Bulunan: 18 Adet 0.002 sn
Koleksiyon [16]
Tam Metin [2]
Yayın Türü [2]
Yazar [20]
Yayın Yılı [11]
Konu Başlıkları [20]
Yayıncı [11]
Yayın Dili [1]
Dergi Adı [18]
Treatment of severe amitriptyline intoxication with plasmapheresis

Kolsal, Ebru | Tekin, İshak Özel | Pişkin, Etem | Aydemir, Cumhur | Akyüz, Mehmet | Çabuk, Hasan | Eldes, Nilüfer | Numanoğlu, Kemal Varın

Article | 2009 | Journal of Clinical Apheresis24 ( 1 ) , pp.21 - 24

Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is one of the most common causes of serious intoxication. Here, we report a 2-year-old girl with severe amitriptyline (70 mg/kg) intoxication. She was in comatose, had generalized tonic clonic seizure, ventricular tachycardia, and wide QRS complexes. Although she did not respond to classical therapies, very good clinical response to plasmapheresis was obtained and she developed no complications. Thus, plasmapheresis may be an effective treatment modality in poisoning with drugs, which bind to plasma proteins with high affinity. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Vitamin E protects against acetone-induced oxidative stress in rat red blood cells

Armutçu, Feraf | Coşkun, Ömer Faruk | Gürel, Aykut | Şahin, S. | Kanter, Marek | Cihan, Ali | Numanoğlu, Kemal Varın

Article | 2005 | Cell Biology and Toxicology21 ( 1 ) , pp.53 - 60

Acetone may induce oxidative stress leading to disturbance of the biochemical and physiological functions of red blood cells (RBCs) thereby affecting membrane integrity. Vitamin E (vit E) is believed to function as an antioxidant in vivo protecting membranes from lipid peroxidation. The aim of the present study was the evaluation of possible protective effects of vit E treatment against acetone-induced oxidative stress in rat RBCs. Thirty healthy male Wistar albino rats, weighing 200-230 g and averaging 12 weeks old were randomly allotted into one of three experimental groups: Control (A), acetone-treated (B) and acetone + vit E-tre . . .ated groups (C), each containing ten animals. Group A received only drinking water. Acetone, 5% (v/v), was given with drinking water to B and C groups. In addition, C group received vit E dose of 200 mg/kg/day i.m. The experiment continued for 10 days. At the end of the 10th day, the blood samples were obtained for biochemical and morphological investigation. Acetone treatment resulted in RBC membrane destruction and hemolysis, increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TEARS) levels in plasma and RBC, and decreased RBC vit E levels. Vit E treatment decreased elevated TEARS levels in plasma and RBC and also increased reduced RBC vit E levels, and prevented RBC membrane destruction and hemolysis. In conclusion, vit E treatment appears to be beneficial in preventing acetone-induced oxidative RBC damage, and therefore, it can improve RBC rheology. © 2005 Springer Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of ethanol on intracorporeal structures of the rat

Yeşilli, Çetin | Mungan, Görkem | Seçkiner, İlker | Akduman, Bülent | Numanoğlu, Gamze | Mungan, Aydın

Article | 2006 | International Urology and Nephrology38 ( 1 ) , pp.129 - 132

Objective: Previous studies demonstrated that acute in vitro exposure of corpus cavernosal tissue to ethanol decreased its response to field stimulation and pharmacological stimulation. In the present study we investigated the effects of chronic ethanol consumption on the ultrastructure of cavernosal smooth muscle cells, elastic fibres and collagen content. Material and methods: Fourteen adult wistar rats were divided into a control group (n = 7, fed a standard diet and tap water) and an alcoholic group (n = 7, fed a standard diet and 5% (v/v) ethanol in drinking water and by increasing the ethanol concentration for every week, at t . . .he end of 6th week 30% (v/v) ethanol concentration was attained. Same dose was given until 12th week. At the end of 12th week blood samples were obtained and the ethanol concentrations were determined. The cavernosal tissues were obtained and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. Results: Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that chronic ethanol exposure markedly decreased the content of smooth muscle cells, elastic fibres and collagen type 4. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that in this animal model chronic ethanol exposure decreases the percentage of staining for smooth muscle actin, elastin, and collagen type 4 which are the key structures fundamental for erection. © Springer 2006 Daha fazlası Daha az

Colonic tuberculosis mimicking tumor perforation: A case report and review of the literature

Cömert-Beğendik, Füsun | Cömert, Mustafa | Külah, Canan | Taşçılar, Öge | Numanoğlu, Gamze | Aydemir, Selim

Article | 2006 | DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES51 ( 6 ) , pp.1039 - 1042

3rd European Meeting on Molecular Diagnostics -- 37910 -- Scheveningen, NETHERLANDS WOS: 000239295700002 PubMed: 16865564

The effects of tadalafil and pentoxifylline on apoptosis and nitric oxide synthase in liver ischemia/reperfusion injury

Bektaş, Sibel | Karakaya, Kemal | Can, Murat | Bahadır, Buarak | Güven, Berrak | Erdoğan, Nilsen | Özdamar, Şükrü Oğuz

Article | 2016 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences32 ( 7 ) , pp.339 - 347

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tadalafil (TDF) and pentoxifylline (PTX) on hepatic apoptosis and the expressions of endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthases (eNOS and iNOS) after liver ischemia/reperfusion (IR). Forty Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 8) as follows: sham group; IR group with ischemia/reperfusion alone; low-dose and high-dose TDF groups received 2.5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg TDF, respectively; and PTX group received 40 mg/kg PTX. Blood was collected for the analysis of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, ?-glutamyl transferase, uric acid, . . .malondialdehyde (MDA), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). MDA and TAC also were measured in liver tissue. Histopathological examination was performed to assess the severity of hepatic injury. Apoptosis was evaluated using the apoptosis protease-activating factor 1 (APAF-1) antibody; the expressions of eNOS and iNOS were also assessed by immunohistochemistry in all groups. Serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, ?-glutamyl transferase, uric acid, MDA, and TAC, tissue MDA and TAC levels, hepatic injury, and score for extent and for intensity of eNOS, iNOS, and apoptosis protease-activating factor 1 were significantly different in TDF and PTX groups compared to the IR group. High dose-TDF and PTX have the best protective effect on IR-induced liver tissue damage. This study showed that TDF and PTX supplementation may be helpful in preventing free oxygen radical damage, lipid peroxidation, hepatocyte necrosis, and apoptosis in liver IR injury and minimizing liver damage. © 201 Daha fazlası Daha az

Protective effects of erythropoietin against acute lung injury in a rat model of acute necrotizing pancreatitis

Taşçılar, Öğe | Çakmak, Güldeniz Karadeniz | Tekin, İshak Özel | Emre, Ali Uğur | Uçan, Bülent Hamdi | Bahadır, Burak | Açıkgöz, Serefden | İrkörücü, Oktay | Karakaya, Kemal | Balbaloğlu, Hakan | Kertiş, Gürkan | Ankaralı, Handan | Cömert, Mustafa

Article | 2007 | WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY13 ( 46 ) , pp.6172 - 6182

AIM: To investigate the effect of exogenous erythropoietin (EPO) administration on acute lung injury (ALI) in an experimental model of sodium taurodeoxycholate-induced acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). METHODS: Forty-seven male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 7 groups: sham group (n = 5), 3 ANP groups (n = 7 each) and 3 EPO groups (n = 7 each). ANP was induced by retrograde infusion of 5% sodium taurodeoxycholate into the common bile duct. Rats in EPO groups received 1000 U/kg intramuscular EPO immediately after induction of ANP Rats in ANP groups were given 1 mL normal saline instead. All animals were sacrificed a . . .t postoperative 24 h, 48 h and 72 h. Serum amilase, IL-2, IL-6 and lung tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured. Pleural effusion volume and lung/body weight (LW/BW) ratios were calculated. Tissue levels of TNF-alpha, IL-2 and IL-6 were screened immunohistochemically. Additionally, ox-LDL accumulation was assessed with immune-fluorescent staining. Histopathological alterations in the lungs were also scored. RESULTS: The mean pleural effusion volume, calculated LW/BW ratio, serum IL-6 and lung tissue MDA levels were significantly lower in EPO groups than in ANP groups. No statistically significant difference was observed in either serum or tissue values of IL-2 among the groups. The level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-6 and accumulation of ox-LDL were evident in the lung tissues of ANP groups when compared to EPO groups, particularly at 72 h. Histopathological evaluation confirmed the improvement in lung injury parameters after exogenous EPO administration, particularly, at 48 h and 72 h. CONCLUSION: EPO administration leads to a significant decrease in ALI parameters by inhibiting polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) accumulation, decreasing the levels of proinflammatory cytokines in circulation, preserving microvascular endothelial cell integrity and reducing oxidative stress-associated lipid peroxidation and therefore, can be regarded as a cytoprotective agent in ANP-induced ALI. (c) 2007 WJG. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The protective and anti-inflammatory effect of methylene blue in corrosive esophageal burns: An experimental study

Tanrıkulu, Ceren En | Tanrıkulu, Yusuf | Kılınç, Fahriye | Bahadır, Burak | Can, Murat | Köktürk, Fürüzan | Kefeli, Ayşe


BACKGROUND: In developing countries, esophageal burns are quite common. They are caused by the ingestion of corrosive substances that may lead to esophageal perforation in the short-term and stricture formation in the long-term. Prevention of stricture progression in the esophagus is the main aim of the treatment for corrosive esophageal burns. We aimed to investigate the protective and anti-inflammatory effects of methylene blue (MB) treatment on corrosive esophageal burns. METHODS: Twenty-eight rats were used in the study and randomly divided into four equal groups; group 1 (Sham), group 2 (control), group 3 (topical treatment), a . . .nd group 4 (topical plus systemic treatment). Except for group 1 (Sham group), all three groups received sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in order to generate esophageal burns. In addition, group 2 was given normal saline, group 3 topical MB, and group 4 topical and systemic MB. RESULTS: Hydroxyproline levels were found to be lower in each of the treatment groups as compared to the control group (p=0.005 for group 3 and p=0.009 for group 4). There were no differences in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels between the groups. The stenosis index (SI) in the treatment groups was also lower than the control group (p=0.016 for group 3 and p=0.015 group 4). The histopathologic damage score (HDS) was prominently lower in group 4 as compared to the control group (p=0.05). CONCLUSION: MB is effective in treating tissue damage caused by corrosive esophageal burns and in preventing esophageal stenosis. Complication rates of corrosive esophageal burns may be decreased by using MB in the initial treatment stage Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate on ischemic anastomosis of the left colon.

İrkörücü, Oktay | Uçan, Bülent Hamdi | Çakmak, Güldeniz Karadeniz | Taşçılar, Öğe | Emre, Ali Uğur | Ofluoğlu, Ebru | Bahadır, Burak | Karakaya, Kemal | Demirtaş, Canan | Paşaoğlu, Hatice | Ankaralı, Handan | Cömert, Mustafa

Article | 2009 | JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY22 ( 3 ) , pp.188 - 194

Introduction: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion. Methods: Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed by propylene sutures. In groups 2, 3, and 4, the animals underwent a standardized surgical procedure to induce ischemic left colon anastomosis. In group 2, an end-to-end anastomosis was created using six interrupted 6-0 polypropylene sutures between ischemic edges. In group 3, after approxima . . .ting the mesenteric and antimesenteric edges of the anastomosis with two 6-0 polypropylene sutures, 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate was applied between the edges. In group 4, anastomosis was created by the same technique as described in group 2, and additionally 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate was applied on suture line. Rats were killed on day 4 following operation. Anastomotic integrity, intraperitoneal adhesion scores, anastomotic bursting pressures, and tissue hydroxyproline levels were recorded. Histopathological examination of the anastomosis was also performed. Results: There were no statistically significant differences among groups with respect to anastomotic integrity (p =.142). The mean bursting pressure values were 81.1 23.83, 43.3 26.06, 15.8 11.3, and 17.6 18.02 in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among groups 2, 3, and 4 with respect to tissue hydroxyproline levels and bursting pressure levels. The highest adhesion scores were observed in groups 3 and 4. Discussion: 2-octyl cyanoacrylate does not have additional advantages in the healing of experimental ischemic colon anastomosis Daha fazlası Daha az

Rosiglitazone treatment reduces hippocampal neuronal damage possibly through alleviating oxidative stress in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion

Özaçmak-Sayan, Hale | Özaçmak, Veysel Haktan | Barut, Figen | Jakubowska-Doğru, Ewa

Article | 2012 | Neurochemistry International61 ( 3 ) , pp.287 - 290

Oxygen free radicals and lipid peroxidation may play significant roles in the progress of injury induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion of the central nervous system. Rosiglitazone, a well known activator of PPAR?, has neuroprotective properties in various animal models of acute central nervous system damage. In the present study, we evaluate the possible impact of rosiglitazone on chronic cerebral hypoperfused-rats in regard to the levels of oxidative stress, reduced glutathione, and hippocampal neuronal damage. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was generated by permanent ligation of both common carotid arteries of Wistar rats for . . .one month. Animals in treatment group were given rosiglitazone orally at doses of 1.5, 3, or 6 mg/kg per day of the 1 month duration. The treatment significantly lowered the levels of both malondialdehyde and neuronal damage, while elevated the reduced glutathione level markedly. These findings suggest that the beneficial effect of rosiglitazone on hypoperfusion-induced hippocampal neuronal damage might be the result of inhibition of oxidative insult. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Chronic treatment with resveratrol, a natural polyphenol found in grapes, alleviates oxidative stress and apoptotic cell death in ovariectomized female rats subjected to chronic cerebral hypoperfusion

Özaçmak, Veysel Haktan | Özaçmak-Sayan, Hale | Barut, Figen

Article | 2016 | Nutritional Neuroscience19 ( 4 ) , pp.176 - 186

Objectives: Resveratrol appears to have neuroprotective potential in various animal models of brain disorders including cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative diseases. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is a well-known pathological condition contributing to the neurodegenerative diseases such as vascular dementia. Purpose of the present study is to evaluate the possible therapeutic potential of resveratrol in a model of vascular dementia of ovariectomized female rats. Assessment of the potential was based on the determination of brain oxidative status, caspase-3 level, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and neuronal damage on hip . . .pocampus and cerebral cortex. Methods: For creating the model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, ovariectomized female Wistar rats were subjected to the modified two vessel occlusion method, with the right common carotid artery being occluded first and the left one a week later. Results: At the 15th day following the ligation, neuronal damage was accompanied by the increased immunoreactivities of both GFAP and caspase-3, and significant neurodegeneration was evident in the hippocampus and cortex, all of which were significantly alleviated with resveratrol treatment (10 mg/kg). Biochemical analysis revealed that the resveratrol treatment decreased lipid peroxidation and restored reduced glutathione level as well. Discussion: The collected data of the present study suggest that the administration of resveratrol may provide a remarkable therapeutic benefit for vascular dementia, which is most likely related to the prevention of both apoptotic cell death and oxidative stress. We believe that therapeutic efficacy of resveratrol deserves to be tested for potential clinical application in postmenopausal elderly women suffering from vascular dementia. © 2015 W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2015 Daha fazlası Daha az

Erdosteine improves oxidative damage in a rat model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury

Gürel, Ahmet | Armutcu, Ferah | Cihan, Alper | Numanoğlu, Kemal Varın | Unalacak, Murat

Article | 2004 | European Surgical Research36 ( 4 ) , pp.206 - 209

The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of erdosteine, a new antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, on lipid peroxidation, neutrophil infiltration, and antioxidant enzyme activities in a rat model of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Twenty-eight rats were divided into three groups: sham operation, I/R, and I/R plus erdosteine groups. After the experimental procedure, rats were sacrificed and kidneys were removed and prepared for malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, myeloperoxidase (MPO), xanthine oxidase (XO), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities. MDA level, MPO and XO activities were signifi . . .cantly increased in the I/R group. On the other hand, SOD and CAT activities were found to be decreased in the I/R group compared to the sham group. Pretreatment with erdosteine significantly diminished tissue MDA level, MPO and XO activities. Our data support a role for erdosteine in attenuation in renal damage after I/R injury of the kidney, in part at least by inhibition of neutrophil sequestration and XO activity. Copyright © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel Daha fazlası Daha az

Modulation of the oxidative stress and icam-1 levels by metformin in intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury

Turan, İnci | Özaçmak-Sayan, Hale | Özaçmak, Veysel Haktan | Barut, Figen

Proceedings | 2018 | ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA225 , pp.50 - 50

WOS: 000453220100106

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