Novel fusion approach on automatic object extraction from spatial data: case study Worldview-2 and TOPO5000

Sefercik U.G. | Karakis S. | Atalay C. | Yigit I. | Gokmen U.

Article | 2018 | Geocarto International33 ( 10 ) , pp.1139 - 1154

The automatic extraction of information content from remotely sensed data is always challenging. We suggest a novel fusion approach to improve the extraction of this information from mono-satellite images. A Worldview-2 (WV-2) pan-sharpened image and a 1/5000-scaled topographic vector map (TOPO5000) were used as the sample data. Firstly, the buildings and roads were manually extracted from WV-2 to point out the maximum extractable information content. Subsequently, object-based automatic extractions were performed. After achieving two-dimensional results, a normalized digital surface model (nDSM) was generated from the underlying di . . .gital aerial photos of TOPO5000, and the automatic extraction was repeated by fusion with the nDSM to include individual object heights as an additional band for classification. The contribution was tested by precision, completeness and overall quality. Novel fusion technique increased the success of automatic extraction by 7% for the number of buildings and by 23% for the length of roads. © 2017, © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Area-based quality control of airborne laser scanning 3D models for different land classes using terrestrial laser scanning: sample survey in Houston, USA

Sefercik U.G. | Glennie C. | Singhania A. | Hauser D.

Article | 2015 | International Journal of Remote Sensing36 ( 23 ) , pp.5916 - 5934

Airborne laser scanning (ALS) is a remote-sensing technique that provides scale-accurate 3D models consisting of dense point clouds with x, y planimetric coordinates and altitude z. Using ALS, very high-resolution (VHR) digital surface models (DSMs) have been widely used for commercial and scientific applications since the early 1990s. Although there is widespread usage, there has been little comprehensive investigation of quality control for ALS DSMs in the literature, as most studies have been limited to assessing point-based vertical accuracy. This article is dedicated to investigating the quality of ALS DSMs for different land c . . .lasses using statistical and visual approaches based on absolute and relative vertical accuracy metrics. Rather than a limited number of ground control points (GCP), the model-to-model-based approach is applied and DSMs derived from terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) point clouds that have around 5 mm absolute and 3 mm relative geolocation accuracy were used as the reference data for comparison. The results demonstrate that in open, grass, and building land classes, the ALS DSMs reached both standard deviation (?) and normalized median absolute deviation (NMAD) of 3–5 cm after the elimination of any systematic biases. This result sufficiently satisfies the vertical accuracy requirements for 1/1000-scale topographic maps determined by National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP) specifications. In tall vegetation, a higher number of discrepancies larger than 0.5 m exist, reversing the relation between ? and NMAD. These vegetation errors also do not appear to be normally distributed. As an additional investigation, the performance of ALS DEMs under dense high-vegetation areas was assessed. These under-canopy ALS DEMs, created using only classified ground returns, offer both ? and NMAD of 12–14 cm, a performance level that is difficult to achieve under-canopy using photogrammetric techniques. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Daha fazlası Daha az

Quantifying coherence between TDM90, SRTM90 and ASTER90

Sefercik U.G.

Article | 2019 | Geocarto International , pp.5916 - 5934

German Aerospace Centre released TanDEM-X 90 m (TDM90) global digital elevation model (GDEM) as freely available in October, 2018 and declared that it describes all Earth’s landmasses pole to pole with 1 m absolute height accuracy which could not been achieved by previous space-borne GDEMs. In this study, the coherence level of TDM90 with SRTM90 and ASTER90 were comprehensively analysed by visual and statistical comparison approaches in two study areas including different topographic characteristics. In visual approaches, colour-scaled coherence maps, contour maps, aspects depending on ascending and descending flying orbits and outl . . .ier illustrations were generated and interpreted. In statistical approaches, horizontal and vertical absolute and relative geolocation disparities and frequency distributions of height differences were presented. The results demonstrated that the terrain slope has a great impact on the coherence levels between TDM90 and compared GDEMs. Overall, TDM90 is more coherent with SRTM90 against ASTER90 except clear dissimilarity problems in strip border lines. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

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