Smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction among coal workers in Zonguldak, Turkey

Unalacak M. | Altin R. | Kart L. | Tor M. | Örnek T. | Altunel H.

Article | 2004 | Journal of Occupational Health46 ( 4 ) , pp.289 - 295

To assess the smoking status of coal workers, as coal dust exposure and concomitant cigarette smoking contribute to the increased prevalence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other pulmonary diseases. A survey was conducted to determine the smoking prevalence, behaviour and nicotine addiction in coal workers. The target population consisted of 475 underground coal workers who lived in Zonguldak city of Turkey, and we reached 389 of them. Each subject completed a detailed smoking history questionnaire (included 56 question). Chest X-rays and pulmonary function tests were performed to evalua . . .te patients' related diseases and complications. Smoking status of the workers was as follows; Sixty-nine never smokers (17.7%), 62 ex-smokers (15.9%) and 258 current smokers (66.3%). The mean age of starting smoking was similar among ex and current smokers (15.9 ± 4.2 versus 15.0 ± 4.0). The most common reason for starting smoking was smoking interest (50%) and friends' influence (15.5%). The most frequent reason stated for successful smoking cessation was experience of smoking-related symptoms or development of a medical condition (51%). The most important reason given by current smokers for smoking cessation attempts was increased chance of developing lung cancer, pneumoconiosis and other diseases (22.9%). Nicotine addiction was assessed by the Fagerstroem test. Mild (0-3 points), moderate (4-6) and severe (7 or more) addiction ratios were found to be 39.1%, 44.2% and 16.7% respectively. Ex-smokers had the highest prevalence of large and small airway obstruction on spirometry. Smoking prevalence is high in coal workers living in Zonguldak city of Turkey. Most of the smokers know that smoking is dangerous and want to quit smoking. A detailed smoking history during medical surveillance may help the occupational physician to develop a system in which such individuals can be referred to comprehensive smoking cessation programs Daha fazlası Daha az

Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Zonguldak Province of Turkey [Zonguldak il merkezinde kronik obstrüktif akciğer hastalığı prevelansı]

Örnek T. | Tor M. | Kiran S. | Atalay F.

Article | 2015 | Tuberkuloz ve Toraks63 ( 3 ) , pp.170 - 177

Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is increasingly recognized as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. This study is the first spirometry-based, cross-sectional survey of COPD from Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. In this study we aimed to investigate COPD prevalence in Zonguldak province of Turkey. Materials and Methods: Adult population of 71.630 persons living in central Zonguldak were enrolled to the study. They were selected by random sampling methods based on regional inhabitant listings. 611 adult persons were finally enrolled to the study. They were interviewed face to face, and were g . . .iven a questionnaire. Spirometry and early reversibility testing were also performed. Results were evaluated according to Global Obstrucive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria. Results: 42.6% of the study population were males. Mean age was 49.2 ± 15.4. The number of inividuals 40 years and older was 447 (73.1%). COPD prevalence was found as 11.1% in the study population and 14.1% in the population 40 years and older. COPD prevalence in males and females 40 years and older were 19.6% and 9.8% respectively. Mean age of the COPD patients (60.06 ± 13.2 years) was higher than the subjects without COPD (47.8 ± 15.1) (p< 0.001). COPD prevalence was increasing with age categories. COPD severity based on GOLD criteria were as follows: Stage 1 (23.5%), Stage 2 (58.8%), Stage 3 (16.2%) and Stage 4 (1.5%). Prevalence of smoking history was 95.3% in male COPD patients, and 56% in female COPD patients. Smoking was the most common risk factor present in 80.9% of COPD cases, followed by biomass exposure (63.2%), occupational exposure (41.2%) and passive smoking (7.3%). Smoking history and occupational exposure were higher statistically in males than females in both study populatian and COPD cases. Conclusion: COPD is prevalent and an important public health problem in central Zonguldak province. © 2015, Ankara University. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Prevalence of asthmatic smokers: Turkish experience (PASTE Study)

Yıldız, Fusun | Dursun, Adile Berna | Dişçi, Rian | Abadoğlu, Öznur | Atalay, Figen | Ateş, Güngör | Büyükoğlan, Hakan

Article | 2014 | Clinical Respiratory Journal8 ( 3 ) , pp.350 - 356

Background: Although both asthma and smoking are major health problems worldwide, smokers are often excluded from asthma studies. Objectives: It was aimed to verify the prevalence of asthmatic smokers in Turkey and assess the effects of smoking based on clinical parameters, exacerbations and hospitalizations because of lack of national data about the prevalence of smoking among asthmatics. Methods: The study protocol was comprised of a retrospective questionnaire. The asthmatic patients were followed in the outpatient clinics of 18 tertiary hospitals selected from seven different geographical regions in Turkey. We evaluated demograp . . .hic data, smoking habits, asthma-related diseases, respiratory function and emergency visits. Results: The study population included 1385 patients (M/F: 343/1042), and the mean age was 45.1±14.0 years. Current and former smoking prevalence was 11.4% and 15.1%, respectively. Smoker rates were higher in males and younger asthmatics compared with females and older asthmatics ( Daha fazlası Daha az

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