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Stochastic resonance on Newman-Watts networks of Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with local periodic driving

Özer, Mahmut | Perc, Matjaž | Uzuntarla, Muhammet

Article | 2009 | Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics373 ( 10 ) , pp.964 - 968

We study the phenomenon of stochastic resonance on Newman-Watts small-world networks consisting of biophysically realistic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with a tunable intensity of intrinsic noise via voltage-gated ion channels embedded in neuronal membranes. Importantly thereby, the subthreshold periodic driving is introduced to a single neuron of the network, thus acting as a pacemaker trying to impose its rhythm on the whole ensemble. We show that there exists an optimal intensity of intrinsic ion channel noise by which the outreach of the pacemaker extends optimally across the whole network. This stochastic resonance phenomenon can be . . .further amplified via fine-tuning of the small-world network structure, and depends significantly also on the coupling strength among neurons and the driving frequency of the pacemaker. In particular, we demonstrate that the noise-induced transmission of weak localized rhythmic activity peaks when the pacemaker frequency matches the intrinsic frequency of subthreshold oscillations. The implications of our findings for weak signal detection and information propagation across neural networks are discussed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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