Neuroprotective effects of Ebselen on experimental spinal cord injury in rats

Kalayci M. | Coskun O. | Cagavi F. | Kanter M. | Armutcu F. | Gul S. | Acikgoz B.

Article | 2005 | Neurochemical Research30 ( 3 ) , pp.403 - 410

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in rapid and significant oxidative stress. This study was aimed to investigate the possible beneficial effects of Ebselen in comparison with Methylprednisolone in experimental SCI. Thirty six Wistar albino rats (200-250 g) were divided in to six groups; A (control), B (only laminectomy), C (Trauma; laminectomy + spinal trauma), D (Placebo group; laminectomy + spinal trauma + serum physiologic), E (Methylprednisolone group; laminectomy + spinal trauma + Methylprednisolone treated), F (Ebselen group; laminectomy + spinal trauma + Ebselen treated), containing 6 rats each. Spinal cord injury (SCI) was pe . . .rformed by placement of an aneurysm clip, extradurally at the level of T11-12. After this application, group A, B and C were not treated with any drug. Group D received 1 ml serum physiologic. Group E received 30 mg/kg Methylprednisolone and, Group F received 10 mg/kg Ebselen intraperitoneally (i.p.). Rats were neurologically examined 24 h after trauma and spinal cord tissue samples had been harvested for both biochemical and histopathological evaluation. All rats were paraplegic after SCI except the ones in group A and B. Neurological scores were not different in traumatized rats than that of non-traumatized ones. SCI significantly increased spinal cord tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) levels and also decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities compared to control. Methylprednisolone and Ebselen treatment decreased tissue MDA and PC levels and prevented inhibition of the enzymes SOD, GSH-Px and CAT in the tissues. However, the best results were obtained with Ebselen. In groups C and D, the neurons of the spinal cord tissue became extensively dark and degenerated with picnotic nuclei. The morphology of neurons in groups E and F were very well protected, but not as good as the control group. The number of neurons in the spinal cord tissues of the groups C and D were significantly less than the groups A, B, E and F. We concluded that the use of Ebselen treatment might have potential benefits in spinal cord tissue damage on clinical grounds. © 2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of ebselen versus nimodipine on cerebral vasospasm subsequent to experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats

Gul S. | Bahadir B. | Hanci V. | Acikgoz S. | Bektas S. | Ugurbas E. | Ankarali H.

Article | 2010 | Journal of Clinical Neuroscience17 ( 5 ) , pp.608 - 611

We investigated the effect of ebselen relative to nimodipine in an animal model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Thirty Wistar albino rats were divided into 5 groups: G1, no intervention; G2, sham surgery without subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); G3, SAH only; G4, SAH plus nimodipine treatment; G5, SAH plus ebselen treatment. For G2 animals, physiological saline (0.9% NaCl) was injected into the cisterna magna. For G3, G4 and G5 animals, SAH was induced by injecting autologous non-heparinized blood into the cisterna magna. One hour after injection, G4 animals received nimodipine at 6-hour intervals and G5 animals received ebselen twice a da . . .y for 48 hours. After treatment, brain tissue and blood samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological examination. Mean malonyldialdehyde concentration was significantly higher in G3 than in G1 (p < 0.0001), G2 (p = 0.01), G4 (p = 0.002) and G5 (p = 0.014), and significantly higher in G5 than in G1 (p = 0.013). Mean superoxide dismutase activity was significantly lower in G4 than in both G1 (p = 0.025) and G2 (p = 0.02). Mean wall thickness was significantly greater in G3 than in G1 (p < 0.0001), G2 (p = 0.01), G4 (p < 0.0001) and G5 (p < 0.0001). Mean wall thickness was also significantly greater in both G1 and G2 than in G4 (p < 0.0014 and p < 0.0001) and G5 (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.0001). Mean luminal diameter of the basilar artery was significantly smaller in G3 than in G2 (p = 0.02), G4 (p < 0.018) and G5 (p < 0.001). Our results confirm that ebselen may have neuroprotective effects by acting to prevent vasospasm. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Beneficial effects of Ebselen on corrosive esophageal burns of rats

Ocakci A. | Coskun O. | Tumkaya L. | Kanter M. | Gurel A. | Hosnuter M. | Uzun L.

Article | 2006 | International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology70 ( 1 ) , pp.45 - 52

Aim: This study was evaluated to investigate the efficacy of Ebselen, which is an organoselenium compound and glutathione peroxidase mimic, on the prevention of stricture development after esophageal caustic injuries in the rat. Methods: Thirty healthy male Wistar albino rats were utilized in this study. The rats were randomly allotted into one of three experimental groups: group A (sham) animals were uninjured. Caustic esophageal burn was created by applying 1 ml of 37.5% NaOH to the distal esophagus. Group B rats were injured but untreated. Group C rats were injured and received Ebselen (10 mg/kg/day) via the oral route. Blood and . . . tissue samples for the biochemical and histopathological analysis were taken all rats at the end (28th day) of the experiment. Oxidative stress is believed to play a role in the pathogenesis of corrosive esophageal burns. To assess changes in the cellular antioxidant defense system, we measured the activities of antioxidant enzymes (such as glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT)) in esophagus homogenates. We also measured esophageal tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, a marker of lipid peroxidation, to determine whether there is an imbalance between oxidant and antioxidant status. Efficacy of the treatment was assessed by measuring the stenosis index and histopathologic damage score and biochemically by determining tissue hydroxyproline content, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme levels. Results: The stenosis index in group B was significantly increased compared with group A and C (P < 0.05). The hydroxyproline level was significantly increased in group B compared with group A and C (P < 0.05). In group B, the histopathologic damage score was significantly higher than in group C (P < 0.05). Treatment with Ebselen decreased tissue hydroxyproline levels, histological damage, and the stenosis index. Caustic esophageal burn increased the lipid peroxidation and also decreased the antioxidant enzyme levels in group B. Ebselen treatments for 28 days decreased the elevated lipid peroxidation and also increased the reduced antioxidant enzyme levels. Live weights of the rats was significantly decreased in group B compared with group A and C (P < 0.05). Conclusion: It is concluded that Ebselen has a preventive effect in the development of fibrosis and decrease the lipid peroxidation, and increase the antioxidant defense system activity in an experimental model of corrosive esophagitis in rats. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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