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Opinions of Turkish forensic medicine specialists about concept of death in Turkey

Dokgöz H. | Yilmaz M. | Türkmen N. | Özer E. | Sungur M.A. | Yilmaz R.

Article | 2017 | West Indian Medical Journal66 ( 1 ) , pp.111 - 118

Objectives: This investigation was performed to determine opinions of forensic medicine specialists about the concept of death. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional and qualitative study was performed on 103 forensic medicine specialists who consented to participate in the study between 2011-2012. Data were recruited during face-to-face interviews and via e-mail. Results: Forensic medicine specialists participated in this study were mostly (74.8%) male, married (81.6%) with a mean age of 40.45 ± 6.85 years. A 24.3%of them were practicing their speciality for 11-15 years. This study revealed that forensic medicine specialists d . . .emonstrate a lower level of death anxiety. Conclusions: Forensic medicine specialists demonstrated a moderate level of avoidance attitude, while they manifested depressive mood towards death. The opinions of forensic medicine specialists about the concept of death were somewhat determined in our study Daha fazlası Daha az

Attachment and family functioning in patients with Internet addiction

Şenormanci T. | Şenormanci G. | Güçlü O. | Konkan R.

Article | 2014 | General Hospital Psychiatry36 ( 2 ) , pp.203 - 207

Objective: Although the Internet is used effectively in many areas of life, some users experience problems because of over-use due to a lack of control. The diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction include disruptions in family relationships, but adequate data on the attachment styles and family functioning associated with this condition are limited. This study aimed to investigate the attachment styles and family functioning of patients with Internet addiction. Method: The sample included 30 male patients consecutively admitted to the Bakirköy Mental Health and Research Hospital Internet Addiction Outpatient Clinic, who were diag . . .nosed in clinical interviews as having Internet addiction according to Young's (1998) criteria. Thirty healthy males who were matched with the experimental group in terms of sociodemographic characteristics were included as control subjects. Both groups provided sociodemographic data and completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-r (ECR-r) and the Family Assessment Device (FAD). Results: Patients with Internet addiction had higher BDI scores (P< .001) and higher attachment anxiety subscores on ECR-r (P< .001) compared with those in the control group. Patients with Internet addiction evaluated their family functioning as more negative and reported problems in every aspect addressed by the FAD. Scores on the FAD behaviour control, affective responsiveness, and problem-solving subscales (P< .05) and on the FAD communication, roles, and general functioning subscales (P< .001) were significantly higher in the patient compared with the control group. Conclusion: Patients with Internet addiction have more anxious attachment styles as well as prominent disruptions in family functioning. Thus, it may be important to evaluate the attachment styles and family functioning of patients with Internet addiction. Indeed, comprehensive treatment approaches including other family members may make important contributions to treatment success. © 2014 Elsevier Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

The sociodemographic and psychosocial evaluation of the cases presented to an emergency department with poisoning [Acil poliklinigine zehirlenme nedeni ile gelen olgularin sosyodemografik ve psikososyal açidan degerlendirilmesi]

Mert E. | Toros F. | Gamsiz Bilgin N. | Çamdeviren H.

Article | 2007 | Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi8 ( 2 ) , pp.121 - 125

Objective: The aims of this study were to evaluate the characteristics of poisoning and psychological status in cases presented to an emergency department with poisoning. Methods: The study group (Group 1) consisted of 86 cases between the ages of 16 and 27 who were presented to the Mersin University Faculty of Medicine between January 2005 and January 2006. The control group (Group 2) consisted of 95 cases with similar age and gender characteristics that were presented to the emergency department for reasons other than suicide attempt. Beck Children's Depression Inventory and Pier-Harris Self-Concept Scale were performed. Results: . . .Of total 181 cases, 86 (18 male, 68 female) were in Group 1 (the cases with suicide attempt) and 95 (30 male, 65 female) were in Group 2. The important risk factors for the suicide attempt included having problems with parents, ending of a romantic relationship in the last one year and having problems in peer relations. The levels of depression and anxiety were higher in Group 1 than Group 2, while the level of self-confidence was lower in Group 1 than Group 2. Conclusions: Our results emphasized the importance of biopsychosocial approach in cases with deliberate self harm and taking preventive measures before attempt Daha fazlası Daha az

Depression, loneliness, anger behaviours and interpersonal relationship styles in male patients admitted to internet addiction outpatient clinic in Turkey

Şenormanci Ö. | Konkan R. | Güçlü O. | Şenormanci G.

Article | 2014 | Psychiatria Danubina26 ( 1 ) , pp.39 - 45

Background: 'Internet addiction' is excessive computer use that interferes with daily life of a person. We designed this study in order to evaluate the predictor effect of depression, loneliness, anger and interpersonal relationship styles for internet addiction as well as develop a model. Subjects and methods: Forty (40) male internet addicted patients were selected from our hospital's internet Addiction Outpatient Clinic. During the study, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State Trait Anger Expression Scale (STAXI), the UCLA-Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS), and the Interpersonal Relationship St . . .yles Scale (IRSS) were used for the evaluation of the patients. Results: The results of this study showed that the 'duration of internet use' (B=2.353, p=0.01) and STAXI 'anger in' subscale (B=1.487, p=0.01) were the predictors of internet addiction. Conclusion: When the clinicians suspect for the internet overuse, regulation of internet usage might be helpful. Psychiatric treatments for expressing anger and therapies that focus on validation of the feelings may be useful. © Medicinska naklada Daha fazlası Daha az

Fatigue in intensive care nurses and related factors

Çelik S. | Taşdemir N. | Kurt A. | İlgezdi E. | Kubalas Ö.

Article | 2017 | International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine8 ( 4 ) , pp.199 - 206

Background: Fatigue negatively affects the performance of intensive care nurses. Factors contributing to the fatigue experienced by nurses include lifestyle, psychological status, work organization and sleep problems. Objective: To determine the level of fatigue among nurses working in intensive care units and the related factors. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 102 nurses working in intensive care units in the West Black Sea Region of Turkey. Data were collected between February and May 2014 using a personal information form, the Visual Analogue Scale for Fatigue (VAS-F), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale . . . and the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index. Results: The intensive care nurses in the study were found to be experiencing fatigue. Significant correlations were observed between scores on the VAS-F Fatigue and anxiety (p=0.01), depression (p=0.002), and sleep quality ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Psychometric properties of the metacognition scales about rumination in clinical and non-clinical Turkish samples

Yilmaz A.E. | Sungur M.Z. | Konkan R. | Şenormanci Ö.

Article | 2015 | Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi26 ( 4 ) , pp.199 - 206

Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish adaptations of the Positive Beliefs about Rumination Scale (PBRS) and the Negative Beliefs about Rumination Scale (NBRS) in clinical and non-clinical samples. Method: While the non-clinical sample of the study consisted of 455 participants, the clinical sample was composed of 60 major depressive disorder (MDD), 30 panic disorder (PD) and 30 social anxiety disorder (SAD) cases. Results: The results of the factor analyses confirm the construct validity and original factor structure of the scales. Findings obtained from internal consistency and test-re . . .test analyses indicated good reliability for the scales. Supporting the convergent validity of the scales, the correlations between metacognitions about rumination and depressive symptoms, rumination, metacognitions about worry, pathological worry, and anxiety symptoms were found to be positive and significant in the non-clinical sample. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that both scales have predictive validity for depressive symptoms after controlling for anxiety symptoms. As for extreme group comparisons, it supported the criterion-related validity of the scales. In discriminant clinical validity examinations, although both scales were able to differentiate MDD, PD, and SAD groups from healthy controls, they were unable to differentiate the depressive group from the other anxiety disorder groups. Conclusion: A comprehensive psychometric evaluation of the scales demonstrated that both PBRS and NBRS are reliable and valid assessment devices that can be used for research purposes both in clinical and non-clinical groups in Turkey Daha fazlası Daha az

Evaluation of behavioral and emotional problems in deaf children by using the child behavior checklist

Konuk N. | Erdogan A. | Atik L. | Ugur M.B. | Simsekyilmaz Ö.

Article | 2006 | Neurology Psychiatry and Brain Research13 ( 2 ) , pp.59 - 64

Objective: There are big discrepancies among the reported prevalence rates of emotional/behavioral problems for deaf children. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence rate of emotional and behavioral problems and to assess the effect of subject characteristics on these problems in a group of deaf Turkish children and adolescents. Method: Seventy-two students from a regional residential school for the deaf children and adolescents, aged 6 to 18 years, were recruited as the study group. The control group consisted of 45 age-matched healthy children and adolescents. A questionnaire on sociodemographic features and the Child Behavior Checkl . . .ist (CBCL) were administered to the parents of the children and adolescents. Results: The deaf students group showed significantly more internalizing problems than controls. The largest difference was found for the Anxious/Depressed and Somatic Complaints scale. Deaf adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years had significantly higher anxious/depressed and somatic complaints subscores of CBCL than deaf children aged between 6 and 11 years. Furthermore girls had significantly higher subscores of Anxious/Depressed and Somatic Complaints than the boys in the deaf group. The correlation analysis revealed that degree of hearing loss, academic achievement, and teacher-rated communication level were not related to any emotional or behavioral problems. Conclusion: Deaf children and adolescents have more internalizing problems than normal hearing controls. The results underline the need of screening the deaf children and adolescents more often concerning their mental health. © Universitätsverlag Ulm GmbH 2006 Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of linopirdine on forced swimming test in rats [Linopirdin’in siçanlarda zorlu yüzme testinde gözlenen etkileri]

Uzunok B. | Kahveci N. | Süyen G.G. | Büyükuysal M.Ç.

Article | 2019 | Nobel Medicus15 ( 1 ) , pp.41 - 46

Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of Kv7 type voltage-gated potassium channel blocker linopirdin in Forced Swimming Test (FST) in rats. Material and Method: For this purpose, on the second day of the swimming test, rats received %0.9 NaCl (4 µl) or a Kv7 type voltage-gated potassium channel blocker linopirdine (0.1, 1, 10 µg/4 µl) intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.), 15 min before the test. Results: Linopirdine at a dose of 0.1 µg/4 µl significantly decreased immobilisation (p=0.003) and significantly increased swimming (p

Symptoms of Turkish Patients with Depression in Ankara and Berlin

Akbiyik, Derya Iren | Sumbuloglu, Vildan | Berksun, Oguz Erkan | Senturk, Vesile | Priebe, Stefan

Article | 2009 | CULTURE MEDICINE AND PSYCHIATRY33 ( 3 ) , pp.412 - 420

Numerous studies have investigated the potential impact of migration on psychiatric morbidity levels. Relatively little research has studied how the symptom profiles of patients with similar disorders and similar backgrounds are linked to the culture in which they live. Such research requires comparisons of immigrant patient samples with samples of patient who remain in their country of origin. In this study we compared symptoms in Turkish patients with depression living in Ankara, Turkey, and Berlin, Germany. To understand symptoms of patients with depression, not only the culture of origin but also the cultural context in which pa . . .tients have been living needs to be considered as an important factor. The new culture can be associated with distinct, and not necessarily more serious, symptom profiles Daha fazlası Daha az

The effect of Reiki on depression in elderly people living in nursing home

Erdogan Z. | Cinar S.

Article | 2016 | Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge15 ( 1 ) , pp.35 - 40

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Reiki on depression in elderly persons living in nursing homes. The study was conducted randomized, controlled and experimental. The study universe consisted of 170 elderly and due to the long duration of the study and 90 elderly who volunteered for the study and fulfilled the inclusion criteria formed the sample. Ninety elderly individuals who were included in the study were separated into 3 groups using the random sampling method: 30 in the reiki group, 30 in the sham reiki group, and 30 in the control group. Data was collected using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). There wa . . .s a significant decrease in depression score of the Reiki group while there was no significant difference in depression scores of the sham Reiki and control group on the 4th, 8th and 12th weeks considering 1st week. In addition, the depression score of the Reiki group was lower than the depression scores of the sham Reiki and control group on the 4th, 8th and 12th weeks. The results of this study indicate that Reiki might be effective for reducing depression in elderly persons living in nursing homes. © 2015, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Perceived parental acceptance/rejection and psychopathology in a group of sexually abused children/adolescents

Vural P. | Hafizoglu S. | Türkmen N. | Eren B. | Büyükuysal C.

Article | 2012 | Medicinski Glasnik9 ( 2 ) , pp.363 - 369

Aim To investigate perceived maternal acceptance/rejection in a group of sexually abused children/adolescents. Quality of the relationship between caregiver and child has been linked to many behavioral and emotional problems of childhood. For those children/ adolescents subject to sexual abuse, perceived parental acceptance/ rejection is an important component of well being. Methods A total of 28 abused children/adolescents and their mothers participated in the study. The victims were sent by the court to the Uludag University Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department for psychiatric evaluation. Numerical variables are presented wi . . .th mean and standard deviation, categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Nonparametric correlation analysis was used for the relationship between psychological adjustment and perceived parental acceptance of children. Results The results of the study show that there was a significant correlation among child and mother reports of perceived acceptance. Children/adolescents also displayed more psychological adjustment than maladjustment. According to the Children's Depression Inventory, 15 victims were depressed and 13 were not. There was no remarkable difference between depressed and non-depressed subjects in terms of depression scores. Overall, the results of the study showed that both abused children/adolescents and their mothers perceived a positive relationship as measured by Perceived Parental Acceptance and Rejection Questionnaire-Control scores. Conclusion The findings suggested that a well-established, healthy emotional bond is resilient to challenges, as was the case in the sexually abused children/adolescents of the study Daha fazlası Daha az

Relationship of cognitive functions with daily living activities, depression, anxiety and clinical variables in hospitalized elderly patients [Hastanede yatan yaşlılarda bilişsel İşlevlerin günlük yaşam aktiviteleri, depresyon, anksiyete ve klinik değişkenlerle İlişkisi]

Demİr Akça A.S. | Saraçlı Ö. | Emre U. | Atasoy N. | Güdül S. | Barut B.Ö. | Şenormancı Ö.

Article | 2014 | Noropsikiyatri Arsivi51 ( 3 ) , pp.267 - 274

Introduction: Cognitive impairment in elderly patients, which may be a sign of dementia, depression, anxiety or medical diseases, has been determined as a risk factor for functional loss. In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of cognitive impairment and to investigate the relationship of cognitive status with sociodemographic variables, daily living activities, anxiety and depression in elderly inpatients.Method: The sample of this cross-sectional and descriptive study consists of 243 patients aged 65 years and older who were hospitalized in Bülent Ecevit University Hospital. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini . . .-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Activities of Daily Living Scale, Lawton-Brody Instrumental Daily Activities Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were used for data collection.Results: One hundred and six (43.6%) patients were female and 137 (56.4%) were male. The patients were divided into two groups according to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) 23/24 cut-off score. The cognitive decline was statistically significantly more frequent in patients who were older, female, less educated, low socioeconomic status, and living in rural areas. There were more problems in the basic and instrumental activities of daily living and nutrition in patients with cognitive decline. Anxiety and depression scores were higher in this group. In our study, although the frequency of cognitive decline and depression according to GDS were 56% and 48%, respectively; we found that only 10.5% of patients applied to the psychiatrist, and 9.3% of patients received psychiatric treatment.Conclusion: Cognitive decline may cause deterioration in the daily living activities, nutrition and capacity for independent functioning. Older age, female, low education, low socioeconomic status and living in rural area are important risk factors for cognitive impairment. Cognitive decline in older age may be associated with depression and anxiety. We assume that when cognitive decline, depression and other psychiatric problems are unidentified, it may contribute to deterioration of mental health in medically ill elderly. © 2014 Galenos Yayinevi. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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