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Vitamin E protects against oxidative damage caused by formaldehyde in the liver and plasma of rats

Gulec M. | Gurel A. | Armutcu F.

Article | 2006 | Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry290 ( 01.Feb ) , pp.61 - 67

It is well known that formaldehyde (FA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are cytotoxic and potentially carcinogenic. Although the individual effects of these reactants on cells have been investigated, the cytotoxicity exerted by the coexistence of FA and ROS is poorly understood. The present study was carried out to evaluate oxidant/ antioxidant status and biochemical changes occurring after chronic formaldehyde toxicity in liver tissue and plasma of rats and protective effect of vitamin E (vit E) against oxidative damage. Eighteen rats were divided into three groups: (1) control rats, (2) rats treated with FA (FAt), and (3) rats t . . .reated with FA plus vit E (FAt + vit E) groups. After the treatment, the animals were sacrificed and liver tissues were removed for biochemical investigations. As a result, FA treatment significantly increased the levels of tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC), nitric oxide (NO) and the activity of xanthine oxidase enzyme (XO). On the other hand, FA exposure led to decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in liver tissues compared to control. FA caused significant decreases in total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) whereas increases in aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and interleukine-2 (IL-2) levels in plasma. Vit E treatment abolished these changes at a level similar to the control group. It was concluded that vit E treatment might be beneficial in preventing FA-induced liver tissue damage, and therefore have potential for clinical use. © Springer Science + business Media, Inc. 2006 Daha fazlası Daha az

Exposure to streptomycin alters oxidative and antioxidative response in larval midgut tissues of Galleria mellonella

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Kalender, Yusuf

Article | 2009 | Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology94 ( 02.Mar ) , pp.112 - 118

Although antibiotics have different molecular modes of actions, increasing evidence for their secondary effects suggests that they disturb cellular homeostasis by generating free radical intermediates that trigger lipid peroxidation, which leads to oxidative stress. Streptomycin is an antibiotic insecticide used to control pest insects and microbial diseases of agricultural crops. We investigated the biochemical basis for pro-oxidative effects of streptomycin in the midgut tissues of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.) seventh-instar larvae by measuring content of the oxidative stress indicator, malondialdehyde (MDA), and ant . . .ioxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] and transaminases [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST)] activities. The insects were reared from first-instar larvae on artificial diets containing 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0 g streptomycin per 100 g of diets. The supplementation of streptomycin at high concentrations to the diets caused oxidative stress as evidenced by the elevation of MDA content, SOD and GPx activities, accompanied by the concurrent depletion of CAT and GST activities. The streptomycin-induced oxidative stress was also accompanied by decreases of transaminases activities in midgut tissues. We found a significant negative correlation of MDA contents with GST activities in the larval midgut tissues. These results suggest that exposure to dietary streptomycin resulted in oxidative stress which could impact midgut digestive physiology at the expense of impairment of antioxidant and transaminases enzymes in G. mellonella larvae. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The effects of boric acid-induced oxidative stress on antioxidant enzymes and survivorship in Galleria mellonella

Hyršl, Pavel | Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal

Article | 2007 | Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology66 ( 1 ) , pp.23 - 31

Larvae of the wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), were reared from first instar on a diet supplemented with 156, 620, 1,250, or 2,500 ppm boric acid (BA). The content of malondialdehyde (MDA, an oxidative stress indicator), and activities of the antioxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] were determined in the fat body and hemolymph in the 7th instar larvae and newly emerged pupae. Relative to control larvae, MDA was significantly increased in larval hemolymph, larval and pupal fat body, but decreased in the pupal hemolymph. Insects reared on di . . .ets with 156-and 620-ppm BA doses yielded increased SOD activity but 1,250- and 2,500-ppm doses resulted in decreased SOD activity in larval hemolymph. SOD activity was significantly increased but CAT was decreased in the larval fat body. High dietary BA treatments led to significantly decreased GST activity. However, they increased GPx activity in larval hemolymph. Dietary BA also affected larval survival. The 1,250- and 2,500-ppm concentrations led to significantly increased larval and pupal mortality and prolonged development. In contrast, the lowest BA concentration increased longevity and shortened development. We infer that BA toxicity is related, at least in part, to oxidative stress management. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of in vivo antioxidant enzyme activities of myrtle oil in normoglycaemic and alloxan diabetic rabbits

Sepici-Dincel A. | Açikgöz S. | Çevik C. | Sengelen M. | Yeşilada E.

Article | 2007 | Journal of Ethnopharmacology110 ( 3 ) , pp.498 - 503

In this study we aimed to evaluate the in vivo effects of myrtle oil (myrtii oleum) on the antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase, the levels of malondialdehyde in liver tissues as an index of lipid peroxidation and nitrite-nitrate levels in normoglycaemic and alloxan-induced diabetic and MO-treated rabbits. In our previous study, we assumed that MO with a dose of 50 mg/kg, possesses a hypoglycemic activity and this activity was independent from the effects of insulin. Myrtle oil exerts its hypoglycemic activity by enhanced glycolysis, glycogenesis and decreased glycogenolysis. What is more glucose load data s . . .trongly suggest that MO treatment produces hypoglycemia mainly by reducing intestinal absorption of glucose, so MO could be an ?-glycosidase enzyme inhibitor which had a hypoglycaemic effect only on alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits on the fourth hour and on orally glucose loaded group. The major finding of this new study is that, MO may not offer any protection against oxidative stress during acute studies in normoglycemic and diabetic groups. Although the levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase enzyme activities did not change during acute studies in diabetes + MO group, there was a significant change at the end of 21 days. There is a very limited knowledge about MO and its effects on diabetes. Therefore, we tried to explain the mechanism that might underlie the protective effects of MO with this paper. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Examination of lung toxicity, oxidant/antioxidant status and effect of erdosteine in rats kept in coal mine ambience

Armutcu F. | Gun B.D. | Altin R. | Gurel A.

Article | 2007 | Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology24 ( 2 ) , pp.106 - 113

Occupational exposure to coal dust causes pneumoconiosis and other diseases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coal dust-induced lung toxicity. In this experimental study, we investigated the oxidant/antioxidant status, nitric oxide (NO) and hydroxyproline (HP) levels in lungs and blood of rats exposed to coal dust in mine ambience. In addition, we also investigated the attenuating effects of erdosteine. At the end of the experiment processes, tissue levels of HP, malondialdehyde (MDA) and NO, as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, xanthine oxidase . . . (XO), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-?) were evaluated in the lung tissues, plasma samples or erythrocytes of rats. Exposure to coal dust resulted in a significant increase in the oxidant parameters (MDA, NO levels, and XO activity) and HP levels, as compared to the controls. A decrease in activities of antioxidant enzymes, and an increase in MPO activity were found in the study group, compared to the controls. Increased NO levels of lung were found in the study groups, that were significantly reduced by erdosteine. Our studies provide evidence that supports the hypothesis for ROS mediated coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Erdosteine may be beneficial in the coal dust-induced lung toxicity via antioxidant and free radical scavenger properties. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Penicillin-induced oxidative stress: Effects on antioxidative response of midgut tissues in instars of Galleria mellonella

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Kalender, Yusuf

Article | 2007 | Journal of Economic Entomology100 ( 5 ) , pp.1533 - 1541

Penicillin and other antibiotics are routinely incorporated in insect culture media. Although culturing insects in the presence of antibiotics is a decades-old practice, antibiotics can exert deleterious influences on insects. In this article, we test the hypothesis that one of the effects of dietary penicillin is to increase oxidative stress on insects. The effects of penicillin on midgut concentrations of the oxidative stress indicator malondialdehyde (MDA) and on midgut antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione S-transferase [GST], and glutathione peroxidase [GPx]) and transaminases (alanine amin . . .otransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) activities in greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.), were investigated. The insects were reared from first instars on artificial diets containing 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, or 1.0 g penicillin per 100 g of diets. MDA content was significantly increased in the midgut tissues of each larval instar reared in the presence of high penicillin concentrations. Activities of antioxidant and transaminase enzymes did not show a consistent pattern with respect to penicillin concentrations in diet or age of larvae. Despite the increased penicillin-induced oxidative stress in gut tissue, antioxidant and transaminase enzymes did not correlate with oxidative stress level or between each other in larvae of other age stages except for the seventh instar. We found a significant negative correlation of MDA content with SOD and GST activities in seventh instars. SOD activity was also negatively correlated with CAT activity in seventh instars. These results suggest that exposure to dietary penicillin resulted in impaired enzymatic antioxidant defense capacity and metabolic functions in wax moth larval midgut tissues and that the resulting oxidative stress impacts midgut digestive physiology. © 2007 Entomological Society of America Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of boric acid on antioxidant enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation, and ultrastructure of midgut and fat body of Galleria mellonella

Büyükgüzel, Ender | Büyükgüzel, Kemal | Snela, Milena | Erdem, Meltem | Radtke, Katarzyna | Ziemnicki, Kazimierz | Adamski, Zbigniew

Article | 2013 | Cell Biology and Toxicology29 ( 2 ) , pp.117 - 129

Boric acid is widely used as an insecticide, acaricide, herbicide, and fungicide and also during various industrial processings. Hence, numerous populations are subjects to this toxic compound. Its action on animals is still not fully known and understood. We examined the effect of boric acid on larvae of greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella). The chemical appeared to be toxic for larvae, usually in a concentration-dependent manner. Exposed groups revealed increased lipid peroxidation and altered activity of catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione peroxidase. We also observed changes of ultrastruc . . .ture, which were in tune with biochemical assays. We suggest that boric acid has a broad mode of action, which may affect exposed larvae, and even if sublethal, they may lead to disturbances within exposed populations. © 2013 The Author(s) Daha fazlası Daha az

Antioxidant response at early stages and low grades of simple coal worker's pneumoconiosis diagnosed by high resolution computed tomography

Altin R. | Armutcu F. | Kart L. | Gurel A. | Savranlar A. | Özdemir H.

Article | 2004 | International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health207 ( 5 ) , pp.455 - 462

In miners exposed to coal dusts, coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) can occur. The purpose of the present study is to better understand the relations between coal dust exposure and activities of blood plasma antioxidant enzymes, namely, Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and lipid peroxidation end product malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in coal workers with early and low grade simple CWP diagnosed by high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Forty-three coal workers who had profusions of 0/1-2/2 according to ILO 1980 chest X-ray (CXR) classification, 43 coal workers without CWP (control group 1) an . . .d 44 healthy subjects (control group 2) who were randomly selected from the population register or recruited from the hospital staff were enrolled. Coal workers were reevaluated by HRCT (Hosoda-Shida classification) due to its higher sensitivity than standard CXR. Then, blood plasma SOD and GSH-Px activities and MDA plasma levels were measured. CWP was found positive in 46 of 89 coal workers by HRCT evaluation. Profusion 0 (P0, CWP not present), profusion 1 (P1, early CWP) and profusion 2 (P2, low grade CWP) were found in 43, 23 and 19 of patients found to have CWP by HRCT, respectively. We had no worker with profusion 3 (P3). Complicated CWP was shown in four of 46 patients and thesecases were excluded as the study was restricted to early and low-grade pneumoconiosis. In respect to the plasma levels of MDA and plasma activities of SOD and GSH-Px, statistically significant differences were found between CWP cases and control groups ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Serum and BAL cytokine and antioxidant enzyme levels at different stages of pneumoconiosis in coal workers

Ulker O.C. | Yucesoy B. | Demir O. | Tekin I.O. | Karakaya A.

Article | 2008 | Human and Experimental Toxicology27 ( 12 ) , pp.871 - 877

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is an occupational pulmonary disease that occurs by chronic inhalation of coal dust. CWP is divided into two stages depending on the extent of the disease, as simple pneumoconiosis (SP) and progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). In the present study, serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytokine (interleukin-1ß [IL-1ß], IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-? [TNF-?], transforming growth factor-ß [TGF-ß]) and antioxidant enzymes levels, their relation with the disease severity, and whether they can be considered as biological markers were investigated. Serum and BAL levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-? were highe . . .r in SP and PMF patient groups compared with that in active and retired miner groups. Serum and BAL IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-? levels were also found to be higher in patients with PMF compared with the SP group. BAL superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, and catalase levels and serum SOD level were increased in both patient groups compared with the control group. In addition, mean serum and BAL TGF-ß levels were found to be increased in patients with SP compared with PMF group. Based on these results, BAL and serum cytokine and antioxidant enzymes levels were evaluated and discussed as potential biomarkers for different stages of CWP. © 2008 SAGE Publications Daha fazlası Daha az

Vitamin E against oxidative damage caused by formaldehyde in frontal cortex and hippocampus: Biochemical and histological studies

Gurel A. | Coskun O. | Armutcu F. | Kanter M. | Ozen O.A.

Article | 2005 | Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy29 ( 3 ) , pp.173 - 178

Formaldehyde (FA) can cause severe central nervous system impairment. But, there are only a few studies about biochemical and histopathological changes of frontal cortex and hippocampal tissue caused by FA toxicity. The aim of our study was to investigate these changes occurring after chronic formaldehyde toxicity in frontal cortex and hippocampal tissues, and protective effect of Vitamin E (vit E) against oxidative damage. Eighteen rats were divided into three groups: (1) control, (2) treated with FA (FAt), and (3) treated with FA and vit E (FAt + vit E) groups. After the treatment, the animals were sacrificed and frontal cortex an . . .d hippocampal tissues were removed for biochemical and histopathological investigation. FA significantly increased tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) levels and also decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in frontal cortex and hippocampal tissue compared to control. Vit E treatment decreased MDA and PC levels and prevented inhibition of SOD and CAT enzymes in the tissues. In the FAt group, the neurons of both tissues became extensively dark and degenerated with picnotic nuclei. The morphology of neurons in FAt + vit E group was protected well, but not as neurons of the control group. The number of neurons in frontal cortex and hippocampal tissue of FAt group was significantly less than both control and FAt + vit E groups. It was concluded that vit E treatment might be beneficial in preventing FA-induced oxidative frontal cortex and hippocampal tissue damage, therefore, shows potential for clinical use. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Gastroprotective and antioxidant effects of amiodarone on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers in rats

Ozbakis Dengiz G. | Odabasoglu F. | Halici Z. | Suleyman H. | Cadirci E. | Bayir Y.

Article | 2007 | Archives of Pharmacal Research30 ( 11 ) , pp.1426 - 1434

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the etiology of indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal damage. This study investigated amiodarone's protective effects against oxidative gastric mucosal damage induced by indomethacin. Amiodarone is a widely used antiarrhythmic agent. We have investigated alterations in the glutathione level, and the activities of antioxidative enzymes [superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione s-transferase glutathione reductase and myeloperoxidase], as markers for ulceration process following oral administration of amiodarone and ranitidine in rats with indomethacin-induced ulcers. In the prese . . .nt study we found that 1) amiodarone, lansoprazole and ranitidine reduced the development of indomethacin-induced gastric damages, at a greater magnitude for amiodarone and lansoprazole than for ranitidine; 2) amiodarone and ranitidine alleviated increases in the activities of catalase and glutathione s-transferase enzymes resulting from ulcers; 3) amiodarone and ranitidine ameliorated depressions in the glutathione level and the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase enzymes caused by indomethacin administration; and 4) all doses of amiodarone amplified the myeloperoxidase activity resulting from indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers. The results indicate that the gastroprotective activity of amiodarone, which may be linked to its intrinsic antioxidant properties, cannot be attributed to its effect on myeloperoxidase activity Daha fazlası Daha az

The oxidative and morphological effects of high concentration chronic toluene exposure on rat sciatic nerves

Coskun O. | Oter S. | Korkmaz A. | Armutcu F. | Kanter M.

Article | 2005 | Neurochemical Research30 ( 1 ) , pp.33 - 38

This study was designed to investigate the effects of chronic toluene inhalation in high concentration on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme activities and ultrastructural changes in the sciatic nerves of rats. Male Wistar albino rats (150-250 g) were divided in two experimental groups: the control and the toluene treated group (n = 10 for each). Toluene treatment was performed by inhalation of 3000 ppm toluene, in a 8 h/day and 6 day/week order for 16 weeks. Blood and tissue samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigation. The blood and sciatic nerves were assayed for toluene by gas chromatography. Tol . . .uene significantly increased blood and tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), and decreased tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), but not tissue catalase (CAT) levels when compared with controls. Electron micrographs of sciatic nerve in the toluene group shows myelin destructions with onion-bulb and bubble form protrusion on the myelin sheath and axolemma border of myelinated axons. The area of injury on the myelin sheath were measured by Image-Pro Plus. Mean of the injury area were estimated 34% each myelin. These findings indicate that chronic toluene inhalation might be involved with free radical processes Daha fazlası Daha az

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