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The effects of xanthotoxin on the biology and biochemistry of galleria mellonella L. (lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Ender

Article | 2015 | Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology89 ( 4 ) , pp.193 - 203

The effects of a dietary plant allelochemical, xanthotoxin (XA), on survivorship, development, male and female adult longevity, fecundity, and hatchability of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella L. were investigated. Oxidative stress indicators, the lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA), and protein oxidation products, protein carbonyl (PCO) contents, and activities of a detoxification enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity were determined in wax moth adults. The insect was reared from first-instar larvae on an artificial diets containing XA at 0.001, 0.005, or 0.1% to adult stage in laboratory conditions. . . .Relative to the controls, the diets containing XA concentrations led to decreased survivorship in seventh instar, pupal, and adult stages. Compared to control diet (77.7%), the highest dietary XA concentration decreased survivorship to adulthood to 11.0%. The highest XA concentration (0.1%) reduced female longevity from 10.4 to 5.7 days and decreased egg numbers from 95.0 to 33.5 and hatchability from 82.7 to 35.6%. The lowest XA concentration (0.001%) led to about a sixfold increase in MDA content. XA at high concentrations (0.005 and 0.1%) increased MDA (by threefold) and protein carbonyl (by twofold) contents decreased GST activity. The highest dietary XA concentration decreased GST activity from 0.28 ± 0.025 to 0.16 ± 0.005 µmol/mg protein/min. We infer from these findings that XA-induced oxidative stress led to decreased biological fitness. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Gemifloksasinin Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) erginlerinin bazı biyolojik özelliklerine etkisi

Hız, Pınar | Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2016 | Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi22 ( 5 ) , pp.777 - 784

Büyük bal mumu güvesi Galleria mellonella L. mikrobiyal enfeksiyonların ve klinik ilaçların çalışılmasında memeli modellerine alternatif bir model olarak bilindiği gibi insektisit etkinliği çalışmalarında da model böcek olarak yaygın kullanıma sahiptir. Bu böceğin larvaları yapay besin ortamında beslenerek fluorokinolon sınıfından bir antibiyotik olan gemifloksasinin böceğin eşey oranı, dişi ve erkek ömür uzunluğu, yumurta verimi, açılma oranı gibi ergin biyolojik özellikleri üzerine etkisi laboratuvar şartlarında incelendi. Böceğin birinci evre larvaları %0.001, 0.01, 0.1 ve 1.0 oranında gemifloksasin içeren yapay besinler ile ergi . . .n evreye kadar beslendi. Gemifloksasinin denenen konsantrasyonlarını içeren besinler erkek ve dişi eşey oranı ile erginlerin ömür uzunluğu üzerinde etkili olmadığı halde yumurta verimini önemli derecede düşürdüğü belirlendi. Artan besinsel gemifloksasin konsantrasyonları ile ters orantılı olarak yumurta verimi ve açılma oranı azaldı. Kontrol besini ile yetiştirilen dişiler günde 134.46 adet yumurta üretirken gemifloksasinin yüksek miktarlarında dişiler 26.75 ve 53.5 yumurta bıraktılar. Yumurtaların açılma oranı da gemifloksasinin %0.01'lik konsantrasyonundan itibaren önemli derecede azalmış olup, en yüksek konsantrasyon bu oranı %53.71'e düşürdü. Bu çalışma erginlerin biyolojik özelliklerinin gemifloksasin tarafından önemli derecede etkilendiğini ve bu etkilerin antibiyotiğin konsantrasyonlarına bağımlı değişimler olduğunu gösterdi. Greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. is most commonly used as model insects for studying insecticidal efficiency of chemicals as well as it has been known as an alternative model to mamalian model for studying microbial infections and clinical drugs. The effects of a fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent, gemifloxacin, on sex ratio, male and female adult longevity, fecundity and hatchability of this insect were investigated by rearing the first instar larvae on artificial diets in the laboratory condition. The insect was reared from first-instar larvae to adult stage on an artificial diets containing gemifloxacin at 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0%. Gemifloxacin did not affect male and female sex ratio and adult longevity while it significantly decreased egg number. Fecundity and hatchability were significantly and inversely decreased by increasing gemifloxacin concentrations. The females reared from control diet produced 134.46 per day, whereas high concentrations of gemifloxacin decreased the egg number to 26.75 and 53.5. Hatchability was also significantly decreased by 0.01% and above concentrations of gemifloxacin whereas, the highest concentration of antibiotic lowered the hatchability to 53.71%. This study indicated sublethal effects of gemifloxacin are likely to have a significant impact on adult biological traits and these effects show concentration-dependent variation in biological traits of the insect Daha fazlası Daha az

Inhibition of eicosanoid signaling leads to increased lipid peroxidation in a host/parasitoid system

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, meltem | Tunaz, Hasan | Küçük, Ceyhun | Atılgan, Utku Can | Stanley, David | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2017 | Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology204 , pp.121 - 128

We posed the hypothesis that inhibition of eicosanoid biosynthesis leads to increased lipid peroxidation in insects. Here we report that rearing the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella, on media supplemented with selected inhibitors of eicosanoid biosynthesis throughout the larval, pupal and adult life led to major alterations in selected oxidative and antioxidative parameters of wax moth and its ectoparasitoid, Bracon hebetor. The highest dietary dexamethasone (Dex), esculetin (Esc) and phenidone (Phe) led to increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and to elevated catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities in al . . .l developmental stages of host larvae. Dietary Phe resulted in increased MDA levels, and CAT activity in G. mellonella adults by about 4-fold and about 2-fold, respectively. The Phe effect on GST activity in all stages of the wax moth was expressed in a dose-dependent manner, increased to 140 nmol/mg protein/min in larvae. MDA levels were increased by over 30-fold in adult wasps reared on Dex- and Esc-treated hosts. CAT and GST activities were increased in adult parasitoids reared on Esc-and Phe-treated hosts. GST activity of Dex-treated parasitoid larvae increased from about 4 to over 30 nmol/mg protein/min. Dietary Phe led to increased GST activity, by about 25-fold, in adult wasps. These data indicate that chronic inhibition of eicosanoid biosynthesis leads to increased oxidative stress, strongly supporting our hypothesis. The significance of this work lies in understanding the roles of eicosanoids in insect biology. Aside from other well-known eicosanoids actions, we propose that eicosanoids mediate reductions in oxidative stress. © 2016 Elsevier Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of antiviral agent acyclovir on thymidine kinase activity of a model insect, greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, Meltem | Küçük, Ceyhun | Atılgan, Utku Can

Proceedings | 2016 | FEBS JOURNAL283 , pp.66 - 66

41st FEBS Congress on Molecular and Systems Biology for a Better Life -- SEP 03-08, 2016 -- Kusadasi, TURKEY WOS: 000383616900195

The effect of gemifloxacin on some biological traits of galleria mellonella (lepidoptera: pyralidae) adults

Hız, Pınar | Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2016 | KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI22 ( 5 ) , pp.777 - 784

Greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. is most commonly used as model insects for studying insecticidal efficiency of chemicals as well as it has been known as an alternative model to mamalian model for studying microbial infections and clinical drugs. The effects of a fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent, gemifloxacin, on sex ratio, male and female adult longevity, fecundity and hatchability of this insect were investigated by rearing the first instar larvae on artificial diets in the laboratory condition. The insect was reared from first-instar larvae to adult stage on an artificial diets containing gemifloxacin at 0.001, 0.01, 0 . . ..1 or 1.0%. Gemifloxacin did not affect male and female sex ratio and adult longevity while it significantly decreased egg number. Fecundity and hatchability were significantly and inversely decreased by increasing gemifloxacin concentrations. The females reared from control diet produced 134.46 per day, whereas high concentrations of gemifloxacin decreased the egg number to 26.75 and 53.5. Hatchability was also significantly decreased by 0.01% and above concentrations of gemifloxacin whereas, the highest concentration of antibiotic lowered the hatchability to 53.71%. This study indicated sublethal effects of gemifloxacin are likely to have a significant impact on adult biological traits and these effects show concentration-dependent variation in biological traits of the insect Daha fazlası Daha az

Potato leaf extract and its component, alpha-solanine, exert similar impacts on development and oxidative stress in galleria mellonella L.

Adamski, Zbigniew | Marciniak, Pawel | Ziemnicki, Kazimierz | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Ventrella, Emanuela

Article | 2014 | ARCHIVES OF INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY87 ( 1 ) , pp.26 - 39

Plants synthesize a broad range of secondary metabolites that act as natural defenses against plant pathogens and herbivores. Among these, potato plants produce glycoalkaloids (GAs). In this study, we analyzed the effects of the dried extract of fresh potato leaves (EPL) on the biological parameters of the lepidopteran, Galleria mellonella (L.) and compared its activity to one of the main EPL components, the GA alpha-solanine. Wax moth larvae were reared from first instar on a diet supplemented with three concentrations of EPL or alpha-solanine. Both EPL and alpha-solanine affected survivorship, fecundity, and fertility of G. mellon . . .ella to approximately the same extent. We evaluated the effect of EPL and alpha-solanine on oxidative stress in midgut and fat body by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PCO) contents, both biomarkers of oxidative damage. We evaluated glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, a detoxifying enzyme acting in prevention of oxidative damage. EPL and alpha-solanine altered MDA and PCO concentrations and GST activity in fat body and midgut. We infer that the influence of EPL on G. mellonella is not enhanced by synergistic effects of the totality of potato leaf components compared to alpha-solanine alone. (C) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

The effects of angiotensin ii receptor blocker on brain oxidative stress and neurobehavioural alterations in ovariectomized rats

Turan, Inci | Erdem, Salih | Ergenç, Meryem | Özaçmak-Sayan, Hale

Proceedings | 2018 | NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY107 , pp.19 - 19

3rd International Congress of the Turkish-Neuroendocrinology-Society -- JUN 29-JUL 01, 2018 -- Malatya, TURKEY WOS: 000445952400047

The effect of melatonin on depressive like behaviour, age and S100b levels in diabetic rats

Ergenç, Meryem | Özaçmak-Sayan, Hale | Turan, İnci | Özaçmak, Veysel Haktan

Proceedings | 2018 | NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY107 , pp.33 - 34

3rd International Congress of the Turkish-Neuroendocrinology-Society -- JUN 29-JUL 01, 2018 -- Malatya, TURKEY WOS: 000445952400080

Zonguldak ilinde orman zararlıları ile biyolojik mücadelede parazitoid böcek pimpla turionellae’nın kullanılması

Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Coşkuncu, Kıymet Senan | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Erdem, Meltem | Küçük, Ceyhun

Article | 2017 | Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi7 ( 1 ) , pp.341 - 348

Hymenopter endoparazitoid bir tür olan Pimpla turionellae (L). (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) büyük bal mumu güvesi Galleria mellonella L.’nın de dahil olduğu bir çok lepidopter türün parazitoitidir. Yumurtalarını bu böceklerin puplarının içine bırakırlar. Yumurtalar gelişip açıldıktan sonra serbest kalan larvalar konak pupların hemolenfi ve dokuları ile beslenerek konakları öldürmektedir. Böylece bu böcekler zararlı böceklerle biyolojik mücadele programlarında önemli bir role sahiptir. Bu nedenle parasitoid P. turionellae’nın kitlesel olarak üretimi tarımsal ürünler kadar Zonguldak’taki orman ağaçlarının (meyve ağaçları ve endüstriye . . .l öneme sahip ağaçlar) zararlılardan korunması için oldukça önemlidir. Bu parazitoidin doğal konak G. mellonella’nin pupları kulanılarak laboratuvar şartlarında ve kimyasal yapısı bilinen sentetik besinler ile laboratuvar şartlarında kitle üretimi yapılmaktadır. P. turionellae laboratuvarda kitle halinde üretilerek gerektiği zaman zararlı böceklerin yoğun olduğu ormanlık alanlara bırakılarak ağaçların zararlılardan korunması sağalanabilir. Pimpla turionella L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) is endoparasitoids of many species of lepidoptera, including greater wax moth Galleria mellonellae L. These parasitoids lay their eggs into pupae of these host insects. After developind and hatching of the eggs, the larvae feed on the haemolymph and tissues of the host pupae. The hosts are eventually killed by these developing larvae of P. turionellae. Therefore, these insects play an important role in biological control programmes. Therefore, mass-production of the parasitoids is very important to protect Zonguldak forest (including fruit and industrial trees) from pest insects as well as agricultural products. Using pupae of natural host G. mellonella and chemically synthetic diest for mass-production of this parasitoid is performed under laboratory conditions. After mass-rearing of P. turionellae (L.) in laboratory, they are released in the forest areas where especially pest insects are intensive Daha fazlası Daha az

Environmental knowledge of primary school students: Zonguldak (Turkey) example

Alaydın, Elif | Demirel, Gülçin | Altın, Süreyya | Altın, Ahmet

Proceedings | 2014 | 4TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON LEARNING TEACHING AND EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP (WCLTA-2013)141 , pp.1150 - 1155

The number of environmentally conscious individuals in society can be raised by increasing environmental education quality in primary schools. Starting studies about environment in the childhood years is very important. In this study, the knowledge and skill levels of primary school students in Zonguldak about waste recycling was determined, and the participation levels of theirs into recycling activities was measured. For this aim, the third and fourth grade primary school students were identified as a target group of the study, and a questionnaire assessing the impact of the parents' socio-economic structures and education status . . .on environmental awareness of theirs was prepared. The results were evaluated to determine the strengths and weaknesses of environmental education of the students, statistically. The questionnaire was conducted in three elementary schools having different social and economic levels. Questions in the first, second and last parts of the questionnaire relate with the demographic characteristics of students families, the environmental awareness of the students, and the participation of students into recycling activities, respectively. The survey reviews were carried out with a statistical program and differences between the schools were determined by using one way ANOVA test. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

Environmental awareness level of secondary school students: A case study in Balikesir (Turkiye)

Altın, Ahmet | Tecer, Selcen | Tecer, Lokman | Altın, Süreyya | Kahraman, Bekir Fatih

Proceedings | 2014 | 4TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON LEARNING TEACHING AND EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP (WCLTA-2013)141 , pp.1208 - 1214

In this study, secondary school students' awareness of environmental issues and problems and the level of their active participation in environmental activities have been identified, and the effects of some factors as family school and media on their environmental awareness and active participation have been investigated. The study was carried out in Balikesir city centre by conducting a survey on senior students consisting of 6 classes from three secondary schools which have different demographic and socio-economic levels. The results of the study showed a high level of environmental awareness among participant students. However, i . . .t is understood that environmental disclosures made in schools are insufficient and the participation level of students to environmental activities is low. Students rather gain experiences in the field of environment from mass media (i.e. audio, printed and visual media). It is revealed that female students have a higher level of environmental awareness and active participation level. In addition, when family income and family education level increases, environmental awareness and active participation level of students also increases. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of dietary sodium tetraborate on adult longevity and fecundity of drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosphilidae)

Erdem, Meltem | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2016 | Journal of Entomological Science51 ( 4 ) , pp.305 - 313

he fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Meigen) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is often used in various biological, molecular, and toxicological studies. Sodium tetraborate, a boron compound, was added to the artificial diet of developing D. melanogaster to determine its effects on adult longevity and fecundity. Insects reared from first instars to adults on diets containing 10, 30, 150, 300, or 400 mg/liter sodium tetraborate showed that the highest concentration (400 mg/liter) significantly reduced female longevity (31.65 6 4.02 [mean 6 SD] d for the controls versus 1.87 6 0.30 d for 400 mg/liter) and male longevity (32.80 6 1.96 d for co . . .ntrols versus 3.57 6 0.42 d for 400 mg/liter). Females from the control diet produced 9.46 6 0.57 (mean 6 SD) eggs per female, whereas those fed on a diet containing 300 mg/liter produced only 1.92 6 0.30 eggs per females. These results expand our knowledge of the impact of sodium tetraborate on various insects and indicate that boron compounds should be further investigated to ascertain their potential as an alternative control tactic for pest insects Daha fazlası Daha az

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