Lipoma of the deep lobe of the parotid gland is extremely rare. A forty-two-year-old man presented with a painless, soft, and slow-growing mass in the left preauricular area. Ultrasonography and computed tomography findings were consistent with lipoma. The patient was treated with superficial parotidectomy and total excision of the mass with preservation of the facial nerve. Histologic findings confirmed the diagnosis. No recurrences were detected during 1.5 years in the postoperative period.
Benign fibrous histiocytoma is a common soft tissue tumor that can be deep or superficially located. Although the deep type of fibrous histiocytoma has a predilection for the orbit, the eyelids are an unusual location for the cutaneous type. A 42-year-old woman had bilateral yellowish nodular masses of the eyelids for two years. Pathological examination after excision revealed benign fibrous histiocytoma. Our case is an unusual clinical presentation of cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma as well as a rare location such as the eyelids.
Severe burn injuries cause functional impairment in distant internal organs. Although this mechanism is not clear, it is possible that free radical toxicity plays an important role. Research in animals and clinical studies have shown that there is a close relationship between a lipid peroxidative reaction and secondary pathological changes following thermal injury. It has been demonstrated that antioxidant treatment prevents oxidative tissue damage associated with thermal trauma. This study was designed to determine the possible protective effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) treatment against oxidative damage in the kidney . . . and lung induced by thermal injury. Rats were decapitated either 1, 3 or 7 days after burn injury. CAPE was administered intraperitoneally immediately after thermal injury. Kidney and lung tissues were taken for the determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) level, myeloperoxidase (MPO), catalase (CAT), Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activities. Severe skin thermal injury caused a significant decrease in SOD and CAT activities, as well as significant increases in MDA level, XO and MPO activities in tissues during the postburn period. Treatment of rats with CAPE (10 µmol/kg) significantly elevated the decreased SOD and CAT activities, while it decreased MDA levels and MPO as well as XO activity
Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by endothelial cell injury, fibroblast activation and immunological aberrations. Generalized form of the disease involves skin and other organs. Progressive sclerodermatous type cGVHD is the difficult type to treat. Immunosuppressors are the most commonly used treatment regimens. Topical silicone gel sheet (SGS) were first used in the treatment of burn wound and following their initial successes have begun to be used in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids. To best of our knowledge, this is the first patient with extensive sclerodermatous type cGVHD in whom SGS was . . . applied on to the skin of the antecubital region. After a six months application of SGS, the skin of this region was remarkably soft and thick compared to other regions of the arm. The result indicate that SGS may be an useful tool for the treatment of extensive sclerodermatous type cGVHD
Collagenoma is a hamartomatous lesion consisting of proliferation of normal collagen tissue. We describe a 19-year-old girl with a firm, elastic 3 × 2 cm nodule located on her right plantar fossa. Histopathologically, dense, coarse, thick collagen fibers were located in the dermis. In addition, the number of elastic fibers was slightly decreased. Based on these findings, the case was diagnosed as isolated plantar collagenoma.