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Effect of vitamin B12 deficiency on otoacoustic emissions [Effetti del deficit della vitamina B12 sulle otoemissioni acustiche]

Karli R. | Gül A. | Ugur B.

Article | 2013 | Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica33 ( 4 ) , pp.243 - 247

The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between otoacoustic emission (OAE) values and cochlear function in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and no evidence of symptomatic hearing loss. Two groups were studied: Group 1: patients with vitamin B12 deficiency; Group 2: a matched control group of patients with normal vitamin B12 levels. There was no evidence of symptomatic hearing loss in either group. Transiently evoked OAEs (TEOAEs) and spontaneous OAEs (SOAEs) were recorded. A comparative analysis of the studied parameters revealed that results at TEOAE 1000, SOAEs 1500 and SOAEs 4000 Hz were somewhat low . . .er in the vitamin B12 deficient group compared with the control group. According to our findings, there was a significant association between vitamin B12 deficiency and cochlear dysfunction. We recommend that routine vitamin B12 serum levels be determined when evaluating patients for symptomatic hearing loss Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of vitamin B12 deficiency on otoacoustic emissions

Karli, R. | Gul, A. | Ugur, B.

Article | 2013 | ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA33 ( 4 ) , pp.243 - 247

The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between otoacoustic emission (OAE) values and cochlear function in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and no evidence of symptomatic hearing loss. Two groups were studied: Group 1: patients with vitamin B12 deficiency; Group 2: a matched control group of patients with normal vitamin B12 levels. There was no evidence of symptomatic hearing loss in either group. Transiently evoked OAEs (TEOAEs) and spontaneous OAEs (SOAEs) were recorded. A comparative analysis of the studied parameters revealed that results at TEOAE 1000, SOAEs 1500 and SOAEs 4000 Hz were somewhat low . . .er in the vitamin B12 deficient group compared with the control group. According to our findings, there was a significant association between vitamin B12 deficiency and cochlear dysfunction. We recommend that routine vitamin B12 serum levels be determined when evaluating patients for symptomatic hearing loss Daha fazlası Daha az

Surgery of isolated malleus fixation due to tympanosclerosis

Sakalli E. | Celikyurt C. | Guler B. | Biskin S. | Tansuker H.D. | Erdurak S.C.

Article | 2014 | European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology272 ( 12 ) , pp.3663 - 3667

The aim of the present study was to describe our surgical approach for isolated malleus fixation in patients with tympanosclerosis and to analyze the postoperative results. A total of 30 patients presented with isolated malleus fixation were operated. The fixation was reached via canalplasty. Fixated areas were cleaned without damaging the ossicle. Pre- and postoperative audiometric results were evaluated for each patient. Improvement of the pure-tone average (PTA) by at least 10 dB and an air-bone gap (ABG) of less than 20 dB after 12 months of follow-up was accepted to indicate success. The recovery of the postoperative PTA and AB . . .G measurements was significant. Pre- and postoperative PTA was 48.00 ± 11.86 and 24.90 ± 12.45 dB, respectively (p Daha fazlası Daha az

Initial assessment of hearing loss using a mobile application for audiological evaluation

Derin S. | Cam O.H. | Beydilli H. | Acar E. | Elicora S.S. | Sahan M.

Article | 2016 | Journal of Laryngology and Otology130 ( 3 ) , pp.248 - 251

Objective: This study aimed to compare an Apple iOS mobile operating system application for audiological evaluation with conventional audiometry, and to determine its accuracy and reliability in the initial evaluation of hearing loss. Methods: The study comprised 32 patients (16 females) diagnosed with hearing loss. The patients were first evaluated with conventional audiometry and the degree of hearing loss was recorded. Then they underwent a smartphone-based hearing test and the data were compared using Cohen's kappa analysis. Results: Patients' mean age was 53.59 ± 18.01 years (range, 19-85 years). The mobile phone audiometry res . . .ults for 39 of the 64 ears were fully compatible with the conventional audiometry results. There was a statistically significant concordant relationship between the two sets of audiometry results (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Ear Trumpet version 1.0.2 is a compact and simple mobile application on the Apple iPhone 5 that can measure hearing loss with reliable results. © JLO (1984) Limited 2016 Daha fazlası Daha az

Zonguldak il merkezinde 7-11 yas grubu işitme engeli olan ve olmayan çocukların psiko-sosyal gelişimlerinin karşılaştırılması

Konuk, Dilek

Master Thesis | 2006 | Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı

İşitme duyusu, bir çocuğun iletişim ve davranışsal becerilerini, eğitim yaşantısını ve diğer insanlarla olan ilişkilerini etkileyebilir. İşitme engelli çocuklarda bu konularda oluşabilecek olan sorunlar, onların psiko-sosyal gelişimlerini bozabilir. Çalışma, 7-11 yaş grubu işitme engelli çocuklar ile, işitme engeli olmayan çocukların psiko-sosyal gelişimlerini karşılaştırmak amacı ile yapılmıştır Bu çalışmada konuşma dönemi öncesi işitme yitimi meydana gelen 7-11 yas grubu 30 işitme engelli çocuk ile normal işiten 67 çocuğun psiko-sosyal gelişimleri karşılaştırmalı olarak değerlendirildi. Çocukların psiko-sosyal gelişim düzeylerini . . .ölçmek için Yavuzer tarafından Türk çocuklarına uyarlanan, 135 maddeden oluşan psiko-sosyal gelisim ölçegi kullanıldı. Ölçek, her çocuk için çocuğun anne, baba ya da yakın çevresinden alınan bilgiler doğrultusunda dolduruldu ve ölçeğin puanlama sistemine göre değerlendirildi. 7-11 yas grubu normal işiten ve işitme yitimi bulunan çocukların psiko-sosyal gelişim puanları karşılaştırıldığında 7 yaş normal işiten çocukların 69.1, işitme engellilerin 53.6; 11 yaş normal işiten çocukların 103.8, işitme engellilerin 71.1 puan aldıkları saptandı ve ortalamalar arasındaki fark istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulundu. Psiko- Sosyal Gelişim Ölçeğinin alt bölümleri olan; Maddi Özerklik, Kisisel Özgürlük, Yer Değiştirme, Bos Zaman Faaliyetleri, Para, Okuma ve Kitap ilgileri, Sosyal Yaşama Ait ilgiler, Anne-Baba ile ilişkiler, Yaşıtları ile ilişkiler bölümleri gruplar arası karşılaştırılarak değerlendirildi. Değerlendirme sonucunda 7-11 yaş işitme engelli çocukların normal işiten yaşıtlarından daha düsük psiko-sosyal gelişime sahip oldukları bulundu. Yaş ile psiko-sosyal gelişim arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek açısından değerlendirme yapıldığında, yaş arttıkça psiko-sosyal gelisimin güçlendiği saptandı. Her iki grupta, araştırmaya katılan erkek çocukların puan ortalamasının kızların ortalamasından daha yüksek olduğu bulundu. Ayrıca her iki grupta da orta sosyo-ekonomik düzeydeki çocukların puanının, düşük sosyo-ekonomik düzeydeki çocuklardan daha yüksek olduğu belirlendi. The sense of hearing, might affect communicative and behavioral skills, educational life and relations with other individuals of a child. Such problems might impair psycho-social development of deaf children. The aim of this study was to compare psycho-social development of children with and without hearing loss in a group aging 7-11. In this study, pscho-social development of 30 deaf children who had hearing loss before language acqusition and 61 children with normal hearing were assessed comparatively. In order to measure the level of psycho-social development of children, a psycho-social development scale composed 135 items, adapted to Turkish children by Yavuzer was used. The scale was completed for each child with the information given by the parents and evaluated according to scoring system of the scale. As comparing psycho-social development scale scores of normal hearing children and the children with hearing loss in 7-11 age group it is found that 7 years old children with normal hearing were got 69.1 and with hearing loss 53.6; 11 years old children with normal hearing were got 103.8 and with hearing loss 71.1 points. The difference between those mean values were found to be statistically significant. The subgroups of psycho-social development scale; economical independence, individual freedom, changing the place, spare time facilities, money, reading and book interest, social life issues, parental relations, relations with the same aged were also compared and evaluated between the groups. As a result of this evaluation it is found that 7-11 years old deaf children were having lower psycho-social development than normal hearing children. As evaluated to determine the relation between the age and the psycho-social development, its found that increasing age were increased strength of pyschosocial development. The mean scores of male children included the study were found to be higher than the mean scores for female children in both groups. In addition it was found that the scores of children in middle socio-economic level were higher than the scores of children in low socio-economic level Daha fazlası Daha az

Garlic-supplemented diet attenuates gentamicin-induced ototoxicity: An experimental study

Uzun L. | Balbaloglu E. | Akinci H.

Article | 2012 | Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology121 ( 2 ) , pp.139 - 143

Objectives: Gentamicin sulfate is a potent aminoglycoside antibiotic associated with serious side effects, including ototoxicity. Garlic, with its intrinsic antioxidant activity, may prove beneficial in prevention of ototoxicity. In this study, we investigated the effect of a 4% garlic-supplemented diet on the ototoxicity induced by gentamicin in rats by using brain stem evoked response audiometry. Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats with an intact Preyer's reflex and an initial weight of 220 to 260 g were randomly assigned to a group with gentamicin injection and garlic supplementation, a group with gentamicin injection without garl . . .ic supplementation, or a control group (6 rats each group). Gentamicin was given by intraperitoneal injection at 120 mg/kg body weight once daily for 16 days. The garlic-supplemented diet was prepared by adding pulverized whole garlic cloves to standard chow in a 4% proportion. After 21 days, hearing thresholds were evaluated by use of brain stem evoked response audiometry at 10 kHz. Results: The mean (±SD) amplitudes of the auditory thresholds (sensation level) measured by use of brain stem evoked response audiometry for the group with garlic supplementation, the group without garlic, and the control group were 43.3 ± 8.16, 78.0 ± 4.47, and 16.7 ± 5.16 dB sensation level, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A garlic-supplemented diet seems to attenuate aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss. © 2012 Annals Publishing Company. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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