Gender differences in romantic jealousy and attachment styles

Güçlü O. | Şenormancı Ö. | Şenormancı G. | Köktürk F.

Article | 2017 | Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology27 ( 4 ) , pp.359 - 365

Objective: We examined the gender differences and attachment styles with regard to the phenomenology of jealousy among married individuals. Method: The study included 86 married couples who presented to the Marriage Counselling Centre at the Bakırköy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology, and Neurosurgery. Subjects were evaluated in terms of sociodemographic data, the Romantic Jealousy Questionnaire, and the Adult Attachment Style Scale. Results: In our population, 79% of males and 66% of females defined themselves as jealous. Females had higher emotional and cognitive scores than male participants. Females had hi . . .gher scores on the negative effects of jealousy. Female commitment scores were higher than those of males. Ambivalent attachment was positively correlated with physical, emotional, and behavioural responses to jealousy and inadequacy as a reason for jealousy. Conclusions: We suggest that a multidimensional approach permits to identify and guide responses to the challenge of romantic jealousy. © 2017 The Author(s) Daha fazlası Daha az

Reliability and validity study of the Turkish version of the remission from depression questionnaire

Kart A. | Zamki E. | Orsel S. | Turkcapar H.

Article | 2019 | Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology29 ( 3 ) , pp.354 - 360

Objective: In current psychiatric practice, the principal goal in the treatment of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is to achieve remission. Symptom-based definitions of remission do not adequately reflect the treatment expectations of depressed patients. The “Remission from Depression Questionnaire (RDQ)” evaluates not only symptoms of depression but also patients’ other psychiatric symptoms, positive mental health, ability to function in various contexts, sense of well-being, life satisfaction and ability to cope. The first aim of this study is to assess the reliability and validity of the RDQ’s Turkish language versi . . .on. Secondly, it purposes to compare the scale with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in psychometric terms. Method: 106 outpatients who met MDD diagnosis criteria according to Diasnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) were included in the study. After the translation and back-translation processes, the RDQ, HDRS, BDI, Beck Anxiety Inventory and World Health Organization Quality of Life survey (short version) were administered. Results: All item-scale correlations were found to be statistically significant, and the median value for correlations was.534. The RDQ Turkish version demostrated excellent internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of.945. The test-retest reliability value for the overall RDQ was.908. The correlations between the RDQ subscales and psychosocial functioning, quality of life areas, anxiety severity and depression severity were evaluated and convergent validity analysis was performed, revealing significant relationships between the RDQ total and subscale scores and the other applied scales. For a discriminant validity assessment, the RDQ scores and subscales of two groups made up of the patients who were in remission and those who were not in remission were compared with the HDRS score (with a cutoff point of 7 points) or BDI (with a cutoff point of 17 points) score. We conducted a ROC curve analysis to determine the most appropriate cutoff score for the RDQ. When the cutoff value 7 of HDRS were used, sensitivity was found to be 86.7% for a cutoff value of 43 for the RDQ, and specificity was 73.5%. When the cutoff value 17 of BDI were used, the sensitivity was 85.5% and the specificity was 75% for a cutoff value of 43 for the RDQ. Conclusion: Our findings show that the Turkish version of RDQ is a reliable and valid scale. © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Vitamin B12 and haemoglobin levels may be related with ADHD symptoms: a study in Turkish children with ADHD

Unal D. | Çelebi F. | Bildik H.N. | Koyuncu A. | Karahan S.

Article | 2018 | Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology , pp.354 - 360

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated vitamin B12 and iron parameters in Turkish children with ADHD in order to examine the relationship between ADHD symptoms and these parameters. METHODS: Drug-naive 100 ADHD patients, aged between 6 and 12 years old, were included in the study. None of them had acute or chronic diseases. All patients were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children–Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). Conners Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) was used for screening ADHD symptoms and symptom severity. Blood samples were evaluated for ferritin, haemoglobin, MCV, RD . . .W, and vitamin B12 parameters. RESULTS: We indicated an inverse relationship between haemoglobin levels and learning, anxiety subscale scores of CPRS. Also, vitamin B12 and psychosomatic subscale scores were found negatively related whereas the relationship was in the opposite direction for ferritin. Vitamin B12 level was negatively correlated with learning problems and psychosomatic subscales of CTRS in the combined subtype of ADHD. CONCLUSION: Vitamin B12 and iron support may be useful in treatment of childhood ADHD, especially for learning problems, besides medication. © 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

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