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Koleksiyon [10]
Tam Metin [1]
Yazar [20]
Yayın Yılı [9]
Konu Başlıkları [20]
Yayıncı [15]
Yayın Dili [1]
Dergi Adı [20]
Management of non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive bladder cancers

Tinay I. | Mungan N.A.

Kitap Bölümü | 2017 | Principles and Practice of Urooncology: Radiotherapy, Surgery and Systemic Therapy , pp.59 - 74

Bladder cancer (BC) is the 7th most commonly diagnosed cancer in men worldwide, while it declines to 11th when both sexes are considered. The worldwide age-standardized incidence rate (per 100,000 person/years) is 9.0 for men and 2.2 for women. Europe has among the highest incidence rates of BC in the world, where the age-standardized incidence rate is 19.1 for men and 4.0 for women. The overall burden was greater in men; however varying incidence trends by gender were reported recently in some countries, with rates drop in male and increase in female population. The management of BC should be tailored according to the disease stage . . ., grade, and patient-related factors at the presentation. In this chapter, we will discuss the management of non-muscle- invasive disease and the surgical management of muscle-invasive disease. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017 Daha fazlası Daha az

Endoscopic assisted percutaneous achilles tendon repair

Doral M.N. | Bozkurt M. | Turhan E. | Atay O.A.

Kitap Bölümü | 2013 | Minimally Invasive Surgery for Achilles Tendon Disorders in Clinical Practice9.78145E+12 , pp.1 - 14

The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body [1]. Hippocrates said this tendon, if bruised or cut, causes the most acute fevers, induces choking, deranges the mind and at length brings death [2]. Achilles tendon rupture has been the focus of many studies since Ambroise Paré initially described it in 1575 [3]. Achilles tendon ruptures are the third most frequent major tendon ruptures, following rotator cuff and quadriceps ruptures [4, 5]. Nevertheless, there is no consensus on the optimal management, and management is still determined by the preferences of the surgeon and the patient. Cast immobilization may lead to . . .suboptimal healing, with elongation of the tendon, reduced strength of the calf muscles, and an unacceptably high rate of re-rupture [6-10]. © 2013 Springer-Verlag London. All rights are reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of cynical individual factor on the reverse mobbing tendency: A planned behavior

Uysal H.T. | Gedik I.A.

Kitap Bölümü | 2017 | Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture and Diversity in the Modern Workforce , pp.278 - 308

The purpose of this chapter is to reveal the interaction between the cynicism levels and reverse mobbing tendencies of employees under the same organizational climate. In line with this purpose, a study was performed via the survey method on 120 people in a public institute in Turkey. The sample size of the study is limited with the public institute included in the study due to cynicism and reverse mobbing levels vary in each organizational climate. The data obtained from the study were analyzed using the confidence, correlation, multiple regression and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. According to the results of these analyses, a medium-lev . . .el positive significant relationship was determined between the cynicism levels and reverse mobbing tendencies of the employees. The cynicism dimension that increases the reverse mobbing tendency of the employees most was determined to be the behavioral cynicism with the coefficient of 1.922. As a result, cynicism was added to the literature as a new factor affecting the reverse mobbing significantly. © 2017 by IGI Global. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Arthroscopic patellar instability surgery

Doral M.N. | Atay Ö.A. | Üzümcügil A. | Ayvaz M. | Turhan E. | Dönmez G. | Elmalı N.

Kitap Bölümü | 2012 | Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Rehabilitation , pp.597 - 603

Biomechanically, knee joint as a motion complex includes gliding, rolling, translation, and rotation during its extension to flexion. A significant incidence of knee pain and disability arises from patellofemoral disorders in elderly ages. Patellar instability is a subjective term that defines pain, blockage, and twisting clinically due to deterioration of static and dynamic knee extensor mechanism. An accurate diagnosis relies both on assessing soft tissues and bony tissues together and considering pelvic and spinal stabilizers with the knowledge of distal alignment reaches from L5 to S1 vertebrae. Under the title of patellar insta . . .bility, arthroscopic medial plication technique and the importance of medial patellofemoral ligament in this approach will be discussed. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 Daha fazlası Daha az

The comparison of the chaotic cases which social studies teacher candidates study in Turkey and the United States of America about social phenomena

Karadeniz O. | Faiz M.

Kitap Bölümü | 2014 | Chaos and Complexity Theory in World Politics , pp.217 - 228

In today's world of the twenty-first century, both technology and social communities which technology develops have gotten a greater change process than those in the past. Social change introduces the concept of chaos to us. Literally, chaos means order in disorder. Individuals have fallen into despair as a result of social changes. Determining the situations of chaos which individuals experience is an important step. This chapter compares chaotic cases of Social Studies teacher candidates who study in Turkey and the United States of America about social phenomena. This research was carried out in two different education institution . . .s including a faculty of education in Turkey and a college in the United States of America. A total of 30 social studies teacher candidates including 15 people in Turkey and 15 people in the United States of America were participated into the research. Data obtained were analyzed by the method of content analysis after research conducted. © 2014 by IGI Global. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

A Heterogeneous Panel Causality Test: Research and Development Expenditures and Economic Growth in OECD Countries

Yurtkur A.K. | Abasiz T.

Kitap Bölümü | 2018 | Contributions to Management Science , pp.293 - 310

The rapid spread of technology since the 1990s brought with it various advantages such as high efficiency and low cost in terms of production processes. These advantages have led countries to pay more attention to different variables for this processes. Research and development activities are also among these variables. Theoretically, research development is given an important place in endogenous growth models. Many studies have been made by economists that technological innovation is an endogenous variable and technological innovations with research investments are an important source of economic growth. This study examines the int . . .eraction between this variables by heterogeneous panel causality test. According to the empirical findings of the study, the existence of a heterogeneous causal relationship between these two variables is implied for all countries. In this context, today’s system where economic and technological ties are increasing, it can be said that R&D is an important dynamic in terms of economic growth from the point of view of working country sample. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature Daha fazlası Daha az

Endoscopy and percutaneous suturing in the achilles tendon ruptures

Doral M.N. | Üzümcügil A. | Kaymaz B. | Ayvaz M. | Atay Ö.A. | Aksoy M.C. | Sargon M.

Kitap Bölümü | 2012 | Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Rehabilitation , pp.917 - 921

Achilles tendon ruptures commonly occur during sportive activities and there is a tendency of increasing in the incidence of ruptures because of “weekend warriors” who are over 30 years of age. These pathologies are the third most frequent major tendon ruptures after rotator cuff and quadriceps ruptures. Various modalities have been recommended as appropriate treatment options for Achilles tendon ruptures. Nevertheless, there is no consensus on the treatment method, and it is still determined by the surgeon and the patient. Open surgical repair of the Achilles tendon carries specific risks including adhesions between the tendon and . . .the skin, infection, and particularly wound breakdown. Therefore, to avoid these complications the percutaneous repair technique has been described and has become popular. Endoscopy-assisted percutaneous suturing of the Achilles tendon under infiltration anesthesia proffers a rational alternative for the treatment of both athletic and non-athletic individuals. This technique resulted in a cosmetic wound appearance, endurable to early active mobilization and satisfactory clinical recovery without any severe complication. Furthermore, this procedure protects the paratenon and thus blood supplies of the tendon, and enhances biologic recovery. Also direct visualization and manipulation of the tendon ends provides a precise apposition of the ruptured tendon, thus diminishing the handicaps of the single percutaneous technique. In this chapter we described our Achilles tendon repair technique under local anesthesia without tourniquet and with cooperation of the patient, and the results of our clinical experiences under the lights of literature. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 Daha fazlası Daha az

Volatile oils from marine macroalgae

Güven K.C. | Sezik E. | Kaleağasioğlu F. | Erdugan H. | Coban B. | Karakaş E.

Kitap Bölümü | 2013 | Natural Products: Phytochemistry, Botany and Metabolism of Alkaloids, Phenolics and Terpenes , pp.2883 - 2912

Volatile oils of algae contain a variety of compounds. The main group, terpenes, contains acyclic: linalool, geraniol, citronellol; monocyclic: limonene, 1-8-cineol, p-cymene; bicyclic: ?- and ß-pinene, cadinene, aromatic eugenol, and isoeugenol. The others are benzaldehyde, phenol, p-cresol, various acids, alcohols, aldehydes, amines, ketones, sulfur containing and halogenated compounds. When volatile oil components of algae and terrestrial plants are compared, the algae were found to be relatively poor. Importantly, halogenated compounds occur only in algae, but not in terrestrial plants. In this chapter, we present briefly but co . . .mprehensively the occurrence of various volatile compounds in different classes of algae. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Daha fazlası Daha az

A research on the reviews of the social science teachers who serve in Turkey and Germany about chaotic situations they encounter in class

Karadeniz O. | Er H. | Turan S.

Kitap Bölümü | 2016 | Springer Proceedings in Complexity , pp.471 - 484

Today’s world has a consistently dynamic structure in constant change and development. We live in a world where we can encounter positive and negative unexpected situations and everything can happen every moment. That such environments in which people and communities live change constantly and quickly shows that people live in a chaos laden environment. The social science lesson which has a very important function in terms of adapting to social life and socializing has an important part in the education of individuals. Thus, the teachers who give lessons regarding the lesson which holds such importance state chaotic situations they . . .encounter in the teaching-instruction process and the evaluation of their responses consists the core of our study. In this study, the aim is the comparative evaluation of the chaotic situations which social science (history, geography, politics, citizenship education) teachers, who serve in Turkey and Germany, encounter in the course. The study using qualitative research methods was carried out by a total of 20 social sciences teachers including 10 in Turkey and 10 in Germany working in 5 different locations (history-geography, politics, citizenship education). As a result of the study, the chaotic situations that teachers who serve in Turkey and Germany, encounter are different in specific ways but basically similar. While teachers in Germany pointed out student-centered problems, the teachers in Turkey tended to non- students factors mostly. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 Daha fazlası Daha az

Effectiveness of different tongue cleaning instruments in assessment oral malodour

Bodrumlu E. | Sumer A.P. | Bulucu B. | Koprulu H.

Kitap Bölümü | 2013 | Clinical Dentistry Research Compendium , pp.321 - 327

Objective: The study was performed to compare the effectiveness of tongue cleaner combination of brush and scraper, tongue scraper and double-bladed tongue scraper in improving oral malodour using organoleptic measurement and sulphide monitoring. Materials and methods: The study population included 107 subjects. Each subject was screened first using the organoleptic method and then by the sulfide monitor. The subjects were assigned to three groups, as follows: Group 1: The subjects used tongue cleaner combination of brush and scraper for cleaning their tongue, Group 2: The subjects used tongue scraper for cleaning their tongue, Grou . . .p 3: The subjects used double-bladed tongue scraper for cleaning their tongue. All measurements were performed before and at the completion of 10 days using one of tongue cleaning instrument for each subject. Results: In each tongue cleaning group, the changes of VSC concentration scores and organoleptic scores were significantly different ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Cheeses from Turkey

Uzunsoy I. | Özer B.

Kitap Bölümü | 2017 | Global Cheesemaking Technology: Cheese Quality and Characteristics , pp.191 - 192

[No abstract available]

The role of religion on tax revenue: A global religious perspective

Dökmen G.

Kitap Bölümü | 2018 | Contributions to Economics , pp.191 - 208

The obligation of the government to provide public services raises the need for tax revenues. As the production factors increase mobility due to globalization, tax revenues have become even more critical. In this process, there has been an increase in the studies that analyze economic and behavioral factors that have an influence on tax revenue performance. In this study, the relationship between religion and tax revenues has been examined by panel data method using dummy variables for world religions. In countries with the highest Christian Protestant population have been found that their tax revenues are increasing. However, in co . . .untries where the population is predominantly Orthodox and Muslim, the tax revenues are decreasing due to various reasons. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018 Daha fazlası Daha az

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