Synthesis and characterization of ozonated oil nanoemulsions

Tığlı-Aydın, Rahime Seda | Kazancı, Füsun

Article | 2018 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society95 ( 11 ) , pp.1385 - 1398

In recent years, the use of ozonated oil (ozone enriched oil form) is being increasingly preferred for biomedical applications because of its antibacterial activity. Among most important reasons of this choice is the high molecular affinity of the ozone molecule and intracellular effects of the products of ozone and the unsaturated fatty-acid chemical reactions in cellular signaling systems. The aim of the present study was to synthesize and optimize the ozonated oil nanoemulsion system that would be transferred into the living systems easily, suggesting a promising carrier system for various biomedical applications. By varying form . . .ulation parameters (surfactant-to-oil ratio, surfactant concentration, mixing rate, and surfactant type), nanoemulsions were investigated in terms of mean particle diameters, distributions, and stabilities. Nanoemulsions with high stability and small droplet diameters (212.7 nm) could be produced under optimized conditions with Tween 40 as the surfactant at a 750 rpm mixing rate using the emulsion inversion point (EIP) low-energy method. Spherical and uniformly distributed nanoemulsions were observed by SEM, which also supports mean particle diameter measurements. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and 13C NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) studies indicated an ozonide structure within the nanoemulsion system, which remained even after 30 days of storage. The antibacterial activity of ozonated oil emulsions against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli suggests promising applications in the biomedical field. © 2018 AOC Daha fazlası Daha az

Biodegradable poly(ε-caprolactone)-based graft copolymers via poly(linoleic acid): In vitro enzymatic evaluation

Allı, Sema | Tığlı-Aydın, Rahime Seda | Allı, Abdülkadir | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2015 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society92 ( 3 ) , pp.449 - 458

Well-defined graft copolymers based on poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL) via poly(linoleic acid) (PLina), are derived from soybean oil. Poly(linoleic acid)-g-poly(?-caprolactone) (PLina-g-PCL) and poly(linoleic acid)-g-poly(styrene)-g-poly(?-caprolactone) (PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL) were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of ?-caprolactone initiated by PLina and one-pot synthesis of graft copolymers, and by ring-opening polymerization and free radical polymerization by using PLina, respectively. PLina-g-PCL, PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL3, and PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL4 copolymers containing 96.97, 75.04 and 80.34 mol% CL, respectively, have been investigated . . . regarding their enzymatic degradation properties in the presence of Pseudomonas lipase. In terms of weight loss, after 1 month, 51.5% of PLina-g-PCL, 18.8% of PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL3, and 38.4% of PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL4 were degraded, leaving remaining copolymers with molecular weights of 16,140, 83,220 and 70,600 Da, respectively. Introducing the PLina unit into the copolymers greatly decreased the degradation rate. The molar ratio of [CL]/[Lina] dramatically decreased, from 21.3 to 8.4, after 30 days of incubation. Moreover, reduced PCL content in PLina-g-PSt-g-PCL copolymers decreased the degradation rate, probably due to the PSt enrichment within the structure, which blocks lipase contact with PCL units. Thus, copolymerization of PCL with PLina and PSt units leads to a controllable degradation profile, which encourages the use of these polymers as promising biomaterials for tissue engineering applications. © AOCS 2015 Daha fazlası Daha az

Influence of Soybean Oil Blending with Polylactic Acid (PLA) Films: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation

Aydın, R. Seda Tığlı | Akyol, Elvan | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2017 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society94 ( 3 ) , pp.413 - 424

Due to the great interest in oil-based polymers, which are prepared from renewable resources, different forms and amounts of soybean oil-based PLA films were prepared and evaluated for their potential usage as a medical biomaterial. Soybean oil, epoxidized soybean oil and auto-oxidized soybean oil were blended with PLA and PLA/oil films with appropriate oil amounts [2, 7, 14 and 20% (w/w)] were obtained by solvent casting. Thermal stability and plasticization effect were determined by adjusting oil amounts and type. Epoxidized soybean oil blended films showed the smallest increase in elongation breaks (13–20%) and the highest decrea . . .se in thermal decomposition temperatures (364–327 °C) compared to other oil blended films. In vitro quantitative and qualitative cytotoxicity results showed no reactivity (grade 0) for the L929 cells treated with 14% (w/w) oil blended PLA films. In vivo irritation and implantation tests concluded that 14% (w/w) oil blended PLA films were non-irritant. No erythema, no oedema reactions, no traumatic necrosis and foreign debris were observed. Thus, along with superior biocompatibility, PLA/oil films can replace petroleum-based products for several biomedical uses. © 2017, AOCS Daha fazlası Daha az

Ecofriendly autoxidation of castor oil/ricinoleic acid. Multifunctional macroperoxide initiators for multi block/graft copolymers

Hazer, Baki | Eren, Melike

Article | 2019 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society96 ( 4 ) , pp.421 - 432

Ecofriendly autoxidation is a reaction of air oxygen with unsaturated organic molecules at room temperature. Castor oil and ricinoleic acid were ecofriendly autoxidized for 5 months to obtain castor oil macroperoxide with a Mn of 1935 g mol -1 (Pcast5m) and the ricinoleic acid macroperoxide initiator (Prici5m) with a Mn of 1169 g mol -1 . Peroxide groups thermally initiated the free radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA), n-butyl methacrylate (nBMA), and styrene (S). Peroxide formation in the oxidized castor oil and ricinoleic acid was confirmed using iodometric analysis, elemental analysis, and differential scanning ca . . .lorimetry technique. Peroxide decomposition in both macroperoxide initiators was observed at 166 °C for Prici5m and 170 °C for Pcast5m. Hydroxyl groups of Pcast5m were reacted with methacryloyl chloride to obtain methacrylated castor oil macroperoxide (PcastMA). The polymerization rates of the obtained macroinitiators were compared. The polymerization rate order is Pcast5m > Prici5m > PcastMA. Polymerization of styrene by PcastMA resulted in an increase in molar masses and an increase in the polymerization time while those of the styrene polymerization by Pcast5m and Prici5m remained constant. Carboxylic acid groups were reacted with amine-terminated polyethylene glycol (PEG), polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS), and polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF) while the hydroxyl functionality initiated the ring-opening polymerization of ?-caprolactone (CL). Prici-PEG-PMMA, Prici-PS-PDMS, Prici-PS-PTHF, Pcast-PS-PCL, Pcast-PCL-PMMA, and Pcast-PS-PnBMA multiblock copolymers were prepared and characterized using spectrometric, thermal, and stress–strain measurement techniques. © 2019 AOC Daha fazlası Daha az

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