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Institutional change in the turkish energy markets

Çetin T.

Book Part | 2013 | Understanding the Process of Economic Change in Turkey: An Institutional Approach , pp.275 - 318

By enacting the Electricity Market Law in February 2001 and the Natural Gas Market Law in May 2001, respectively, Turkey began reforming the institutional environment of the Turkish energy industry. The aim was to unbundle the state-owned monopolistic structures of the markets by separating vertically. The new legal structure has de jure changed the pre-reform institutional structure of the energy markets. In other words, the legal change has aimed to introduce competition to the Turkish energy industry. In order to ensure this objective, as an independent regulatory agency with full regulatory discretions over both the electricity . . .market and the natural gas market, Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) was established. In this context, the chapter aims to review the process of institutional change and to assess the current institutional issues in the energy markets of Turkey. © 2010 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Turkish EFL teachers' perceptions about the transferability of an online call training

Cengiz B.C.

Book Part | 2017 | Researching ELT: Classroom Methodology and Beyond , pp.59 - 67

This study examined the factors affecting the transferability of a four-week online CALL training from the perspectives of eight Turkish L2 English in-service teachers receiving the training on a voluntary basis. Through self-report data collected via interviews and reflection reports, the researcher aimed to investigate the potential of online in-service CALL training for training language teachers to integrate CALL in their classrooms. The findings pointed at many factors that impinged on teachers' CALL integration into their classes. These were related to (a) teachers' perceived competence for transfer (b) the design of the train . . .ing (c) issues related to MONE (Ministry of National Education) (d) technological infrastructure at schools and (e) a lack of supporting school environment for technology integration. Based on these findings, the researcher came up with a sequential procedure for online inservice CALL training, which is proposed to be a valuable means for the transfer of knowledge and skills gained in CALL training to a real language classroom Daha fazlası Daha az

Introductory longer review for rock mechanics testing methods

Ulusay R. | Gercek H.

Book Part | 2017 | Rock Mechanics and Engineering: Volume 2: Laboratory and Field Testing , pp.3 - 66

Rock mechanics involves characterizing the strength of rock material and the geometry and mechanical properties of the natural discontinuities of the rock mass. Rock engineering is concerned with specific engineering circumstances, for example, how much load will the rock support and whether reinforcement is necessary. Since the establishment of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) in the 1960s, there have been important scientific developments and technological advances both in rock mechanics and rock engineering. Particularly, modeling of rock behavior, design methodologies for rock structures and rock testing metho . . .ds are the main issues in these developments and advances. The models developed depend considerably on the input parameters such as boundary conditions and material, discontinuity and rock mass properties. For this reason, establishing how to obtain these input parameters for a particular site, rock mass and project is important. In this chapter, first, a brief historical account of material testing is given with a special emphasis on the evolution of testing of rocks. Next, rock mechanics testing methods including those for rock material, discontinuities and rock masses are critically reviewed in terms of laboratory and in-situ tests. Then, standardization of rock testing methods is mentioned within the context of the Suggested Methods (SMs) by the ISRM. Finally, current developments and future trends in rock testing methods are briefly discussed. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK Daha fazlası Daha az

Cheeses from Turkey

Uzunsoy I. | Özer B.

Book Part | 2017 | Global Cheesemaking Technology: Cheese Quality and Characteristics , pp.191 - 192

[No abstract available]

Effect of cynical individual factor on the reverse mobbing tendency: A planned behavior

Uysal H.T. | Gedik I.A.

Book Part | 2017 | Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture and Diversity in the Modern Workforce , pp.278 - 308

The purpose of this chapter is to reveal the interaction between the cynicism levels and reverse mobbing tendencies of employees under the same organizational climate. In line with this purpose, a study was performed via the survey method on 120 people in a public institute in Turkey. The sample size of the study is limited with the public institute included in the study due to cynicism and reverse mobbing levels vary in each organizational climate. The data obtained from the study were analyzed using the confidence, correlation, multiple regression and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. According to the results of these analyses, a medium-lev . . .el positive significant relationship was determined between the cynicism levels and reverse mobbing tendencies of the employees. The cynicism dimension that increases the reverse mobbing tendency of the employees most was determined to be the behavioral cynicism with the coefficient of 1.922. As a result, cynicism was added to the literature as a new factor affecting the reverse mobbing significantly. © 2017 by IGI Global. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The role of institutions over economic change in Turkey

Çetin T.

Book Part | 2013 | Understanding the Process of Economic Change in Turkey: An Institutional Approach , pp.21 - 39

Turkey has attempted to institutionalize its economic endowment for a long time. During this struggle, it has overcome violent stages and political clashes in the different terms including various features. In the 1980s, Turkey initiated to experience transition to the economic institutions of capitalism and put liberalization to the forefront in setting economic policies. However, liberalization did not obtain a relaxation in the traditional state structure. On the other hand, Turkey suffered from the loose political structure in the 1990s. Coalition governments have long dominated the political and economic institutional structure . . .. As a result, the 1980s and the 1990s had not exactly been able to bring about an economic change based on institutionalization in the political, bureaucratic and legal spheres. Rather, while the legal and bureaucratic processes resisted economic change, the political processes led to a rent seeking society. In this context, the goal of this chapter is to analyze the role of institutional endowment in Turkey over economic change. The chapter especially focuses on the interaction among political institutions and economic change. In doing so, it aims to reveal the credibility and influence of political institutions on the process of economic change in Turkey. © 2010 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Selected indicators and methods for evaluation of E-participation

Komarkova J. | Bhattacharya D.

Book Part | 2015 | Springer Proceedings in Complexity , pp.261 - 268

All democratic governments try to involve the citizens into the public deals. So, they support development of information society in many ways including high investments into increasing utilization of information and communication technologies in public administration. But it is still very difficult to measure successfulness of this support and compare countries between themselves. A possible way how to assess development of E-Participation is proposed. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

Progress in Biotechnological Applications of Diverse Species in Boraginaceae juss.

Koca U. | Çölgeçen H. | Reheman N.

Book Part | 2012 | Biotechnological Production of Plant Secondary Metabolites , pp.200 - 214

During the past four decades plant cell biotechnology has evolved as a promising new area within the field of biotechnology, focusing on production of secondary metabolites and in vitro propagation of plants. Boraginaceae is one of the family that biotechnological tools were applied extensively because of their economically, ornamentally and medicinally valuable seconder metabolites as well as their endangered species. The Boraginaceae family is known as Borage or Forget-me-not, contains more than 156 genera and about 2000 species including annual, perrenial herbs, shrubs and trees. Members of the family were distributed mostly in s . . .andy -drier regions of the world. The most well-known members of the family are Forget me not (Myosotis sp.), Borage (Borago sp.), Comfreys (Symphytum sp.), and Heliotrope (Heliotropium sp.). A good number of the family members are used as a source of dye in cosmetics, food, textile and also in medical field. Selected species of the family utilized for obtaining secondary metabolites including naphtaquinone derivatives, rosmarinic acid and pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Due to their medicinal, economical and ecological importance, biotechnological tools such as plant tissue culture, metabolic engineering and in vitro micropropagation have been applied to produce biologically active compounds, pigments and to increase the population of the endangered species. The purpose of this chapter to review studies performed utilizing biotechnological methods in diverse members of this family. Botanical aspects, traditional usage, chemical constituents and production of secondary metabolites in cultures and via metabolic engineering in some of the family members were also reviewed in brief. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The phenomenon of peace in the social studies curriculum in Turkey and Greece

Karadeniz O. | Kaya B.

Book Part | 2014 | Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications1 , pp.308 - 319

In this chapter, the phenomenon of peace in the social studies curriculum is examined in the context of Turkey and Greece. The formation of the social studies curriculum and conceptual changes in programs in Turkey related with Greece is investigated. The studies that have been initiated after World Wars to prevail the perception of peace in Social Studies and History lessons are reviewed. The current status of the curriculum shows an attempt put forward by examining historically the studies initiated by UNESCO after World War II in order to eliminate the phenomenon of hostility in the textbooks which also include Turkey and Greece. . . . Due to the nature of the study described in this chapter, the method of scanning was used. As a result of the study, it has been observed that the phenomenon of peace hasn't been given enough space, but there have been obvious positive regulations than those in the past. In this context, a continuation of the studies related with the phenomenon of peace which are included in the curriculum is suggested. © 2015, IGI Global Daha fazlası Daha az

Arthroscopic patellar instability surgery

Doral M.N. | Atay Ö.A. | Üzümcügil A. | Ayvaz M. | Turhan E. | Dönmez G. | Elmalı N.

Book Part | 2012 | Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Rehabilitation , pp.597 - 603

Biomechanically, knee joint as a motion complex includes gliding, rolling, translation, and rotation during its extension to flexion. A significant incidence of knee pain and disability arises from patellofemoral disorders in elderly ages. Patellar instability is a subjective term that defines pain, blockage, and twisting clinically due to deterioration of static and dynamic knee extensor mechanism. An accurate diagnosis relies both on assessing soft tissues and bony tissues together and considering pelvic and spinal stabilizers with the knowledge of distal alignment reaches from L5 to S1 vertebrae. Under the title of patellar insta . . .bility, arthroscopic medial plication technique and the importance of medial patellofemoral ligament in this approach will be discussed. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 Daha fazlası Daha az

The comparison of the chaotic cases which social studies teacher candidates study in Turkey and the United States of America about social phenomena

Karadeniz O. | Faiz M.

Book Part | 2014 | Chaos and Complexity Theory in World Politics , pp.217 - 228

In today's world of the twenty-first century, both technology and social communities which technology develops have gotten a greater change process than those in the past. Social change introduces the concept of chaos to us. Literally, chaos means order in disorder. Individuals have fallen into despair as a result of social changes. Determining the situations of chaos which individuals experience is an important step. This chapter compares chaotic cases of Social Studies teacher candidates who study in Turkey and the United States of America about social phenomena. This research was carried out in two different education institution . . .s including a faculty of education in Turkey and a college in the United States of America. A total of 30 social studies teacher candidates including 15 people in Turkey and 15 people in the United States of America were participated into the research. Data obtained were analyzed by the method of content analysis after research conducted. © 2014 by IGI Global. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Determining the priorities of CAMELS dimensions based on bank performance

Pekkaya M. | Demir F.E.

Book Part | 2018 | Contributions to Economics , pp.445 - 463

Banks’ performances are important not only for the stability/growth of the firms and economic situation of a country; it is also important for the stability/growth of the world economy. The aim of this study is to determine the priorities of CAMELS dimensions with respect to bank performance via AHP method and to present the results as an information to researchers, investors and decision-makers. Furthermore, this study shows the feasibility of many statistical hypothesis tests by separately generated priority series from expert’s views based on performance and bankruptcy risk of banks. CAMELS, used for bank performance appraisal, i . . .s a financial ratio analysis comparing the ratios of banks with the industries. Along with evaluating the determined priorities of CAMELS dimensions based on performance of banks, the differences of the views between the priorities based on risk of bankruptcy and performance of banks, the view differences according to the demographic characteristics of the experts, etc., are also examined. According to analysis, “Asset” (24.75%) is the most important dimension of CAMELS, and then “Earnings” (19.16%), “Liquidity” (18.54%) and “Management” (17.68%) are thought as following important dimensions with respect to bank performance. Dimensions of “Sensitivity to market risk” (11.11%) and “Capital” (10.03%) are observed as weak dimensions. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018 Daha fazlası Daha az

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