Bulunan: 138 Adet 0.001 sn
Koleksiyon [15]
Tam Metin [2]
Yayın Türü [1]
Yazar [20]
Yayın Yılı [19]
Konu Başlıkları [20]
Yayıncı [19]
Yayın Dili [2]
Dergi Adı [20]
Current management of acute bronchiolitis in Turkey [Türkiye'deki pediatristlerin akut bronşiyolite güncel yaklaşimlari]

Pişkin I.E. | Atay N.E. | Karacan C.D. | Ipek M.Ş. | Yöney A.

Review | 2007 | Cocuk Sagligi ve Hastaliklari Dergisi50 ( 3 ) , pp.168 - 173

Acute bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection in infants. The aim of this study was to overview the treatment practices of pediatricians in Turkey and to compare them with the current international management approaches. Questionnaires about acute bronchiolitis were distributed to pediatricians in the 49 th National Congress of Pediatrics and 2nd Congress of Pediatric Emergency and Intensive Care. The questionnare described a clinical scenario and this was followed by a list of management questions. Of a total of 300 questionnaires, 160 (53%) were returned. Of the participants, 88% give inhaled salbutamol, . . . and 74% only oxygen or inhaled salbutamol plus oxygen in children with moderate acute bronhiolitis. Pediatricians in state hospitals use steroid (42%) and cold mist therapy (10%) more than in university and training hospitals (p<0.05). Epinephrine administration was significantly lower than in state hospitals and university and training hospitals, respectively at 2% and 5%. The most common survey in acute bronchiolitis was chest radiographs (68%). Antibiotics were prescribed routinely by 10% of state hospital pediatricians and by 6% of university and training hospital pediatricians. In conclusion, in light of the new, randomized, controlled clinical research and meta-analyses, guidelines have to be updated and continuous education provided with evidence-based protocols Daha fazlası Daha az

The use of information and communication technologies by civil society organizations as public actors in Turkey [Türkiye’de kamusal aktörler olarak sivil toplum örgütlerinin bilgi ve İletişim teknolojilerini kullanımı]

Demi·Rhan K. | Onur İNce F.H.

Review | 2018 | Amme Idaresi Dergisi51 ( 3 ) , pp.61 - 87

Civil society organizations have some public roles. These roles are getting in contact with local, regional and global public actors, finding sources, affecting public opinion, improving civic culture, and leading decision making processes. Internet and social media platforms may contribute to civil society organizations realizing their public roles and improving their institutional potentials. Civil society organizations should have access to the information technologies and should develop a specific strategy towards the use of information technologies. This research analyzes the access level of civil society organizations to infor . . .mation technologies, the usage level of information technologies in the activities of organizations, and organizations’ approach to the use of these technologies. © 2018 TURKIYE ORTADOGU AMME IDARES IENSTITUSU. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity in Turkey

Bas A.Y. | Koc E. | Dilmen U. | Oguz S.S. | Ovali F. | Demirel N. | Zenciroglu A.

Review | 2015 | British Journal of Ophthalmology99 ( 10 ) , pp.1311 - 1314

Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the current incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the need for treatment in preterm infants in Turkey. Methods: The study included preterm infants who had been screened for ROP between 2011 and 2013 in 49 neonatal intensive care units. Infants with birth weight (BW) ?1500 g or ?32 weeks' gestational age and those with BW >1500 g or >32 weeks' GA with an unstable clinical course were included. The incidence of any ROP or severe ROP and treatment modalities were determined. Results: The study population included 15 745 preterm infants: 11 803 (75%) with GA ?32 weeks, an . . .d 3942 (25%) with GA >32 weeks. Overall, 30% were found to have any stage of ROP, and 5% had severe ROP. Severe ROP was diagnosed in 8.2% of infants with BW ?1500 g and 0.6% of infants with BW >1500 g. Of all infants diagnosed with ROP, 16.5% needed laser photocoagulation, and 20 patients born at >32 weeks' GA required this treatment modality. Vitroretinal surgery was performed in 28 infants with severe ROP: 23 with GA ?28 weeks and 5 with GA 29-32 weeks. Conclusions: The findings of our study have the important implication that more mature babies are at risk of severe ROP requiring treatment. An effective programme for detecting and treating ROP should be established in Turkey Daha fazlası Daha az

Beekeeping experience and developments in Turkey and in Northern Cyprus

Kandemir I.

Review | 2003 | American Bee Journal143 ( 6 ) , pp.464 - 467

The recent status of beekeeping in Turkey and Northern Cyprus are described. Races of honey bees, activities of honey bees, honey production, traditional beekeeping using traditional hives, modern beekeeping using modern hives, in these countries, are included in this work. History of beekeeping and research activities are also discussed. Comparisons in terms of number of colonies and honey yield with other countries are tabulated.

Persian honey bees and beekeeping observations in Iran

Kandemir I. | Moradi M.G.

Review | 2004 | American Bee Journal144 ( 9 ) , pp.699 - 703

The presented work is the collection of observations on Persian beekeeping in the North of Iran in the Elbruz Mountains. It gives a brief summary about the country and beekeeping practices and also recent statistics about Iranian beekeeping.

Radiological characteristics of pulmonary hydatid disease in children - Less common radiological appearances

Erdem, CZ | Erdem, LO

Review | 2003 | EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY45 ( 2 ) , pp.123 - 128

Objective: To evaluate the chest roentgenogram and CT characteristics of pulmonary hydatid disease (PHD). Material and methods: Forty-seven (27 male and 20 female, aged between 3 and I I years) consecutive pediatric patients with surgically proven pulmonary hydatid cysts were enrolled for the study. Posteroanterior and lateral chest roentgenograms, CT of the chest, and laboratory findings (latex agglutination, Casoni skin test, and eosinophil count) were obtained from all of the patients. The radiological features (localization, internal architecture, number, diameter) were determined. Results: On CT examination, a total of 79 cysts . . . were determined. On chest roentgenogram, 57 of 79 cysts were detected in all patients. Single cysts were seen in 33 patients, while multiple cysts were seen in 14. Median CT density of the cysts was 21 Hounsfield units (HU) (0-80). There were six giant cysts ( > 10 cm of cyst diameter). The crescent sign, water lily sign, and air-fluid level were seen in two, five and eight of the cysts, respectively. Apart from the classically described features of pulmonary hydatid cysts of the lung, a crescent-shaped rim of air at the lower end of the cyst (inverse crescent sign) was detected in three cysts. All of the liquid content of the cyst was expelled to the bronchial system (dry cyst sign) was observed in seven cysts. There were two infected cysts. Heavily calcified curvilinear cyst wall was present in one cyst. Pericystic reaction in the lung tissue was observed in five patients. Other features included pleural effusion (n = 2), mediastinal shift (n = 6) and atelectasis (n = 7). Conclusions: Chest roentgenogram is helpful for diagnosis of intact cysts but, it is impossible to define entire morphology of the complicated cysts. CT imaging recognize certain details of the lesions and discover others that are not visible by conventional radiography. In conclusion, CT examination should be done to elucidate cystic nature of the lung mass and for accurate localization in the preoperative period. In addition, inverse crescent sign should be recognized as feature of pulmonary hydatid cysts on CT. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Fuat Dündar and the Deportation of the Greeks

Efiloglu A.

Review | 2014 | Middle East Critique23 ( 1 ) , pp.89 - 106

A review of the controversial book by Turkish historian Fuat Dündar, Modern Türkiye'nin Şifresi, İttihat ve Terakki'nin Etnisite Mühendisligi [The Code of Modern Turkey: The Committee of Union and Progress' Ethnic Engineering], published in 2008. The main thesis of the book is that the fundamental aim of Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) government was to Turkify Anatolia through the deportation and re-settlement of its non-Turkish population. Dündar deals primarily with the deportation of the Armenians. He believes that the Unionists had been exerting their utmost effort toward Turkifying Anatolia since 1913.1 The CUP master pl . . .an was to deport the Armenians, thus cleansing them from Anatolia. Dündar claims that in 1915 the CUP even found it necessary to massacre the Armenians in some regions.2 However, this review examines only the section of his book on the deportation of the Greeks, a topic that does not garner as much attention as the Armenian deportations. This review attempts to show how Dündar addressed this topic, how he used the documents, and how well he managed to deliver on his aim of interpreting the documents in a way that sheds new light on the deportations of Greeks. He views the deportation and resettlement of the Greeks as a development that came about after the beginning of World War I, when the CUP entered into an alliance with Germany, and references documents that he studied in the Ottoman archives to support his argument. © 2014 © 2014 Editors of Middle East Critique Daha fazlası Daha az

HPV vaccination practice [HPV aşi{dotless} uygulamalari{dotless}]

Şahbaz A. | Erol O.

Review | 2014 | Turk Jinekoloji ve Obstetrik Dernegi Dergisi11 ( 2 ) , pp.126 - 130

Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological cancer type in the world and approximately 500.000 women diagnosed as cervical cancer, annually. Human papilloma virus (HPV)-DNA presence was showed in about 95% of the cervical cancer cases. There are two types of over-the-counter HPV vaccine approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) named as bivalent and quadrivalent vaccine. World Health Organization (WHO), recommends HPV vaccination in order to prevent cervical cancer cases. Due to higher rates of HPV infection during the beginning of sexually active periods of life, vaccination is recommended prior to HPV infection. Mo . . .st of the developed countries select individuals between 12-17 years of age as the target population in the national vaccination program. According to 2010 data, 33 countries in the world implemented national HPV vaccination program, however most of the countries where cervical cancer incidence is high do not have a vaccination program and policy Daha fazlası Daha az

Energy situation and renewables in Turkey and environmental effects of energy use

Akpinar A. | Kömürcü M.I. | Kankal M. | Özölçer I.H. | Kaygusuz K.

Review | 2008 | Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews12 ( 8 ) , pp.2013 - 2039

The effects on global and environmental air quality of pollutants released into the atmosphere from fossil fuels in power plants provide strong arguments for the development of renewable energy resources. Clean, domestic and renewable energy is commonly accepted as the key for future life, not only for Turkey but also for the world. In this regard, the objective of this paper is to present a review of the energy situation, technical and economical potential and utilization of renewables, including hydraulic energy, biomass energy, solar energy, wind energy and geothermal energy, in Turkey and then concerned with greenhouse gas emiss . . .ions status, especially in air pollution, and environmental impacts of renewable energy sources. The renewable energy potential of the country, their present utilization, and greenhouse gas emissions status are evaluated based on the available data. The present paper shows that there is an important potential for renewables in Turkey and making use of renewable energy and energy efficiency resources to provide energy services to the electricity consumers can provide significant environmental benefits for Turkey. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Melatonin and oral cavity

Cengiz M.I. | Cengiz S. | Wang H.-L.

Review | 2012 | International Journal of Dentistry , pp.2013 - 2039

While initially the oral cavity was considered to be mainly a source of various bacteria, their toxins and antigens, recent studies showed that it may also be a location of oxidative stress and periodontal inflammation. Accordingly, this paper focuses on the involvement of melatonin in oxidative stress diseases of oral cavity as well as on potential therapeutic implications of melatonin in dental disorders. Melatonin has immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities, stimulates the proliferation of collagen and osseous tissue, and acts as a protector against cellular degeneration associated with aging and toxin exposure. Arising out o . . .f its antioxidant actions, melatonin protects against inflammatory processes and cellular damage caused by the toxic derivates of oxygen. As a result of these actions, melatonin may be useful as a coadjuvant in the treatment of certain conditions of the oral cavity. However, the most important effect of melatonin seems to result from its potent antioxidant, immunomodulatory, protective, and anticancer properties. Thus, melatonin could be used therapeutically for instance, locally, in the oral cavity damage of mechanical, bacterial, fungal, or viral origin, in postsurgical wounds caused by tooth extractions and other oral surgeries. Additionally, it can help bone formation in various autoimmunological disorders such as Sjorgen syndrome, in periodontal diseases, in toxic effects of dental materials, in dental implants, and in oral cancers. Copyright © 2012 Murat nan Cengiz et al Daha fazlası Daha az

The use of Alloxan and Streptozotocin in Experimental Diabetes Models [Deneysel Diyabet Modellerinde Alloksan ve Streptozotosin Kullanımı]

Kurçer Z. | Karaoglu D.

Review | 2012 | Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism16 ( 2 ) , pp.34 - 40

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease which leads to several acute and chronic complications, morbidity and mortality, and decreased lifespan and quality of life. Therefore, in research studies that aim to enlighten the pathogenesis of diabetes and investigate possible treatment strategies, experimental animal models of diabetes provide many advantages to the investigator. Models of diabetes obtained by chemical induction, diet, surgical manipulations or combination thereof and also new genetically modified animal models are some of the experimental models. Alloxan and streptozotocin (STZ), which are toxic glucose analogues that p . . .referentially accumulate in pancreatic beta cells, are widely used toxic agents to induce experimental diabetes in animals. This review gives an overview on the use of alloxan and STZ to induce chemical diabetes models with reference to their mechanisms, utilizable doses, advantages and disadvantages in diabetes research Daha fazlası Daha az

The Role of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Monitoring Rapidly Occurring Landslides

Yaprak, Servet | Yildirim, Omer | Susam, Tekin | Inyurt, Samed | Oguz, Irfan

Review | 2018 | GEODETSKI LIST72 ( 2 ) , pp.113 - 132

This study used an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that was designed and produced to monitor rapidly occurring landslides in forest areas. It aimed to determine the location data for the study area using image sensors integrated into the UAV. The study area was determined as the landslide sites located in the Talieiftlik campus of Gaziosmanpaa University, Turkey. It was determined that landslide activities were on going in the determined study area and data was collected regarding the displacement of materials. Additionally, it was observed that data about landslides may be collected in a fast and sensitive way using UAVs, and this me . . .thod is proposed as a new approach. Flights took place over a total of five different periods. In order to determine the direction and coordinate variables for the developed model, eight Ground Control Points (GCPs), whose coordinates were obtained using the GNSS method, were placed on the study area. In each period, approximately 190 photographs were investigated. The photos obtained were analyzed using the Pix4D software. At the end of each period, the Root Mean Square and Ground Sample Distance (GSD) values of the GCPs were calculated. Orthomosaic and digital surface models (DSM) were produced for the location and height model. The results showed that max RMS=+/- 3.3 cm and max GSD=3.57 cm. When the first and fifth periods were compared, the highest spatial displacement value Delta S=111.0 cm, the highest subsidence value Delta h=37.3 cm and the highest swelling value Delta h=28.6 cm were measured Daha fazlası Daha az

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