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Association between sociodemographic characteristics and anxiety levels of violence-exposed patients admitted to emergency clinic

Hocagil H. | Izci F. | Hocagil A.C. | Findikli E. | Korkmaz S. | Koc M.I.

Article | 2016 | Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment12 , pp.511 - 516

Background: Here we aimed to investigate sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric history, and association between sociodemographic characteristics and anxiety levels of violence-exposed patients admitted to emergency clinic. Methods: This study consists of 73 violence-exposed patients admitted to emergency clinic who were literate and agreed to participate in the study. A sociodemographic data form created by us to investigate alcohol-substance abuse, suicide attempt, previous history of trauma, self and family history of psychiatric disorders and Beck Anxiety Inventory was given to the patients. Results: Of the patients expos . . .ed to violence 63% (n=46) were female and 27% (n=27) were male. Of these patients, 68.5% (n=50) were married, 43.8% (n=25) were workers, 34.2% were housewives, 11% were unemployed, and 11% were civil servants. Of the violence-exposed patients, 56.2% (n=41) were primary school, 21.9% (n=16) were high school, and 21.9% (n=16) were university graduates. Smoking and alcohol use rates were 54.8% (n=40) and 17.8% (n=13), respectively. The most common trauma type was assault using physical force with a ratio of 78.1% (n=57). In addition, anxiety scores were high in 42.5% (n=31) and moderate in 9.6% (n=7) of the patients. Mentioned psychiatric disorder was present in 17.8% (n=13) of the patients and 19.2% (n=14) of the patients’ relatives. The correlation between sociodemographic characteristics and anxiety scores revealed that married patients had higher anxiety scores (P,0.01) and patients assaulted by their parents had lower anxiety scores (P,0.00). Conclusion: A total of 63% of the violence-exposed patients admitted to emergency room were females, 56.2% were primary school graduates, and 43.8% were factory workers; this result shows that low socioeconomical status and education level affect exposure to trauma especially in females. In addition, ~20% of the patients and patients’ relatives had a psychiatric disorder and 53.4% of perpetrators were parents, spouses, and children; this result shows that psychiatric history and family relations are one of the issues that should be taken into account and treated. © 2016 Hocagil et al Daha fazlası Daha az

Substance use effects on the characteristics of crime and violence in schizophrenia [Şizofreni hastalarında madde kullanımının suç ve şiddet özelliklerine etkisi]

Çİnİk E. | Güçlü O. | Şenormanci Ö. | Aydin E. | Erkiran M. | Erkmen H.

Article | 2015 | Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi16 ( 2 ) , pp.104 - 112

Objective: The aim of our study is to examine the effects of the substance abuse on criminal and violent behaviors, clinical features of the disease in criminal male with schizophrenia.Methods: Male inpatients with schizophrenia diagnosed according to the DSM-IV criteria who had been hospitalized for observation or mandatory treatment in Bakırköy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery forensic psychiatry unit were participated in the study. Patients with substance use disorders according to the DSM-IV criteria at any time of their life and/or at that time were assessed, two groups as patients with . . .(n=50) and without comorbidity were evaluated using the questionnaire for demographic and clinical characteristics, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANNS), Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight and Taylor’s Violence Rating Scale.Results: In our study 90% of schizophrenia patients with substance abuse comorbidity were paranoid subtype. In case of comorbidity, number of committed crimes were higher, involved serious violence included homicide and attempted homicide using frequently knives and fire guns. Eighty-eight percent of the patients with substance abuse comorbidity stated that they used cannabinoid and several substances during these crimes. Their PANSS scores were higher. It had been found that they had experienced more physical violence at childhood, more suicidal attempts and self-injury behaviors.Conclusions: Substance abuse co-morbidity in schizophrenia markedly affects the psychopathology, violent behaviors, criminal behaviors and compliance with the treatment. Studies investigating the causal relationship between substance and crime in schizophrenia can be helpful in the development of methods targeting protection. © 2015, Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Evaluation of Violence in Flirtous Relationships among 5th and 6th Grade Students in a Faculty of Medicine

Acikgoz, Bilgehan | Acikgoz, Banu | Karakoyun, Ali Riza | Yuksel, Nehir Aslan | Akca, Fatih | Akca, Ayse Semra Demir | Ayoglu, Ferruh Niyazi

Article | 2018 | KONURALP TIP DERGISI10 ( 2 ) , pp.168 - 174

Objective: Violence is one of the realities of life, and it is one of the most important social problems. Violence might be physical, sexual or emotional. Violence can occur in different ways in flirt affairs, such as rape, beat, threat, sexual harassment, and abuse of emotion. There has not been enough research carried out on the violence in flirt. In this study, it was aimed to determine the frequency and type of the violence in flirt among 5th and 6th grade students in who educated faculty of medicine. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 88 (83,8%) of 105 students in the fifth and sixth grade in F . . .aculty of Medicine of Bulent Ecevit University that accepted to participate in the study, between May and June 2014 timeline. With the questionnaire form prepared by the researchers, the socio-demographic characteristics of the students, their situation of committing violence and being exposed to violence were questioned. Results: The median age of 88 students, participated in the study, are 24 years, and 33 (37,5%) of those are male. Sixty nine (78,4%) of these students either previously flirted or were flirting at that moment. The median age of first flirts is 17 (min: 10, max: 24). Fifteen (15%) of those who flirted previously haven't exposed to violence and didn't commit violence. Ten (% 14,7) of the students were exposed to physical violence of flirt, 51 (75,0%) of those were exposed to emotional violence of flirt, and 9 (13,2%) of those were exposed to sexual violence of flirt. Regarding the students who committed violence of flirt; 16 (20,6%) of those committed physical violence, 45 (66,2%) of those committed emotional violence, 5 (7,4%) of those committed sexual violence. The violence of flirt, most frequently being exposed (33,0%) and committed (28,4%), is to talk by raising voice. Conclusion: According to datas of this study, were indicated that raising voice against partner is the most frequently being exposed violence of flirt; and emotional violence is the most frequently committed violence of flirt Daha fazlası Daha az

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