neuron and the weak periodic signal. In particular, when the autaptic delay time is equal to the intrinsic period of oscillations an optimal phase locking takes place, resulting in a dominant time scale of the spiking activity. We also investigate the effects of the network structure and the coupling strength on the propagation of pacemaker activity. We find that there exist an optimal coupling strength and an optimal network structure that together warrant an optimal propagation of the localized rhythm. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Yılmaz, Ergin | Baysal, Veli | Özer, Mahmut

Proceedings | 2015 | 2015 23rd Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2015 - Proceedings , pp.1114 - 1117

In this paper, the effects of high-frequency driving on the weak signal detection capacity of Hodgkin-Huxley neuron are investigated. It is seen that the response of Hodgkin-Huxley neuron shows vibrational resonance with respect to the amplitude of high-frequency driving, and the best detection is obtained at an optimal amplitude of high-frequency driving. Besides, the effects of the frequency of high-frequency driving on the vibrational resonance are investigated. We arrived at the result that resonant response of the neuron can also be obtained for different frequencies of high-frequency signal but larger amplitudes are required f . . .or greater frequency of high frequency signal. © 2015 IEEE Daha fazlası Daha az

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Article | 2017 | Istanbul University - Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering17 , pp.3081 - 3085

In this paper, the effects of autapse, a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrite, on the transmission of weak signal are investigated in scale-free neuronal networks. In the study, we consider that each neuron has an autapse modelled as chemical synapse. Then, a weak signal that is thought to carry information or an unwanted activity such as virus is applied to all neurons in the network. It is seen that the autapse with its small conductance values can slightly increases the transmission of weak signal across the network when the autaptic time delay is equal to the intrinsic oscillation peri . . .od of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron. Interestingly, when the autaptic time delay becomes equal to half of this intrinsic period or its integer multiples the autapse can prominently blocks the weak signal transmission. Also, as the autaptic conductance is increased the weak signal transmission is completely impeded by the autapse with its proper auatptic time delays. One consider that the weak signal is an unwanted or virius threatening the whole network, this autaptic mechanism is an efficient way to protect the network from attacks Daha fazlası Daha az

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

n this paper, the effects of autapse (a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrites) on the transmission of weak localized rhythmic activity are investigated depending on ion channel noise in a Newman-Watts small-word networks of stochastic Hodgkin-huxley neurons. In this study, we consider that only a neuron, called pacemaker, to which a weak periodic stimuli is injected has an autapse. Obtained results indicate that autapse with proper parameter values (delay time and coupling strength) prominently increases the transmission of weak localized rhythmic activity across the network as compared to . . . the case in which pacemaker neuron does not have the autapse. Besides, we find that autapse can significantly enhances the transmission of weak local activity for different network topologies having different p values Daha fazlası Daha az

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin | Özer, Mahmut

Proceedings | 2015 | 2016 MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES NATIONAL CONFERENCE (TIPTEKNO) , pp.3081 - 3085

In this paper, the effects of autapse (a kind of synapse formed between the axon or soma of a neuron and its own dendrite) on the transmission of weak signal are investigated in scale-free neuronal networks. In the study, we consider that each neuron in the network has an autapse modelled as chemical synapse. Besides, a subthreshold signal are injected to all neurons in the network. When obtained results are analyzed, it is seen that the autaptic conductance has a threshold value. According to this threshold, the effects of autapse on the transmission of weak signal are evaluated within two categories. When conductance of autapse is . . . less than this threshold value, autapses with proper autaptic time delay values slightly increase the transmission of weak signal. When autaptic conductance is bigger than the threshold value, autapses with proper autaptic time deley values prominently block the transmission of weak signal Daha fazlası Daha az

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