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The effect of neomycin on survival and development of Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) reared on a natural host

Harmancı, Cumhur | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2019 | Journal of Economic Entomology112 ( 3 ) , pp.1081 - 1088

Understanding the effects of diet on metabolic events is crucial for biological control programs of parasitoid insects. As bioindicators of long-term physiological stress: survivorship of fifth instar larvae, pupation, adult survival, and developmental time for stages of endoparasitoid Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) were investigated by rearing the parasitoid on the host, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) pupae were treated with neomycin. First instar larvae of G. mellonella were reared on artificial diets containing 0.005, 0.01, or 0.5 g neomycin (g/100 g of diet) until seventh instar larvae; the p . . .upae from these larvae were used as a host for rearing P. turionellae. In the control group, the pupae from larvae reared on artificial diets without neomycin were used as a host. Survivorship of fifth instar, pupal, and adult stages of P. turionellae L. reared on G. mellonella pupae as a host fed with different concentrations of neomycin were significantly decreased in comparison to the control group. Approximately eighty percent of P. turionellae L. pupae were produced from control host pupae, while other neomycin concentrations significantly decreased the pupation of the parasitoid. Pimpla turionellae L. larvae reared on control host pupae reached fifth instar in about 9.6 ± 0.61 d, while the larvae reared from a host pupae exposed to the highest antibiotic concentration completed their development to the fifth instar in about 7.4 d. These results showed that neomycin, and possibly its metabolites, contaminated P. turionellae L. larvae from a host and affected larval stages of the parasitoid. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America Daha fazlası Daha az

Karyotype of Taphozous nudiventris cretzschmar, 1830 (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from Turkey

Karataş, Ahmet | Sözen, Mustafa

Article | 2002 | Israel Journal of Zoology48 ( 4 ) , pp.359 - 360

[No abstract available]

Exposure to streptomycin alters oxidative and antioxidative response in larval midgut tissues of Galleria mellonella

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Kalender, Yusuf

Article | 2009 | Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology94 ( 02.Mar ) , pp.112 - 118

Although antibiotics have different molecular modes of actions, increasing evidence for their secondary effects suggests that they disturb cellular homeostasis by generating free radical intermediates that trigger lipid peroxidation, which leads to oxidative stress. Streptomycin is an antibiotic insecticide used to control pest insects and microbial diseases of agricultural crops. We investigated the biochemical basis for pro-oxidative effects of streptomycin in the midgut tissues of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.) seventh-instar larvae by measuring content of the oxidative stress indicator, malondialdehyde (MDA), and ant . . .ioxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] and transaminases [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST)] activities. The insects were reared from first-instar larvae on artificial diets containing 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0 g streptomycin per 100 g of diets. The supplementation of streptomycin at high concentrations to the diets caused oxidative stress as evidenced by the elevation of MDA content, SOD and GPx activities, accompanied by the concurrent depletion of CAT and GST activities. The streptomycin-induced oxidative stress was also accompanied by decreases of transaminases activities in midgut tissues. We found a significant negative correlation of MDA contents with GST activities in the larval midgut tissues. These results suggest that exposure to dietary streptomycin resulted in oxidative stress which could impact midgut digestive physiology at the expense of impairment of antioxidant and transaminases enzymes in G. mellonella larvae. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The effect of anthelmintic triclabendazole on survival and development of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) L. reared on artificial diet.

Kılıç, Ali | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2015 | KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI21 ( 6 ) , pp.841 - 847

The effect of triclabendazole, which is a benzimidazole anthelmintic, on the survival rate and developmental time in different stages of greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (L.) was investigated by rearing the larvae on the artificial diets. Triclabendazole was incorporated into diets at concentrations of 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1%. G. mellonella larvae was reared from first instar larvae to adult emergence on the artificial diets with different concentrations of triclabendazole. The survival rate in seventh instar (7th-instar) and adult stage were significantly lower at low concentrations of this anthelmintic agent (0.001 and 0.01 g per . . .100 g of diet) than the control, while there were no differences on pupation in comparison to control diet. However, the pupation and adult emergence were significantly lower at the highest dietary concentration of triclabendazole than control group but there were no differences on survival of 7th-instar larvae. The highest concentration of the anthelmintic agent (0.1 g/100 g diet) decreased pupation from 81.6 +/- 4.32% to 43.3 +/- 7.45%, adult emergence rate from 73.3 +/- 2.36 to 13.3 +/- 2.36. Triclabendazole at the highest concentration prolonged developmental time to 7th larval stage by 3.8 days reaching total 22.8 +/- 1.54 days. This diet containing 0.1% of triclabendazole significantly prolonged pupal developmental time from 24.6 +/- 1.24 days to 28.4 +/- 1.24 days, adult developmental time from 35.3 +/- 1.27 days to 42.0 +/- 1.62 days. This study is of importance in appreciation for usage of antihelmintic with different structure and mode of actions in the management of pest insects to reduce damage to environment and nontarget organisms Daha fazlası Daha az

Calli ultrastructure of globularia trichosantha ssp trichosanthale

Atar, Havva | Çölgeçen, Hatice | Akgül, Gencay

Article | 2017 | PERIODICUM BIOLOGORUM119 ( 3 ) , pp.209 - 218

Background and Purpose: This study aimed to produce calli with explants of aseptic seedlings after germination of G. trichosantha ssp. trichosantha seeds by plant tissue culture method and to examine the ultrastructure of the produced calli with electron microscope preparation. Materials and Methods: Seeds of G. trichosantha ssp. trichosantha were germinated in hormone-free Murashige and Skoog in in vitro conditions. Hypocotyl, epicotyl, cotyledon, young primer leaf, apical meristem and root explants taken from 30-day aseptic seedlings were transferred to Murashige and Skoog media for callus production which contained varying concen . . .trations of 6-benzilamynopurine, indole acetic acid and 2,4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Results: Two types of calli were determined: Yellow calli (Type 1) and Black calli (Type 2) with darkened colour and appearance that have not lost their development properties. Following lead staining, thin sections were examined by transmission electron microscope. The best callus production occurred at the Murashige and Skoog medium containing indole acetic acid and 6-benzilamynopurine and in root explants. The cells of Type 1 calli were spherical and large. The cells contained usually one nucleus and nucleolus. Also the cells contained a very large vacuole, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids. Deformed cells and spherical cells were determined in Type 2 calli. The cells were observed to have smaller vacoules and higher numbers of mitochondria different from Type 1 calli. Type 1 and Type 2 calli showed bulging mitochondrial cristae. Electrondense droplets were observed in vacuoles of both Type 1 and Type 2 calli Daha fazlası Daha az

Anomodon longifolius (Anomodontaceae, Bryopsida) new to the bryophyte flora of Turkey

Ören, Muhammet | Uyar, Güray | Keçeli, Tamer

Note | 2010 | Turkish Journal of Botany34 ( 2 ) , pp.141 - 145

Anomodon longifolius (Schleich. ex Brid.) Hartm. is reported for the first time from Turkey, bringing the total number of Anomodon species known from Turkey to 6. This record extends its distribution range to the Western Black Sea region of Turkey. The nearest localities to Turkey for this species are in Bulgaria, Greece, the Caucasus, and Iran. This submeridional species was collected from 3 different localities (in Bolu and Barti{dotless}n provinces) in Turkey. A site description, illustrations, and diagnostic characters of the Turkish specimens are given, together with notes on its distribution and ecology. © TÜBİTAK.

Antihelmintik triklabendazolun yapay besin ile beslenen Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvalarının yaşama ve gelişimine etkisi

Kılıç, Ali | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2015 | Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi21 ( 6 ) , pp.841 - 847

Benzimidazol grubu bir antihelmintik olan triklabendazolun yapay besin kullanılarak Büyük bal mumu güvesi Galleria mellonella (L.) larvalarının ergin evreye kadar farklı gelişme evrelerinde yaşama oranına ve gelişme süresine etkisi incelendi. Triklabendazol yapay besine %0.001, 0.01 ve 0.1 oranlarında ilave edilerek birinci evre larvaları besinlerde ergin oluncaya kadar yetiştirildi. Antihelmintik maddenin düşük konsantrasyonlarında (0.001 ve 0.01 g/100 g besin), son evre larva oranı (7. evre) ve ergin olma oranı kontrole göre önemli derecede düşük bulunurken, pupa olma oranı bakımından kontrol ile arasında istatistiksel farklılık o . . .luşmadı. Bunun tersine, denenen antihelmintik maddenin en yüksek besinsel konsantrasyonunda, pupa evresine ve ergin evreye ulaşma oranı kontrol grubundan önemli derecede düşük tespit edilirken 7. evreye ulaşan larva oranı bakımından kontrol ile arasında farklılık görülmedi. Triklabendazolun en yüksek konsantrasyonu (0.1 g/100 g besin) pupa olma oranını %81.6±4.32'den %43.3±7.45'e, ergin olma oranını %73.3±2.36'dan %13.3±2.36'ya düşürdü. En yüksek antihelmintik konsantrasyonu 7. evreye ulaşma süresini yaklaşık 3.8 gün uzatarak 22.8±1.54 güne ulaştırdı. Triklabendazolun %0.1 oranını içeren besin kontrol besinindeki 24.6±1.24 gün olan pupa olma süresini 28.4±1.24 güne, 35.3±1.27 gün olan ergin olma süresini 42.0±1.62 güne önemli derecede uzattı. Bu çalışma farklı kimyasal yapı ve etki mekanizmasına sahip antihelmintiklerin zararlı böceklerin mücadelesinde hedef olmayan canlılara ve çevreye karşı en az zararla kullanılabilirliğinin araştırılması açısından önemlidir The effect of triclabendazole, which is a benzimidazole anthelmintic, on the survival rate and developmental time in different stages of greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (L.) was investigated by rearing the larvae on the artificial diets. Triclabendazole was incorporated into diets at concentrations of 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1%. G. mellonella larvae was reared from first instar larvae to adult emergence on the artificial diets with different concentrations of triclabendazole. The survival rate in seventh instar (7th-instar) and adult stage were significantly lower at low concentrations of this anthelmintic agent (0.001 and 0.01 g per 100 g of diet) than the control, while there were no differences on pupation in comparison to control diet. However, the pupation and adult emergence were significantly lower at the highest dietary concentration of triclabendazole than control group but there were no differences on survival of 7th-instar larvae. The highest concentration of the anthelmintic agent (0.1 g/100 g diet) decreased pupation from 81.6±4.32% to 43.3±7.45%, adult emergence rate from 73.3±2.36 to 13.3±2.36. Triclabendazole at the highest concentration prolonged developmental time to 7th larval stage by 3.8 days reaching total 22.8±1.54 days. This diet containing 0.1% of triclabendazole significantly prolonged pupal developmental time from 24.6±1.24 days to 28.4±1.24 days, adult developmental time from 35.3±1.27 days to 42.0±1.62 days. This study is of importance in appreciation for usage of antihelmintic with different structure and mode of actions in the management of pest insects to reduce damage to environment and nontarget organism Daha fazlası Daha az

The effects of boric acid-induced oxidative stress on antioxidant enzymes and survivorship in Galleria mellonella

Hyršl, Pavel | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2007 | Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology66 ( 1 ) , pp.23 - 31

Larvae of the wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), were reared from first instar on a diet supplemented with 156, 620, 1,250, or 2,500 ppm boric acid (BA). The content of malondialdehyde (MDA, an oxidative stress indicator), and activities of the antioxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] were determined in the fat body and hemolymph in the 7th instar larvae and newly emerged pupae. Relative to control larvae, MDA was significantly increased in larval hemolymph, larval and pupal fat body, but decreased in the pupal hemolymph. Insects reared on di . . .ets with 156-and 620-ppm BA doses yielded increased SOD activity but 1,250- and 2,500-ppm doses resulted in decreased SOD activity in larval hemolymph. SOD activity was significantly increased but CAT was decreased in the larval fat body. High dietary BA treatments led to significantly decreased GST activity. However, they increased GPx activity in larval hemolymph. Dietary BA also affected larval survival. The 1,250- and 2,500-ppm concentrations led to significantly increased larval and pupal mortality and prolonged development. In contrast, the lowest BA concentration increased longevity and shortened development. We infer that BA toxicity is related, at least in part, to oxidative stress management. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of antiviral agent acyclovir on thymidine kinase activity of a model insect, greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, Meltem | Küçük, Ceyhun | Atılgan, Utku Can

Proceedings | 2016 | FEBS JOURNAL283 , pp.66 - 66

41st FEBS Congress on Molecular and Systems Biology for a Better Life -- SEP 03-08, 2016 -- Kusadasi, TURKEY WOS: 000383616900195

Molecular Survey of Babesia microti (Aconoidasida: Piroplasmida) in Wild Rodents in Turkey

Usluca, Selma | Celebi, Bekir | Karasartova, Djursun | Güreser, Semra | Matur, Ferhat | Öktem, Mehmet Ali | Sözen, Mustafa | Karataş, Ahmet | Babur, Cahit | Mumcuoğlu, Kosta | Özkan-Taylan Ayşegül

Review | 2019 | Journal of Medical Entomology56 ( 6 ) , pp.1605 - 1609

Babesia microti (Aconoidasida: Piroplasmida) (Franca, 1910) is an important tick-borne zoonotic parasite with rodents serving as reservoir hosts. In the present study, 536 rodents were captured from Burdur, Bartin, Giresun, and Yozgat provinces of Turkey between the years 2010 and 2012, and blood samples were examined for the presence of Babesia spp. using conventional PCR which targeted the 18S rRNA gene. The sequence analysis of PCR amplicons was tested for B. microti as well as for Hepatozoon spp., and Sarcocystis spp. Overall, 5.8% of the rodents were positive for B. microti: 41% in Myodes glareolus, 7.7% in Chionomys roberti, a . . .nd 2% in Apodemus spp., whereas no Babesia DNA was detected in Mus macedonicus and Microtus spp. Six rodents were positive for Hepatozoon spp. and one rodent was positive for Sarcocystis spp. Overall, 14.9 and 4.5% of rodents captured from Bartin and Giresun provinces, respectively, were PCR positive for B. microti, whereas none of rodents captured in Burdur and Yozgat were positive for Babesia spp. The sequence data of B. microti from rodents revealed that all sequences belonged to the zoonotic genotype. Sequences of B. microti obtained from rodents of the Bartin province were genotypically closer to European isolates, whereas those obtained from rodents of the Giresun province were closer to Russian and Mongolian isolates. © 2019 Crown copyright 2019 Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of some antimicrobial agents on the total protein content of the endoparasitoid Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2002 | Turkish Journal of Zoology26 ( 1 ) , pp.101 - 109

Endoparazitoid zarkanatlı türü, Pimpla turionellae L., kimyasal yapısı bilinen sentetik besin ortamlarında aseptik şartlarda beslenerek farklı yapı ve etkiye sahip olan onüç antimikrobiyal ajanın böceğin pup evresindeki total protein miktarına etkileri incelendi. Bu etkiler antimikrobiyal ajanın üeşidine ve besindeki miktarına göre değişmektedir. Pupların total protein miktarı penisillin, streptomisin, rifampisin, tetrasiklin hidroklorür, linkomisin hidroklorür, metil p-hidroksibenzoat, sikloheksimid, ve sodyum benzoat tarafından önemli derecede artırılırken nistatin ise bu miktarı azaltmıştır.Diğer denenen ajanlar ise böceğin prote . . .in miktarına önemli bir etki yapmamıştır.Antimikrobiyal ajanlar aynı zamanda besinsel miktarlarına baÛlı olarak böceğin yaş vucut ağırlığı üzerinde etkili olmußtur. Bu ajanların bazı miktarlarını içeren besinler ile beslenen larvaların oluşturduğu pupların kontrol besinindekilere göre daha düşük vucut ağırlığına sahip oldukları ancak bunların daha fazla protein içerdikleri tespit edilmiştir. Nistatinin 45 mg'ının ilave edildiği besin ise pupların yaş ağırlığında ve bunların protein miktarında önemli bir azalmaya neden olmuştur. The effects of thirteen antimicrobial agents that have different structures and modes of action on the total protein content of pupae of the hymenopterous endoparasitoid, Pimpla turionellae L., were investigated by rearing the larvae aseptically on chemically defined synthetic diets. These effects varied according to the their kind and dietary levels. The protein content of the pupae was significantly increased by penicillin, streptomycin, rifampicin, tetracycline hydrochloride, lincomycin hydrochloride, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate, cycloheximide and sodium benzoate, while it was decreased by nystatin. The other tested antimicrobial agents had no significant effects on the total protein content of the insect. Depending on dietary levels, most of the tested agents also had an effect on the body wet weight of the insect. It was demonstrated that pupae from larvae fed on diets with some levels of tested antimicrobial agents had a lower body wet weight but contained more protein content than those of the control diet. The diet with 45 mg of nystatin caused a significant decrease in the wet weight of the pupae and their protein content Daha fazlası Daha az

Penicillin-induced oxidative stress: Effects on antioxidative response of midgut tissues in instars of Galleria mellonella

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Kalender, Yusuf

Article | 2007 | Journal of Economic Entomology100 ( 5 ) , pp.1533 - 1541

Penicillin and other antibiotics are routinely incorporated in insect culture media. Although culturing insects in the presence of antibiotics is a decades-old practice, antibiotics can exert deleterious influences on insects. In this article, we test the hypothesis that one of the effects of dietary penicillin is to increase oxidative stress on insects. The effects of penicillin on midgut concentrations of the oxidative stress indicator malondialdehyde (MDA) and on midgut antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione S-transferase [GST], and glutathione peroxidase [GPx]) and transaminases (alanine amin . . .otransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) activities in greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), were investigated. The insects were reared from first instars on artificial diets containing 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, or 1.0 g penicillin per 100 g of diets. MDA content was significantly increased in the midgut tissues of each larval instar reared in the presence of high penicillin concentrations. Activities of antioxidant and transaminase enzymes did not show a consistent pattern with respect to penicillin concentrations in diet or age of larvae. Despite the increased penicillin-induced oxidative stress in gut tissue, antioxidant and transaminase enzymes did not correlate with oxidative stress level or between each other in larvae of other age stages except for the seventh instar. We found a significant negative correlation of MDA content with SOD and GST activities in seventh instars. SOD activity was also negatively correlated with CAT activity in seventh instars. These results suggest that exposure to dietary penicillin resulted in impaired enzymatic antioxidant defense capacity and metabolic functions in wax moth larval midgut tissues and that the resulting oxidative stress impacts midgut digestive physiology. © 2007 Entomological Society of America Daha fazlası Daha az

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