Comprehensive and quantitative profiling of lipid molecular species by LC-ESI-MS/MS of four native species from semiarid Patagonian Monte

Cenzano, Ana M. | Arslan, İdris

Article | 2020 | Plant Physiology and Biochemistry146 , pp.447 - 456

The maintenance of lipid and fatty acids unsaturated composition has been described as one of the mechanisms associated to drought tolerance, but research about the lipid profile in native plants of semiarid environment is still limited. The primary objective was to study whether lipid profiles correlates with drought resistance strategies (tolerant or avoidant) of two life forms (shrubs and grasses). The lipid classes and molecular species of green leaves of Larrea divaricata and Lycium chilense shrubs and Pappostipa speciosa and Poa ligularis grasses were determined using LC–ESI-MS/MS. The soil water content was very low during sp . . .ring and leaf relative water content was between 47 and 74% in the four species. Lipid profiling was different between both life forms. The prevalent compounds were digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and phosphatidic acid (PA). The lipid signature shows that L. divaricata adjust its lipid composition to tolerate drought, increasing the content of: a) total lipids and total phospholipids, b) structural phospholipids (36:4 and 36:2-PC, phosphatidylcholine; 36:4-PE, phosphatidylethanolamine), c) chloroplast and mitochondria lipids (32:1 and 32:0-PG, phosphatidylglycerol; 34:3, 36:6 and 36:3-DGDG), d) signaling lipids (34:3, 34:2 and 36:5-PA and PI, phosphatidylinositol), and e) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, 18:3 and 18:2) and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs, in 40:2 and 42:2-PS, phosphatidylserine). This membrane lipid composition contributes to membrane stabilization as metabolic-functional strategy for drought tolerance in the Patagonian Monte. In addition, the 18:3 present in lipids of both grasses could be incorporated to lamb fed based on pastures and result healthy for human dietary. © 201 Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of electromagnetic induction on vibrational resonance in single neurons and neuronal networks

Baysal, Veli | Yılmaz, Ergin

Article | 2020 | Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications537 , pp.447 - 456

In this paper, Vibrational Resonance (VR), in which the response of some dynamical systems to a weak, low frequency signal can be enhanced by the optimal amplitude of high frequency signal, is investigated under the effects of electromagnetic induction in both single neurons and small-world networks. We find that the occurrence of VR in single neurons requires less energy in the presence of electromagnetic induction, although the resonant peak of the response reduces. Besides, VR can be obtained in small-world networks both with and without electromagnetic induction. In small-world neuronal networks, the highest resonance peak of VR . . . enhances with an increase in the probability of adding link in case of without electromagnetic induction. On the other hand, with the increasing of the probability of adding link, VR disappears in the presence of relatively strong electromagnetic induction, while it enhances in the presence of relatively weak electromagnetic induction. © 2019 Elsevier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

A theoretical description of inverse stochastic resonance in nature

Torres, Joaquín J. | Uzuntarla, Muhammet | Marro J.

Article | 2020 | Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation80 , pp.447 - 456

The inverse stochastic resonance (ISR) phenomenon consists of an unexpected depression in the response of a system under external noise, e.g., as observed in the mean firing rate in some pacemaker neurons subject to moderate values of noise. A possible cause for such unexpected reaction is the occurrence of a bistable regime controlling these neurons dynamics. We here explore theoretically the emergence of ISR in a general bistable model system, and thus determine the specific conditions the potential function driving the dynamics must accomplish. We conclude that such an intriguing, and apparently widely observed, phenomenon ensues . . . in the case of an asymmetric potential function when the high activity minimum state of the system is metastable having a larger basin of attraction than the low activity state which is the global minimum of the system. We then discuss on the relevance of such a picture to understand the ISR features and to predict its appearance in nature. In addition, we report on existence of another intriguing, non-standard stochastic resonance in our model even in the absence of any weak signal input. Depending on the shape of the potential function, this new phenomenon shows up together with ISR precisely within the theoretical framework we present in this paper. © 2019 Elsevier B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

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