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Koleksiyon [10]
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Yazar [17]
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Yayıncı [2]
Yayın Dili [1]
Dergi Adı [4]
Polymeric linoleic acid-polyolefin conjugates: Cell adhesion and biocompatibility

Çakmaklı, Birten | Hazer, Baki | Tekin, İshak Özel | Açıkgöz, Şerefden | Can, Murat

Article | 2007 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society84 ( 1 ) , pp.73 - 81

To diversify edible-oil polymer composite, polymeric linoleic acid (PLina) peroxide was obtained by the auto-oxidation of linoleic acid in a simple way for use as a macroinitiator in free radical polymerization of vinyl monomers. Peroxidation, epoxidation, and/or perepoxidation reactions of linoleic acid under air at room temperature resulted in PLina, having soluble fraction more than 91 weight percent (wt%), with molecular weight ranging from 1,644 to 2,763 Da, and containing up to 1.0 wt% of peroxide. PLina initiated the free radical polymerization of ether styrene (S), methyl methacrylate (MMA), or n-butyl methacrylate (nBMA) to . . . give PLina-g-polystyrene (PS), PLina-g-poly-MMA (PMMA), and PLina-g-poly- nBMA (PnBMA) graft copolymers. The polymers obtained were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) techniques. Microstructure of the graft copolymers was observed by using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Graft copolymers obtained contained polymeric linoleic acid in a range between 8.5 and 19.3 mol percent (mol%). PLina-g-PS, PLina-g-PMMA and PLina-g-PnBMA graft copolymer samples were also used in cell culture studies. Fibroblast and macrophage cells were strongly adhered and spread on the copolymer film surfaces. These newly synthesized copolymers were tested for their effects on human blood protein adsorption compared with PMMA graft copolymers containing polymeric soybean oil and polymeric linseed oil; interestingly we observed a dramatic decrease in the protein adsorption on the linoleic acid graft copolymer, which is important in tissue engineering. © AOCS 2007 Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and properties of chitosan-modified poly(vinyl butyrate)

Akgün, Sibel | Ekici, Gülsüm | Mutlu, Nilüfer | Beşirli, Necati | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2007 | Journal of Polymer Research14 ( 3 ) , pp.215 - 221

Modification of chitosan by grafting of vinyl butyrate was carried out in homogeneous phase using potassium persulfate as redox initator and 1.5% acetic acid as solvent. The percent grafting and grafting efficiency were analysed and the high grafting efficiency up to 94% was observed. The effects of reaction variables such as monomer concentration, initiator concentration, temperature and reaction time were investigated. It was observed that the solubility of chitosan was markedly reduced after grafting with vinyl butyrate. The grafted product is insoluble in common organic solvents as well in dilute organic and inorganic acids. Cha . . .racterization of the graft copolymers were carried out by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) technics. Characteristic signal of carbonyl group was observed at 1,731 cm-1 which belongs to the poly vinyl butyrate segments in the graft copolymer. The melting transition of the chitosan main chain in the copolymer shifted to 124°C from its original value 101°C. In addition to these, we have also studied topology of the graft copolymer and the SEM micrograph showed continuous homogenous matrix which means there is no phase separation. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Daha fazlası Daha az

A newly synthesized graft copolymer for magnetic solid phase microextraction of total selenium and its electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric determination in food and water samples

Açıkkapı, Ayşe Nihan | Tüzen, Mustafa | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2019 | Food Chemistry284 , pp.1 - 7

A newly synthesized polystyrene-g-polyoleic acid-g-polyethylene glycol graft copolymer (PoleS-PEG) was used as adsorbent in the solid phase microextraction of selenium ions by using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). Neodymium magnet was used for separation of analyte ions. Various analytical parameters such as pH, adsorbent amount, mixing time, eluent solution, sample volume, etc. were optimized. The matrix effects of some cations and anions were also studied. The capacity of the adsorbent was found 11.5 mg g -1 . The preconcentration factor was found to be 50. The detection limit (LOD) and quantification limit . . .(LOQ) were found 6.06 ng L -1 and 20 ng L -1 , respectively. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 0.02–4.0 µg L -1 . Relative standard deviation was found 3.2%. The accuracy of the method was provided by using standard reference materials. The optimized method was successfully applied to natural water and food samples. © 2019 Elsevier Lt Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and characterization of poly(vinyl chloride-graft-2- vinylpyridine) graft copolymers using a novel macroinitiator by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization

Öztürk, Temel | Göktaş, Melahat | Savaş, Bedrettin | Işıklar, Mustafa | Atalar, Mehmet Nuri | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2014 | E-Polymers14 ( 1 ) , pp.27 - 34

Synthesis of poly(vinyl chloride-graft-2-vinylpyridine) graft copolymers was carried out by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine using a novel macroinitiator (RAFT macroinitiator). For this purpose, RAFT macroinitiator was obtained from the potassium salt of ethyl xanthogenate and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). Then the graft copolymers were synthesized by using RAFT macroinitiator and 2-vinylpyridine. The principal parameters such as monomer concentration, initiator concentration, and polymerization time that affect the polymerization reaction were studied. The effect of the reactio . . .n conditions on the heterogeneity index and molecular weight was also investigated. The block lengths of the graft copolymers were calculated by using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra. The block lengths of the copolymers could be adjusted by varying the monomer and initiator concentrations. The characterizations of the samples were carried out by using 1H NMR, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, gel-permeation chromatography, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and fractional precipitation (? value) techniques. RAFT polymerization is used to control the polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine over a broad range of molecular weights Daha fazlası Daha az

Synthesis and characterization of poly(N-isopropyl acryl amide)-g-poly(LINOLEIC ACID)/poly(linolenic acid) graft copolymers

Allı, Abdulkadir | Hazer, Baki

Article | 2011 | JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society88 ( 2 ) , pp.255 - 263

To diversify edible oil thermoresponsive polymer composites, polymeric linoleic acid peroxide (PLina) and polymeric linolenic acid peroxide (PLinl) were obtained by the autoxidation of linoleic acid (Lina) and linolenic acid (Linl), respectively. The autoxidation of Lina and Linl under air at room temperature rendered waxy soluble polymeric peroxide, having a soluble fraction in chloroform of more than 91 wt% and containing up to 1.0 wt% of peroxide. The soluble polymeric oil macro-peroxide was used to initiate the free radical polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide, NIPAM, resulting in PLina-g-PNIPAM and PLinl-g-PNIPAM graft copol . . .ymers, respectively. The PNIPAM content of the graft copolymers was calculated using the elemental nitrogen analysis of graft copolymers. Thermal analysis, FTIR, 1H NMR, and SEM techniques were used in the characterization of the products. The hydrophobic effect of the fatty acid macro peroxides on the thermal response rate of the graft copolymers was investigated by means of swelling-deswelling behaviors in response to temperature change. They have a thermoresponsive character and exhibit a volume phase transition at approximately 27-30 °C, which is 1-4 °C lower than that of pure PNIPAM. A plastizer effect of PLina and PLinl in graft copolymers was observed, indicating a lower glass transition temperature than that of pure PNIPAM. © 2010 AOCS Daha fazlası Daha az

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