Effect of timing of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition on intestinal damage caused by irradiation

Salman B. | Oguz M. | Akmansu M. | Bebitoglu I. | Akca G. | Sultan N. | Emre U.

Article | 2007 | Advances in Therapy24 ( 3 ) , pp.648 - 661

Intestinal mucosal damage and bacterial translocation are clinical problems that may be caused by the use of ionizing radiation. Glutamine (Gln) support reduces the mucosal barrier in several ways. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of timing of Gln-enriched enteral nutrition (EN) on bacterial translocation and mucosal damage due to radiotherapy (RT). A rat model of whole body irradiation was designed in which a single dose of 485 cGy was given. A total of 50 rats were randomly assigned to the following 5 groups, each of which comprised 10 rats: (1) balanced rat chow given for 8 days without RT (group 1); (2) balanc . . .ed rat chow given 4 days before and 4 days after RT (group 2); (3) Gln-enriched EN given 4 days before RT (group 3); (4) Gln-enriched EN given 4 days after RT (group 4); and (5) Gln-enriched EN given 4 days before and 4 days after RT (group 5). Mesenteric lymph node and ileum samples were removed for evaluation of bacterial translocation (BT) and histopathologic investigation, respectively. BT and intestinal mucosal injury scores in all rats that received RT were higher than in rats without RT. No difference was seen in parameters between groups 3 and 4 (P>.05, P>.016, respectively); BT and intestinal mucosal injury scores of group 5 were significantly lower than those of groups 3 and 4 ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of ozone oxidative preconditioning in preventing early radiation-induced lung injury in rats

Bakkal, Bekir Hakan | Gultekin F.A. | Guven B. | Turkcu U.O. | Bektas S. | Can M.

Article | 2013 | Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research46 ( 9 ) , pp.789 - 796

Ionizing radiation causes its biological effects mainly through oxidative damage induced by reactive oxygen species. Previous studies showed that ozone oxidative preconditioning attenuated pathophysiological events mediated by reactive oxygen species. As inhalation of ozone induces lung injury, the aim of this study was to examine whether ozone oxidative preconditioning potentiates or attenuates the effects of irradiation on the lung. Rats were subjected to total body irradiation, with or without treatment with ozone oxidative preconditioning (0.72 mg/kg). Serum proinflammatory cytokine levels, oxidative damage markers, and histopat . . .hological analysis were compared at 6 and 72 h after total body irradiation. Irradiation significantly increased lung malondialdehyde levels as an end-product of lipoperoxidation. Irradiation also significantly decreased lung superoxide dismutase activity, which is an indicator of the generation of oxidative stress and an early protective response to oxidative damage. Ozone oxidative preconditioning plus irradiation significantly decreased malondialdehyde levels and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, which might indicate protection of the lung from radiation-induced lung injury. Serum tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1 beta levels, which increased significantly following total body irradiation, were decreased with ozone oxidative preconditioning. Moreover, ozone oxidative preconditioning was able to ameliorate radiation-induced lung injury assessed by histopathological evaluation. In conclusion, ozone oxidative preconditioning, repeated low-dose intraperitoneal administration of ozone, did not exacerbate radiation-induced lung injury, and, on the contrary, it provided protection against radiation-induced lung damage Daha fazlası Daha az

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