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Koleksiyon [19]
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The effect of neomycin on survival and development of Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) reared on a natural host

Harmancı, Cumhur | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2019 | Journal of Economic Entomology112 ( 3 ) , pp.1081 - 1088

Understanding the effects of diet on metabolic events is crucial for biological control programs of parasitoid insects. As bioindicators of long-term physiological stress: survivorship of fifth instar larvae, pupation, adult survival, and developmental time for stages of endoparasitoid Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) were investigated by rearing the parasitoid on the host, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) pupae were treated with neomycin. First instar larvae of G. mellonella were reared on artificial diets containing 0.005, 0.01, or 0.5 g neomycin (g/100 g of diet) until seventh instar larvae; the p . . .upae from these larvae were used as a host for rearing P. turionellae. In the control group, the pupae from larvae reared on artificial diets without neomycin were used as a host. Survivorship of fifth instar, pupal, and adult stages of P. turionellae L. reared on G. mellonella pupae as a host fed with different concentrations of neomycin were significantly decreased in comparison to the control group. Approximately eighty percent of P. turionellae L. pupae were produced from control host pupae, while other neomycin concentrations significantly decreased the pupation of the parasitoid. Pimpla turionellae L. larvae reared on control host pupae reached fifth instar in about 9.6 ± 0.61 d, while the larvae reared from a host pupae exposed to the highest antibiotic concentration completed their development to the fifth instar in about 7.4 d. These results showed that neomycin, and possibly its metabolites, contaminated P. turionellae L. larvae from a host and affected larval stages of the parasitoid. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America Daha fazlası Daha az

The effect of anthelmintic triclabendazole on survival and development of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) L. reared on artificial diet.

Kılıç, Ali | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2015 | KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI21 ( 6 ) , pp.841 - 847

The effect of triclabendazole, which is a benzimidazole anthelmintic, on the survival rate and developmental time in different stages of greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (L.) was investigated by rearing the larvae on the artificial diets. Triclabendazole was incorporated into diets at concentrations of 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1%. G. mellonella larvae was reared from first instar larvae to adult emergence on the artificial diets with different concentrations of triclabendazole. The survival rate in seventh instar (7th-instar) and adult stage were significantly lower at low concentrations of this anthelmintic agent (0.001 and 0.01 g per . . .100 g of diet) than the control, while there were no differences on pupation in comparison to control diet. However, the pupation and adult emergence were significantly lower at the highest dietary concentration of triclabendazole than control group but there were no differences on survival of 7th-instar larvae. The highest concentration of the anthelmintic agent (0.1 g/100 g diet) decreased pupation from 81.6 +/- 4.32% to 43.3 +/- 7.45%, adult emergence rate from 73.3 +/- 2.36 to 13.3 +/- 2.36. Triclabendazole at the highest concentration prolonged developmental time to 7th larval stage by 3.8 days reaching total 22.8 +/- 1.54 days. This diet containing 0.1% of triclabendazole significantly prolonged pupal developmental time from 24.6 +/- 1.24 days to 28.4 +/- 1.24 days, adult developmental time from 35.3 +/- 1.27 days to 42.0 +/- 1.62 days. This study is of importance in appreciation for usage of antihelmintic with different structure and mode of actions in the management of pest insects to reduce damage to environment and nontarget organisms Daha fazlası Daha az

Antihelmintik triklabendazolun yapay besin ile beslenen Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvalarının yaşama ve gelişimine etkisi

Kılıç, Ali | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2015 | Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi21 ( 6 ) , pp.841 - 847

Benzimidazol grubu bir antihelmintik olan triklabendazolun yapay besin kullanılarak Büyük bal mumu güvesi Galleria mellonella (L.) larvalarının ergin evreye kadar farklı gelişme evrelerinde yaşama oranına ve gelişme süresine etkisi incelendi. Triklabendazol yapay besine %0.001, 0.01 ve 0.1 oranlarında ilave edilerek birinci evre larvaları besinlerde ergin oluncaya kadar yetiştirildi. Antihelmintik maddenin düşük konsantrasyonlarında (0.001 ve 0.01 g/100 g besin), son evre larva oranı (7. evre) ve ergin olma oranı kontrole göre önemli derecede düşük bulunurken, pupa olma oranı bakımından kontrol ile arasında istatistiksel farklılık o . . .luşmadı. Bunun tersine, denenen antihelmintik maddenin en yüksek besinsel konsantrasyonunda, pupa evresine ve ergin evreye ulaşma oranı kontrol grubundan önemli derecede düşük tespit edilirken 7. evreye ulaşan larva oranı bakımından kontrol ile arasında farklılık görülmedi. Triklabendazolun en yüksek konsantrasyonu (0.1 g/100 g besin) pupa olma oranını %81.6±4.32'den %43.3±7.45'e, ergin olma oranını %73.3±2.36'dan %13.3±2.36'ya düşürdü. En yüksek antihelmintik konsantrasyonu 7. evreye ulaşma süresini yaklaşık 3.8 gün uzatarak 22.8±1.54 güne ulaştırdı. Triklabendazolun %0.1 oranını içeren besin kontrol besinindeki 24.6±1.24 gün olan pupa olma süresini 28.4±1.24 güne, 35.3±1.27 gün olan ergin olma süresini 42.0±1.62 güne önemli derecede uzattı. Bu çalışma farklı kimyasal yapı ve etki mekanizmasına sahip antihelmintiklerin zararlı böceklerin mücadelesinde hedef olmayan canlılara ve çevreye karşı en az zararla kullanılabilirliğinin araştırılması açısından önemlidir The effect of triclabendazole, which is a benzimidazole anthelmintic, on the survival rate and developmental time in different stages of greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (L.) was investigated by rearing the larvae on the artificial diets. Triclabendazole was incorporated into diets at concentrations of 0.001, 0.01 or 0.1%. G. mellonella larvae was reared from first instar larvae to adult emergence on the artificial diets with different concentrations of triclabendazole. The survival rate in seventh instar (7th-instar) and adult stage were significantly lower at low concentrations of this anthelmintic agent (0.001 and 0.01 g per 100 g of diet) than the control, while there were no differences on pupation in comparison to control diet. However, the pupation and adult emergence were significantly lower at the highest dietary concentration of triclabendazole than control group but there were no differences on survival of 7th-instar larvae. The highest concentration of the anthelmintic agent (0.1 g/100 g diet) decreased pupation from 81.6±4.32% to 43.3±7.45%, adult emergence rate from 73.3±2.36 to 13.3±2.36. Triclabendazole at the highest concentration prolonged developmental time to 7th larval stage by 3.8 days reaching total 22.8±1.54 days. This diet containing 0.1% of triclabendazole significantly prolonged pupal developmental time from 24.6±1.24 days to 28.4±1.24 days, adult developmental time from 35.3±1.27 days to 42.0±1.62 days. This study is of importance in appreciation for usage of antihelmintic with different structure and mode of actions in the management of pest insects to reduce damage to environment and nontarget organism Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of antiviral agent acyclovir on thymidine kinase activity of a model insect, greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, Meltem | Küçük, Ceyhun | Atılgan, Utku Can

Proceedings | 2016 | FEBS JOURNAL283 , pp.66 - 66

41st FEBS Congress on Molecular and Systems Biology for a Better Life -- SEP 03-08, 2016 -- Kusadasi, TURKEY WOS: 000383616900195

Niklozamidin Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)’nın bazı biyolojik ve fizyolojik özelliklerine etkisi

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Kayaoğlu, Selver

Article | 2014 | Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi38 ( 1 ) , pp.83 - 99

Salisilanilidler bağırsak şeridi gibi parazitlerin mitokondrisinde oksidatif fosforilasyonu inhibe ederek etkisini gösterirler ve bu antiparazitik ilaçlar tıpta ve veterinerlikte kullanılmaktadır. Niklozamidin potansiyel antihelmintik aktivitesi memelilerde iyi bir şekilde ortaya konulmuş, bu çalışmada da Galleria mellonella larvaları kullanılarak niklozamidin in vivo insektisit etkisi araştırılmıştır. Niklozamid, 7. dönem larva, pupa ve ergin evrelerinin yaşama oranını önemli derecede düşürürken, en yüksek konsantrasyonu (% 1,0) ergin gelişme süresini önemli derecede uzatmıştır. Dişilerin yumurta verimi kontrol besininde 78,6 ± 6,1 . . . yumurta sayısı/gün/dişi olarak tespit edilmiştir. % 0,1’lik niklozamid ile beslenildiğinde ise bu değer 114,7 ± 10,9 yumurta sayısı/gün/dişi’ a yükselmiştir; bunun yanısıra en yüksek konsantrasyonda (% 1,0) hiç yumurta elde edilememiştir. Niklozamidin en yüksek konsantrasyonunda (% 1,0) erkek ergin ömür uzunluğu artmıştır. Ayrıca, niklozamid yumurta açılımını da denenen tüm konsantrasyonlarda önemli oranda düşürmüştür. % 0,1’lik niklozamid konsantrasyonunda malondialdehit (MDA) miktarı 4 kat, glutatyon- S-transferaz enzimi (GST) aktivitesi ise 2 kat artmıştır. Kontrol besinine göre (133,24 ± 23,6 nmol/mg protein) niklozamidin denenen konsantrasyonları protein karbonil (PCO) miktarını en az 5 kat (701,24 - 808,02 nmol/mg protein) önemli derecede arttırmıştır. Bu çalışmada Galleria mellonella model böcek olarak kullanılarak, böceklerle mücadelede belirli klinik öneme sahip antihelmintik ilaçların aktif şekilde kullanılabilirliği belirtilmiştir. Ayrıca, bu çalışmanın sonuçları niklozamidin prooksidan etkisine bağlı olarak biyolojik ve aynı zamanda böceğin antioksidan savunma cevabı üzerine negatif etkisi olduğunu göstermiştir. The salisilanilides function by inhibiting mitocondrial oxidative phosphorylation in parasitic tapeworms and thus they are used as an antiparasitic drug in medicine and veterinary. While the potent antihelmintic activity of niclosamide has been well characterised in mammals, this study investigated the in vivo insecticide effect of niclosamide using larvae of the insect Galleria mellonella. Niclosamide was successful in decreasing the survival of 7th instar larvae, pupal and adult stages while only the highest concentration of this antihelmintic antibiotic (1.0 %) significantly prolonged developmental time to adult stage. Fecundity of females was obtained as 78.6 ± 6.1 number of eggs/day/female in control diet. Fecundity were increased to 114.7 ± 10.9 at 0.1% of niclosamide. However, we could not obtain any egg at the highest concentration. An increase in the male adult longevity was obtained when reared with the highest concentrations of niclosamide. Niclosamid rearing resulted in a decrease in hatchability of eggs. Niclosamide at 0.1 % of concentration increased malondialdehyde (MDA) content (4-fold), glutathion-S-transferase (GST) activity (2-fold). Relative to control (133.24 ± 23.6 nmol/mg protein), niclosamide at tested concentrations significantly increased protein carbonyl (PCO) content at least 5-fold (701.24- 808.02 nmol/mg protein). This work indicates that G. mellonella larvae may be used as a good model to ascertain importance of clincally important antihelmintic drug active ingredients in chemical management of pest insects. The results of this work also indicate that the negative effects of niclosamide on insect biology are due to its pro-oxidant properties and also to the ability of niclosamide in crippling the insect’s antioxidan defence response Daha fazlası Daha az

Boric acid-induced effects on protein profiles of Galleria mellonella hemolymph and fat body

Hyršl, Pavel | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2008 | Acta Biologica Hungarica59 ( 3 ) , pp.281 - 288

The dietary effects of boric acid (BA) on the protein profiles of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), were investigated in hemolymph and fat body of final instar (VIIth) and pupae. The insects were reared from first-instar larvae on an artificial diets containing 156, 620, 1250 or 2500 ppm of BA. We detected many undetermined protein fractions (6.5-260 kDa) in addition to well-defined protein fractions such as lipophorins and storage proteins in the tissues by using sodium dodecyl-sulphate polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis. A marked quantitative change in the 45 kDa protein fraction of the hemolymph was observed in . . . the VIIth instar larvae reared on 2500 ppm dietary BA. © 2008 Akadémiai Kiadó Daha fazlası Daha az

The influence of dietary alpha-solanine on the waxmoth galleria mellonellal

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Erdem, Meltem | Adamski, Zbigniew | Adamski, Zbigniew | Marciniak, Pawel | Ziemnicki, Kazimierz

Article | 2013 | Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology83 ( 1 ) , pp.15 - 24

Plant allelochemicals are nonnutritional chemicals that interfere with the biology of herbivores. We posed the hypothesis that ingestion of a glycoalkaloid allelochemical, ?-solanine, impairs biological parameters of greater wax moths Galleria mellonella. To test this idea, we reared wax moths on artificial diets with 0.015, 0.15, or 1.5 mg/100 g diet of ?-solanine. Addition of ?-solanine to the diet affected survival of seventh-instar larvae, pupae, and adults; and female fecundity and fertility. The diet containing the highest ?-solanine concentration led to decreased survivorship, fecundity, and fertility. The diets supplemented . . .with ?-solanine led to increased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl contents in midgut and fat body and the effect was dose-dependent. Dietary ?-solanine led to increased midgut glutathione S-transferase activity and to decreased fat body glutathione S-transferase activitiy. We infer from these findings that ?-solanine influences life history parameters and antioxidative enzyme activities in the midgut and fat body of G. mellonella. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Biochemical stress indicators of greater wax moth exposure to organophosphorus insecticides

İçen, Ender | Armutçu, Ferah | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Gürel, Ahmet

Article | 2005 | Journal of Economic Entomology98 ( 2 ) , pp.358 - 366

Although acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the primary target of organophosphorus insecticides (OPs), increasing evidence regarding their secondary effects suggests that OPs disturb homeostasis of insects by generating free radical intermediates that trigger lipid peroxidation. We therefore investigated alterations in lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities, in conjunction with AChE activity as biochemical stress indicators in greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.) larvae for OPs methyl parathion (MP) and ethyl parathion (EP). The . . .effects of MP and EP were first investigated by rearing the young larvae on an artificial diet containing 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ppm of each insecticide. Second, the mature larvae were injected with 0.05, 0.5, 5, 50, and 500 ng of insecticides for determining the changes in biochemical stress responses. The diet with lowest level of MP significantly decreased the activities of all measured enzymes, whereas it increased MDA content. However ALT and AST were significantly higher in the larvae reared with the diet with high levels of MP than in control larvae. All tested levels of MP resulted in a decrease in AChE activity. The lowest level of EP in diet (0.01 ppm) significantly increased ALT activity, whereas it reduced that of AChE. This insecticide at 0.1 ppm resulted in reduced AST activity, but 1 ppm in diet elevated AST activity and MDA content. EP at 0.1 ppm and higher levels in the diet reduced ALT activity. All dietary EP levels significantly decreased AChE activity. ALT, AST, and AChE were lower in larvae fed with the diet containing 100 ppm ethyl parathion compared with larvae on control diet. MP at 50 ng per larva increased ALT and AST activities from 35.42 ± 0.74 and 26.34 ± 0.83 to 203.57 ± 1.09, and 122.90 ± 1.21 U/g, respectively, when the mature larvae were injected. All injected doses of EP dramatically reduced both ALT and AST activities, but only the lowest and highest levels of this insecticide decreased AChE activity. The lowest level of this insecticide also significantly increased MDA content in larvae. High levels of both insecticides increased MDA content. We observed a significant higher increase in MDA content in the larvae reared with 10 ppm EP (102.16 ± 1.57 nmol/g protein) than the control group (30.28 ± 1.42 nmol/g protein). These results suggest that OPs caused the metabolic and synaptic dysfunctions in greater wax moth and alter its biochemical physiology in response to oxidative stress. © 2005 Entomological Society of America Daha fazlası Daha az

Bioluminescent assay for evaluating antimicrobial activity in insect haemolymph

Vojtek, Libor | Dobeš, Pavel | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Atosuo, Janne | Hyršl, Pavel

Article | 2014 | European Journal of Entomology111 ( 3 ) , pp.335 - 340

We describe an antibacterial assay based on bioluminescence of two Gram negative bacteria, Photorhabdus luminescens and transformed Escherichia coli, which can be used as a real-time measurement of antibacterial activity in insect haemolymph. This method is based on the production of the bioluminescence signal depending on the viability of bacterial cells. We observed a significant rapid dose-dependent decrease in bioluminescence using both bacterial species, and Bombyx mori or Galleria mellonella haemolymph, which was confirmed by the decrease in bacterial viability determined by plating. The humoral origin of the antibacterial act . . .ivity observed in whole haemolymph was confirmed for haemolymph plasma without haemocytes. Antibacterial activity directed against Gram negative bacteria was recorded in unaffected insect larvae as well as after septic injury; increased antibacterial activity of haemolymph was detected in the latter case confirming the inducibility of antimicrobial agents. We think it is likely that this method could be widely used for determining antibacterial activity in insects and other invertebrates Daha fazlası Daha az

Gemifloksasinin Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) erginlerinin bazı biyolojik özelliklerine etkisi

Hız, Pınar | Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2016 | Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi22 ( 5 ) , pp.777 - 784

Büyük bal mumu güvesi Galleria mellonella L. mikrobiyal enfeksiyonların ve klinik ilaçların çalışılmasında memeli modellerine alternatif bir model olarak bilindiği gibi insektisit etkinliği çalışmalarında da model böcek olarak yaygın kullanıma sahiptir. Bu böceğin larvaları yapay besin ortamında beslenerek fluorokinolon sınıfından bir antibiyotik olan gemifloksasinin böceğin eşey oranı, dişi ve erkek ömür uzunluğu, yumurta verimi, açılma oranı gibi ergin biyolojik özellikleri üzerine etkisi laboratuvar şartlarında incelendi. Böceğin birinci evre larvaları %0.001, 0.01, 0.1 ve 1.0 oranında gemifloksasin içeren yapay besinler ile ergi . . .n evreye kadar beslendi. Gemifloksasinin denenen konsantrasyonlarını içeren besinler erkek ve dişi eşey oranı ile erginlerin ömür uzunluğu üzerinde etkili olmadığı halde yumurta verimini önemli derecede düşürdüğü belirlendi. Artan besinsel gemifloksasin konsantrasyonları ile ters orantılı olarak yumurta verimi ve açılma oranı azaldı. Kontrol besini ile yetiştirilen dişiler günde 134.46 adet yumurta üretirken gemifloksasinin yüksek miktarlarında dişiler 26.75 ve 53.5 yumurta bıraktılar. Yumurtaların açılma oranı da gemifloksasinin %0.01'lik konsantrasyonundan itibaren önemli derecede azalmış olup, en yüksek konsantrasyon bu oranı %53.71'e düşürdü. Bu çalışma erginlerin biyolojik özelliklerinin gemifloksasin tarafından önemli derecede etkilendiğini ve bu etkilerin antibiyotiğin konsantrasyonlarına bağımlı değişimler olduğunu gösterdi. Greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. is most commonly used as model insects for studying insecticidal efficiency of chemicals as well as it has been known as an alternative model to mamalian model for studying microbial infections and clinical drugs. The effects of a fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent, gemifloxacin, on sex ratio, male and female adult longevity, fecundity and hatchability of this insect were investigated by rearing the first instar larvae on artificial diets in the laboratory condition. The insect was reared from first-instar larvae to adult stage on an artificial diets containing gemifloxacin at 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0%. Gemifloxacin did not affect male and female sex ratio and adult longevity while it significantly decreased egg number. Fecundity and hatchability were significantly and inversely decreased by increasing gemifloxacin concentrations. The females reared from control diet produced 134.46 per day, whereas high concentrations of gemifloxacin decreased the egg number to 26.75 and 53.5. Hatchability was also significantly decreased by 0.01% and above concentrations of gemifloxacin whereas, the highest concentration of antibiotic lowered the hatchability to 53.71%. This study indicated sublethal effects of gemifloxacin are likely to have a significant impact on adult biological traits and these effects show concentration-dependent variation in biological traits of the insect Daha fazlası Daha az

Inhibition of eicosanoid signaling leads to increased lipid peroxidation in a host/parasitoid system

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, meltem | Tunaz, Hasan | Küçük, Ceyhun | Atılgan, Utku Can | Stanley, David | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2017 | Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology204 , pp.121 - 128

We posed the hypothesis that inhibition of eicosanoid biosynthesis leads to increased lipid peroxidation in insects. Here we report that rearing the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella, on media supplemented with selected inhibitors of eicosanoid biosynthesis throughout the larval, pupal and adult life led to major alterations in selected oxidative and antioxidative parameters of wax moth and its ectoparasitoid, Bracon hebetor. The highest dietary dexamethasone (Dex), esculetin (Esc) and phenidone (Phe) led to increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and to elevated catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities in al . . .l developmental stages of host larvae. Dietary Phe resulted in increased MDA levels, and CAT activity in G. mellonella adults by about 4-fold and about 2-fold, respectively. The Phe effect on GST activity in all stages of the wax moth was expressed in a dose-dependent manner, increased to 140 nmol/mg protein/min in larvae. MDA levels were increased by over 30-fold in adult wasps reared on Dex- and Esc-treated hosts. CAT and GST activities were increased in adult parasitoids reared on Esc-and Phe-treated hosts. GST activity of Dex-treated parasitoid larvae increased from about 4 to over 30 nmol/mg protein/min. Dietary Phe led to increased GST activity, by about 25-fold, in adult wasps. These data indicate that chronic inhibition of eicosanoid biosynthesis leads to increased oxidative stress, strongly supporting our hypothesis. The significance of this work lies in understanding the roles of eicosanoids in insect biology. Aside from other well-known eicosanoids actions, we propose that eicosanoids mediate reductions in oxidative stress. © 2016 Elsevier Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Reduced fitness in adults from larval, Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) reared on media amended with the antihelmintic, mebendazole

Çalik, Gülşah | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2016 | Journal of Economic Entomology109 ( 1 ) , pp.182 - 187

Benzimidazole antihelmintics, including mebendazole, have a broad antiparasitic spectrum. These drugs play a major role in the treatments of parasites of intestines or other organs of vertebrates, humans, and other animals. The impact of mebendazole on the biology of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), was assessed by observation of several developmental parameters as follows: survivorship, developmental time, and adult longevity. Sublethal toxicity was measured through reproductive parameters such as fecundity and hatchability. The larvae were reared on artificial diet from first-instar larvae to the adult stage in the . . .laboratory. The diets contained mebendazole at different concentrations of 0.005, 0.05, 0.5, or 1.0%. Control diet did not contain mebendazole and produced seventh-instar larvae in 96.6±1.67% of cases, whereas the addition of mebendazole into diet at 1.0% significantly decreased survivorship of seventh-instar larvae to 79.9±4.08%. The diet with the highest concentration of mebendazole decreased survivorship in the adult stage from 79.9±2.35 to 56.6±4.73%, and shortened the developmental time for adult emergence from 36.7±0.48 to 34.1±0.63 d. All mebendazole concentrations shortened adult longevity and significantly decreased fecundity and hatchability of G. mellonella. The highest dietary concentration of this antihelmintic significantly decreased the egg number to 28.6±2.89 and hatching rate to 51.7±1.85%. The present study demonstrates that mebendazole exhibits significant adverse effects on greater wax moth, leading to deteriorated life table parameters and decreased adult fitness. © The Authors 2015 Daha fazlası Daha az

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