Effects of acceptor phase and donor phase properties on sodium ions transport from aqueous solutions using liquid membrane systems

Altın, Süreyya | Demircioğlu, Nuhi | Peker, İbrahim | Altın, Ahmet

Article | 2007 | Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects306 ( 1-3 SPEC. ISS. ) , pp.14 - 21

In this study, the effects of the acceptor phase and the donor phase properties on sodium ion transport were examined in bulk liquid membrane systems. In the experiments, toluene and a mixture of toluene-dichloromethane (90-10%, v/v) containing 1 × 10-3 M DB18C6 (dibenzo18crown6) was used as the membrane. In order to examine the effects of different the acceptor phases, firstly H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, CH3COOH and distilled water were used as the acceptor phases. Furthermore, the experiments were performed by using various acid concentrations such as 2, 0.2 and 0.02 M of acids, as the acceptor phase. In the second part of the study, the ef . . .fect of donor phase on sodium ion transport was examined. For this examination, Na2SO4, NaNO3, NaOH and NaCl were applied. In order to determine the effect of the donor phase concentration, the experimentation was performed using 1.08 × 10-2, 2.17 × 10-2, 3.26 × 10-2 and 4.34 × 10-2 M concentrations of Na+ in form of NaCl. Finally, nonsteady-state kinetics was applied on all data obtained from the experiments and reaction constants (k1, k2, and k3) and the values of the Rmax, tmax, k1/k2 were calculated. Consequently, it was determined that the type and the concentration of the acceptor phase and the donor phase solutions were significant for transport efficiency in liquid membrane systems. The most efficient transport was obtained by applying 2 M H2SO4 and 2.17 × 10-2 M Na+ in form of NaCl. Besides, It was observed that there was a significant effect of the anion attached to the cation on transport efficiency. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Mosses as indicators of atmospheric heavy metal deposition around a coal-fired power plant in Turkey

Uyar, Güray | Ören, Muhammet | Yıldırım, Yılmaz | İnce, Mahir

Article | 2007 | Fresenius Environmental Bulletin16 ( 2 ) , pp.182 - 192

This study was carried out from May 2003 to October 2004 in the vicinity of Çatalagzi coal-fired power plant (CATES) located in Zonguldak, North-West Turkey, in order to investigate atmospheric heavy metal depositions by sampling and analysing Pleurocarp mosses as biomonitoring plants. Initially, ISC-ST (Industrial Source Complex-Short Term) dispersion models were used to determine theoretically the most polluted sites of CATES. After the modelling, sampling was performed in these theoretically determined grids. Samples were analyzed using graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) after wet digestion. In the region, the . . .general order of heavy metal content in samples of mosses was determined to be as follows: Fe>Pb>Ni>Cr>Cu>Co>As. Background mean levels of the metals studied, except Cu, were determined and found to be higher than that of European background. The results are also presented in the form of thematic maps using the Geographic Information System (GIS). © by PSP 2007 Daha fazlası Daha az

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